Brazil ndi biofuels

Brasil Ndi amodzi mwamayiko ofunikira ku Latin America chifukwa cha kukula kwake komanso chuma chambiri chomwe chimalimbikitsidwa ndi kukula kwake zachilengedwe. Komanso ndi amodzi mwa oyamba m'derali kufunafuna njira zina zamafuta.

Kuyambira 2005 Brazil imapanga biofuel ndipo imalimbikitsa makampaniwa kuti azigulitsa msika wambiri, makamaka pamakina olima ndi magalimoto olemera. Ndiwachiwiri wopanga bioethanol padziko lapansi wokhala ndi malita 26 biliyoni ndi 1,1 biliyoni ya biodiesel mu 2009.

Mu 2010 akuti akupanga malita 2400 biliyoni a biofuels.

Dziko la Brazil likufuna kukhala m'modzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndalama zambiri zimayikidwa pantchito imeneyi koma zikuthandizanso alimi kuti azitha kutenga nawo mbali pazogulitsa ndi zinthu zawo.

Ku Brazil, mbewu zosiyanasiyana zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga biodiesel monga soya, nzimbe, chinangwa, jatropha ngakhale zotsalira za nthochi, udzu wam'madzi, pakati pa ena.

Brazil sakufuna kuyika chitetezo cha chakudya Chifukwa chake, imagwirizana ndi alimi kuti asasinthe zomwe akupanga koma kuti aliyense agawire gawo.

Dziko la Brazil likugwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo zolimbikitsira kukulitsa ntchito yopanga, kusungira, ndi kuyendetsa mafuta omwe akupindulitsa kwambiri ndipo atha kusintha ma biofuel. mafuta, komanso kupanga ntchito m'gawo lino.

Chifukwa chakukakamizidwa ndi boma, makampani ambiri akunja akugulitsa mafuta ku biofuels mdziko muno, motero kuyambitsa chuma.

Brazil idzakhala yotsogola pamsika wa biofuels m'zaka zikubwerazi chifukwa cha kuthekera konse komanso chuma chachilengedwe chomwe ili nacho m'gawo lake komanso kutha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wofananako ndikukhala mpikisano.

Pezani a ulimi wathanzi komanso zachilengedweKusunga chitetezo cha chakudya ndikupanga mafuta ochulukirapo kwa nthawi yayitali ndi ena mwa mavuto omwe Brazil ndi mayiko ena onse opanga mafuta akuyenera kukwaniritsa kuti asunge chuma, chikhalidwe ndi chilengedwe.


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  1.   mbali anati

    Munthawi yakusintha kwake, munthu adalamulira chilengedwe, adachipanga kuti chikhale chakudya ndi mphamvu. Zaka zoposa 20000 zapitazo adamvetsetsa kuti atha kugwiritsa ntchito mitengo ndi zomera zowuma kuphika chakudya chake ndikudziyatsa kutentha nthawi yozizira. Izi zidali zachilengedwe chifukwa sizinasinthe mphamvu, zachilengedwe komanso chilengedwe. Nthawi yakusintha kwa mafakitale ndipomwe, kwaumunthu, limodzi mwamavuto omwe angayambitse kutha limayambira, popeza mzaka zingapo zapitazi, kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe kwakhala kukuwonekera kwambiri, kumangotizungulira kudziwa kuti china chake chalakwika. Kusalinganika komwe kumayambitsa sikumakhalanso kwachilengedwe, komanso kumakhudzanso chikhalidwe cha anthu, kugwiritsa ntchito chuma chathu mopitirira muyeso kudzakhala chiwonongeko chathu, tsopano munthu ngati mtundu akukumana ndi zovuta kwambiri, gwero la mphamvu zomwe timakhulupirira kukhala opanda malire tsopano Ili ndi zaka zochepa kuti zithe. Zomwe zimatchedwa mphamvu zakufa zakale zimalowa munthawi yakusowa, zomwe zingayambitse, monga zikuyembekezeredwa, imodzi mwamavuto azachuma masiku ano. Dziko lonse lapansi, makamaka mayiko osauka, lidzakumana ndi masoka angapo, mitengo yazogulitsa idzakwera mosayembekezereka ndipo dziko lapansi lidzavutika ndi njala yowononga kwambiri. Dongosolo lazachuma lomwe likulamulira mayiko ambiri pamapeto pake ndi lomwe liziyambitsa mavutowa, lili ngati nyumba yamakhadi yomwe idzagwa posachedwa. Chifukwa cha kudalirana kwa mayiko komwe kumagwirizanitsa dziko lirilonse ndi dziko lonse lapansi, onse adzagwidwa mwanjira ina kapena ina ndipo ena mwamphamvu kuposa ena. Ndikofunikira kuti dziko kapena dziko likhazikitse mfundo zakanthawi yayitali zamagetsi zomwe zimawamasula kuti asamadalire mafuta, makamaka mafuta. Magwero osagwirizana amagetsi amathandiza kwambiri. Pali mphamvu zambiri padziko lathuli, mphamvu ya dzuwa yokha imatulutsa mphamvu 15 yomwe timadya tsiku limodzi. Gwero la mphamvuzi ndi zina zambiri monga mphepo, nyanja zam'madzi ndi biomass zitha kukhala yankho ku tsoka ili. Koma popanda ndondomeko zomveka, sizingayembekezeredwe zambiri.Mwachitsanzo, Brazil, imakhudza 50% yamagetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, makamaka biofuels. Dziko la Brazil lakhala likumvetsetsa kale kuti dziko litha kuchita bwino pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu zachilengedwe komanso zongowonjezwdwa m'njira yoyenera. Ndizodabwitsa kuti pafupifupi 90% yamagetsi amachokera ku mafuta, 7% kuchokera ku mphamvu ya nyukiliya ndikuti 3% yokha ndiyokhazikitsidwa ndi mphamvu zosapitsidwanso, chifukwa sizikhala zodabwitsa kwa amalonda ambiri amafuta, popeza magwero a Mphamvu zosagwirizana sipanga phindu lalikulu, monganso mafuta.