Chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla

Chapakati Compostilla II

Lero tikambirana za mtundu wamagetsi womwe umagwiritsa ntchito mafuta akale. Ndi za Chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla. Ndi amodzi mwamalo opangira magetsi omwe mafuta ake ndi malasha. Monga tikudziwira, malasha ndi mafuta ochepa omwe alibe tsiku loti latha kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, tikudziwa zovuta zake zazikulu zowononga chilengedwe komanso kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe.

Mu positi tikulongosola zonse zofunikira ndi kufunikira kwa chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla

Chomera chamagetsi chomwechi chimakhala ndi makina oyendera magetsi omwe mafuta ake ndi malasha. Ili pafupi ndi mtsinje wa Sil m'chigawo cha Cubillos de Sí m'chigawo cha León. Chomera chamagetsichi chimakhala ndimagulu anayi amagetsi omwe amatha kupanga ma megawatts pafupifupi 4. Umwini wa kampaniyo ndi gawo la Endesa.

Mwa chomera chamagetsi ichi pali mitundu iwiri ya iwo. Kumbali imodzi tili ndi chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla I, chomwe chinali chomera choyamba cha Endesa ndipo Idakhazikitsidwa mu 50 ku Ponferrada. Pambuyo pake, chifukwa chakufunika kwakukulu kwa mphamvu pakukula kwa anthu komanso chitukuko chosalekeza, makina ena amagetsi otchedwa Compostilla II adapangidwa mzaka za 60. Idayamba kugwira ntchito mu 1972 ndipo inali chomera champhamvu chamagetsi chachiwiri chofunikira kwambiri ku Spain konse.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunika zomwe chomera chilichonse chamagetsi chimafunikira kukhala ndi malo ozizira. Poterepa, kunali kofunikira kupanga chidebe cha Bárcena mumtsinje wa Sil kuti muchite ntchitozi za mufiriji. Chomerachi chili ndi chimney ziwiri nsonga zazikulu zazitali za 270 ndi 290 mita motsatana ndi nsanja zina ziwiri zoziziritsa.

Chomera chamagetsi choterechi chidapangidwa kuti chizigwiritsa ntchito malasha ochokera ku madamu a El Bierzo ndi Laciana. Komabe, pomwe makina amagetsi otentha amatchuka komanso mphamvu zamagetsi zikuchulukirachulukira, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa malasha uku kwachulukitsa kulowetsedwa kwa mafuta abwino a coke, ndikupangitsa kuipitsa mpweya kukhala kochuluka kuposa masiku onse.

Chiyambi cha mafuta ochokera ku chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla

Makhalidwe a Chomera Chopangira Mphamvu cha Compostilla

70% ya malasha omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira magetsiwa ndi amitundu yonse. Wogulitsa wamkulu yemwe amapereka malasha pachomera ichi ndi Coto Minero Cantábrico fakitale yamalasha, yokhala ndi matani 2 miliyoni amakala pachaka.

Magulu a chomerachi anali 3, 4 ndi 5 khalani ndi chidziwitso chonyowa chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchotsa sulfure dioxide zomwe zimapangidwa mu mpweya woyaka. Kuwonongeka uku kuli ndi ukadaulo wapamwamba kwambiri womwe umatha kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa mlengalenga.

Mu 2008 Endesa adalengeza kuti adzasintha magulu 1, 2 ndi 3 kuti asinthe mayendedwe awo kukhala gasi limodzi. Cholinga chachikulu cha kusinthaku ndikuti athe kukonza maofesi onse ndikusintha malamulo atsopano okhudza chilengedwe. Popeza kuti malasha ndi amodzi mwa mafuta omwe akuwononga kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo amayambitsa kutentha kwambiri ndipo, monga chotulukapo chachikulu, kusintha kwa nyengo, adaganiza zosinthana ndi gasi.

Kuphatikiza apo, chimodzi mwazabwino zomwe zimaperekedwa ndikukhazikitsa gasi kuphatikiza ndikuti kuthekera kukwaniritsa mphamvu zomwe zilipo kawiri. Mu 2007 chapakati Inali kale ndi antchito 238 omwe anapangitsa kuti ikhale imodzi mwamakampani ofunikira kwambiri pachilumba chonse. Komabe, chifukwa cha mafuta amakala komanso inali malo achisanu akuwononga malasha mdziko lonselo.

Makina opanga magetsi a Compostilla

Endesa

Chifukwa cha malamulo opewera ngozi zakuthupi komanso pantchito omwe asinthidwa kwakanthawi, kampani yamagetsi yamafuta ya Compostilla iyeneranso kusintha kuzolowera. Mu 2012, idakhazikitsidwa njira yatsopano yomwe idaletsa moto womwe ungachitike. Zachilendo zamtunduwu ndizoti sizinali zowononga wosanjikiza wa ozoni.

Tiyeneranso kutchula za kusintha kwa mayendedwe ophatikizika ndi gasi kuti tipeze mphamvu zowirikiza ndikuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Kukonzanso kwina kwa chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla ndikuchulukirachulukira kwake chifukwa chokhudzidwa ndikudziwitsidwa kulimbikitsa chikhalidwe cha zachilengedwe. Ndipo ndikuti chomera chamagetsi ichi chatenga njira zambiri zophunzitsira kuti zithandizire kukhalabe ndi mphamvu. Mwanjira imeneyi, cholinga chake ndi kuphunzitsa m'njira zachilengedwe kuti muchepetse zovuta zachilengedwe m'mafakitale onse ndi m'matawuni.

Sitiyenera kuyiwala kuti maziko amafunidwe amagetsi ndikumaliza komaliza ndi moyo. Adasankha kuchita zochitika zingapo m'mundawu kuti yang'anani pantchito yolimbikitsa kukhazikika kwa gawo lamagetsi. Pali zochitika zingapo zomwe cholinga chake ndikuchepetsa zovuta zakampani chifukwa chachuma. Kuphatikiza apo, zomwe amayesa ndikulimbikitsa chikhalidwe cha chilengedwe kudzera m'maphunziro onsewa azaka zonse. Mphamvu yamagetsi yakunyumba ndi imodzi mwazokwezedwa kofala kwamphamvu yamafuta a Compostilla.

Zonsezi ndichifukwa choti, kupatula apo, kunyumba ndi komwe kumafunikira mphamvu zazikulu kwambiri pamzinda wonse. Cholinga chachikulu ndikuphunzitsa mabanja onsewa omwe ali pachiwopsezo pakukweza ngongole zawo zamagetsi. Umu ndi momwe zimatheka kuperekera malingaliro kuti mugwiritse ntchito mphamvu moyenera komanso kutsitsa mtengo wamalipiro amagetsi omaliza. Pakadali pano, mabanja 241 apindula ndi pulogalamu yoperewera ya magetsi iliyonse pezani ndalama zosachepera 36% pamalipiro anu.

Monga mukuwonera, makina opangira magetsi ndi omwe adayambitsa kuwonongeka kwakukulu ku Spain.Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za chomera chamagetsi cha Compostilla.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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