Makhalidwe ndi ntchito za Nuclear Safety Council

Mitengo yamagetsi yanyukiliya yogwira

Zachidziwikire kuti mudamvapo za mphamvu ya nyukiliya komanso ngozi zake zomwe zingachitike. Pofuna kupewa ngozi za nyukiliya, ku Spain tili ndi Nuclear Safety Council (CSN). Ndi bungwe lodziyimira palokha lochokera kuboma loyang'anira, lomwe cholinga chawo chachikulu ndikutsimikizira chitetezo cha nyukiliya komanso chitetezo ku ma radiation.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zonse zokhudzana ndi Nuclear Safety Council ndi zomwe akuchita?

Ntchito za Nuclear Safety Council

Akatswiri a Nuclear Safety Council

Kukhazikitsa inshuwaransi yathunthu sikophweka. Mphamvu zamtunduwu pazokha sizowopsa, koma mikhalidwe yazinyalala ndizo. Makina a nyukiliya amatha kulephera ndipo, ngakhale sizikuyembekezeredwa, tsoka longa lomwe adakumana nalo Chernobyl ndi Fukushima. Monga akunenera, pali ngozi zochepa za ndege, koma imodzi ikachitika, imakhala yoopsa kwambiri kuposa mitundu ina ya mayendedwe.

Pofuna kupewa izi, CSN imawunika chitetezo cha malowa mulimonse mwa magawo amagetsi. Kuchokera pakupanga, kumanga, kuyesa kosiyanasiyana ndikuwononga ndikuchotsa ntchito. Mosiyana ndi zomwe ambiri amakhulupirira, kutseka chomera cha nyukiliya popanda njira zachitetezo kumatha kukhala pachiwopsezo. Makina a nyukiliya ndi osakhazikika ndipo mafuta amafunika kuzirala. Ngati palibe magetsi oti aziziziritsa, zitha kubweretsa ngozi.

Nuclear Safety Council ili ndi udindo wofufuza zonse zomwe zatumizidwa za zida za nyukiliya ndi zinthu zowononga ma radio. Ma radioactivity ndi owopsa ndipo amatha kukhudza anthu mibadwo ingapo. Pachifukwa ichi, CSN amawongolera ndikuwunika magwiridwe antchito a radioactivity, mkati ndi kunja kwa nyumbayo.

Malipoti onse omwe bungwe la Nuclear Safety Council limachita ndiwovomerezeka. Ndiwo gulu lomwe limatsimikizira kutetezedwa kwa ma radiation kwa anthu komanso chilengedwe.

Kapangidwe ka CSN

Kukula kwa ngozi ya nyukiliya

CSN ili ndi makhansala asanu. Aphungu awa amasankhidwa kuti akhale ndi luso laukadaulo, kuganiza bwino, ndi kuweruza. Alangizi ndi omwe ali ndiudindo wopanga zisankho zovuta, chifukwa chitetezo cha makina anyukiliya ndichinthu chovuta. Izi zimafunikira chidziwitso chachikulu komanso kuthana ndi mavuto omwe angakhalepo.

Kuphatikiza pa makhansala asanu, CSN ili ndi Nuclear Safety and Radiological Protection technical Corps, yopangidwa mwa akatswiri pafupifupi 400 omwe amathandizira. Pomwe zisankho ziyenera kupangidwa monga kukwaniritsa ntchito, alangizi onse ndi technical Corps amakumana kuti akambirane.

Makampani onse opanga zida za nyukiliya ku Spain ali ndi oyang'anira awiri a CSN. Oyang'anira awa amateteza chitetezo cha mbewuyo. Amapitilizabe kupereka malipoti ngati mbiri yoyang'anira zochitika za mbewu iliyonse. CSN ndi yomwe imayang'anira kulandira ndikusintha zomwe zalembedwa. Oyendera ali ndi ufulu woyenda pamalo opangira zida za nyukiliya ndi kupeza zolemba zonse zomwe zilipo. Tsiku lililonse la chaka popanda kusiyanitsa, Nuclear Safety Council imawunikiranso ndikutsimikizira makina asanu ndi atatu anyukiliya omwe akugwira ntchito ku Spain. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kudziwa momwe ma reactor amakhalira nthawi zonse ndikudziwa kuti akugwira ntchito molingana ndi chitetezo chofunikira motsatira malamulo, mdziko lonse komanso akunja.

Zotheka

Mtsutso wokhudzana ndi chitetezo cha nyukiliya

Nuclear Safety Council imapatsidwa mphamvu zogwirira ntchito zosiyanasiyana kutengera momwe zinthu ziliri. Ngati chomera cha nyukiliya chikugwira ntchito ndipo chili ndi zosintha zina zomwe zitha kukhala zowopsa (monga ma radiation owonjezera), CSN ikhoza kuyimitsa ntchito kapena zomangamanga za malowa pazifukwa zachitetezo.

Nthawi zonse, CSN iyenera kudziwa ziphaso za omwe amayang'anira ntchitoyi. Anthu omwe amagwira ntchito pamalo opangira zida za nyukiliya amayenera kuphunzitsidwa ndikuzindikira zomwe zili m'manja mwawo. Kuphatikiza apo, imatha kuphunzira momwe zinthu zimathandizira pa chilengedwe. Ngozi pamalo opangira zida za nyukiliya siyowopsa chabe kwa anthu ndi mizinda. Kuwonongeka komwe kungayambitse chilengedwe kumatha zaka mazana ambiri.

Chilengedwe chimatha kupezanso pang'ono ndi pang'ono kuchokera ku kuwonongeka kwa makina anyukiliya. Onani kuyambiranso kwa malo ozungulira a Chernobyl. Komabe, kutentha kwa dzuwa kumapitilizabe mumitundu yazinthu zamoyo ndipo kumatha kuyambitsa kusintha kwa mibadwomibadwo. Pazifukwa izi, Nuclear Safety Council iyenera kukhazikitsa malire ndi momwe zinthu zikuyendera. Malirewo akuyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti palibe zovuta zovomerezeka zamagetsi kwa anthu komanso chilengedwe.

Nthawi zonse, liyenera kudziwitsa anthu zambiri pazonse zomwe zikukhudzidwa. Komanso, dziwani zamomwe zakhalira ndi Congress of Deputies ndi Senate, kukonzekera Lipoti lomwe limafalitsidwa kwambiri pagulu.

Kodi mumatani pakagwa mwadzidzidzi?

Nyumba ya CSN

Ngozi ikachitika pakamachitika tsiku ndi tsiku chomera cha nyukiliya, CSN iyenera perekani chilengezo chadzidzidzi. Zadzidzidzi zitha kukhala zida za nyukiliya kapena ma radiation, kutengera mtundu wake. Ngati ndi nyukiliya, ndichifukwa chakuti vuto lachitika ndi chojambulira ndipo pakhoza kukhala zinyalala zowopsa. Ngati ndi wailesi, ndichifukwa chakuti ma radiation ali pamwamba pa zomwe zimaloledwa ndipo ndizowopsa.

Kutulutsidwa kwadzidzidzi kumakhudza kuyambitsa bungwe la Emergency Response Organisation (ORE) la Nuclear Safety Council mu mode 1. CSN Emergency Room (Salem) imayambitsidwa mosamala maola 24 tsiku lililonse chaka chonse. ORE Njira 1 kutsegula ndiyo njira yoyankhira yoyamba yomwe idakhazikitsidwa.

Vutoli likaperekedwa, kulumikizana kumayambitsidwa ndi malowa kuti adziwe momwe alili ndipo akatswiri onse a CSN ndi akatswiri amayitanidwa. Kuti mupeze malingaliro a akatswiri ambiri, media zakunja zimayambitsidwa. Zimaphatikizapo kuthandizidwa ndi akatswiri ena omwe angapezeke ku Khonsolo pakagwa vuto ladzidzidzi.

Zinthu zikafufuzidwa, kuwunikaku kumayamba ndikupezeka kwa ngoziyo komanso kuneneratu. Kuchokera apa malingaliro oyenera amachotsedwa kuti ateteze ndikusamutsa anthu kumalo otetezeka.

Monga mukuwonera, mphamvu ya nyukiliya imafunikira njira zingapo zachitetezo kuti igwiritse ntchito moyenera. CSN imayang'anira chitetezo chathu mosalekeza.


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