Biomethane

biomethane

Monga momwe munthu amafunira magwero amagetsi omwe amatha kupitsidwanso ntchito ngati njira ina mafuta, biofuels anabadwa. Chimodzi mwa izo ndi biomethane. Biomethane imachokera ku biogas, yomwe imapezeka chifukwa cha magawo angapo. Komabe, kuti mugwiritse ntchito biogas iyi, iyenera kuyeretsedwa. Umu ndi momwe biomethane amabadwira.

Apa tikukuwuzani zonse za biofuel iyi.

Kodi biomethane ndi chiyani ndipo imapangidwa bwanji

kupanga biogas

Ndikofunikira kusanthula kufunikira kwa magwero ena amagetsi ku mphamvu zosapitsidwanso, popeza Kuwonongeka kwa mpweya kukukulitsa mavuto akusintha kwanyengo. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono tiyenera kupita kusinthidwe kwa magetsi komwe magwero amagetsi amachokera kosiyanasiyana ndipo timapeza kuphatikiza kokwanira komwe mphamvu zowonjezekanso zimakhala zofunikira kwambiri.

El biogas Ndi yomwe imapangidwa kuchokera kumagawo osiyanasiyana azamoyo. Titha kuziwona zikupanga zotsalira zaulimi monga mbewu zapakatikati, manyowa, udzu, ndi zina zambiri. Amapangidwanso mumtsinje wa zimbudzi ndi zinyalala zina, zonse zoweta ndi mafakitale. Ndizodziwika bwino kuti kupanga biogas kumakhala ndi zinyalala zambiri zoyendetsedwa bwino. M'malo otayira nyumbazi amayesa kuyika magawo osiyanasiyana kuti aike zonyansazo ndipo mapaipi amamangidwa kuti abwezeretse mpweya womwe umapangidwa pakuwonongeka kwa zinyalalazo. Mpweyawu umatchedwa biogas.

Komabe, biogas iyi singagwiritsidwe ntchito momwe imapangidwira, koma iyenera kuyeretsedwa kaye. Tiyeni tiwone komwe chiyambi cha biogas kuti tidziwe komwe biomethane imachokera. Kupanga kwa biogas kumapangidwa chifukwa cha chimbudzi cha anaerobic. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, pakalibe mpweya. Pali mabakiteriya ambiri omwe amachita zinthu zowononga chilengedwe ndipo safuna mpweya kuti atero. Kudzera mu njirayi mpweya woyamba wamphamvu wosachiritsidwa umatuluka.

Mpweya uwu uli pakati pa 50 ndi 75% methane ndi CO2 yonse ndi pang'ono nthunzi ya madzi, nayitrogeni, oksijeni, ndi haidrojeni sulfide. Mpweya woyambirira womwe wapangidwayo umatha kutulutsa mpweya waung'ono womwe uli nawo kuphatikiza tizigawo ting'onoting'ono tomwe timatha kupanga kutentha ndi magetsi.

Komabe, kuti mugwiritse ntchito biogas mwanjira iliyonse, monga jekeseni wake wamaukonde achilengedwe kapena kuigwiritsa ntchito ngati mafuta m'galimoto, ndikofunikira kuti muyeretsedwe kale. Njirayi imaphatikizapo kuchotsa kaboni dayokisaidi momwe amapangidwira, kotero kuti mpweya wambiri ndi methane. Kwambiri Nthawi zambiri, gasi wopukutidwa amakhala ndi 96% methane ndipo amakwaniritsa miyezo ina yogwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kuti ndi mpweya wachilengedwe.

Kuyambira pomwe mpweya umapangidwa, umatchedwa kale biomethane.

Ntchito ndi kukhazikika

galimoto yokhala ndi biomethane

Monga tanenera kale, biomethane ndi njira ina yowonjezeredwa yopangira mafuta. Kapangidwe kake ndi mphamvu zamagetsi ndizofanana kwambiri ndi gasi lachilengedwe. Chifukwa chake, ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pazolinga zomwezo. Biomethane itha kubayidwa m'magulu amagetsi ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gasi lachilengedwe mosiyanasiyana kapena ngati mafuta m'galimoto.

Kupanga kwa mpweyawu ndikosatha, popeza amagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zosiyanasiyana zopangira. Izi zimapangitsa mawonekedwe awo azachilengedwe kukhala osiyanasiyana, koma amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino kuposa mafuta. Pa nthawi yopanga palibe zodetsa ndipo, ngakhale tikamagwiritsa ntchito pali, zonse zimakhala zochepa kwambiri ngati timagwiritsa ntchito mpweya wachilengedwe wamba. Kuphatikiza apo, biomethane imapitsidwanso pakapita nthawi.

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mafinya, monga feteleza ndi kukonza nthaka, ndalama zambiri pamtengo wopangira feteleza wina zimapezeka. Mwanjira imeneyi, timapewa mpweya woipa womwe umakhudzana ndi kupanga. Timabwereranso pamalingaliro asanafike, kuchuluka kwa mpweya ndikotsika. Kuti ndikupatseni lingaliro, akuti akugwiritsa ntchito kugaya m'malo mwa feteleza wamafuta Mpweya pa tonne ukhoza kuchepetsedwa mpaka 13 kg ya CO2.

Ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito kwake

kupanga biomethane

Monga tawonera pano, biomethane ndi njira ina yabwino yopangira mphamvu kwa omwe sangapitsidwenso. Pali zabwino zingapo zomwe mpweyawu umapereka. Makamaka, imodzi mwazinthu izi ndikuti ndi chinthu chofunikira kuchokera pamalonda. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zomwe zilipo kale zamafuta achilengedwe popanda kupanga yatsopano. Asayansi amati awo luso kuyeretsa ndi ovomerezeka kwathunthu ndi zisathe.

Ponena za ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito, imathandizira kukwaniritsa zolinga zanyengo popeza imachepetsa mpweya wonse wa CO2. Izi zimabweretsa kusintha kwa mpweya komanso zimapatsa mphamvu kudziyimira pawokha. Ndi ufulu wodziyimira pawokha sitiyenera kudalira kugula mphamvu kumaiko ena chifukwa ndiomwe timatha kudzipangira tokha.

Ubwino wina ndi ntchito zomwe zimatulutsa panthawiyo Kupanga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito biomethane m'malo olimapo komanso ndi mafuta owonjezera mphamvu.

Kodi biomethane amapangidwa bwanji ku Europe

Pali mayiko 15 a European Union omwe amapanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito biomethane. Zambiri mwa biomethane izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga kutentha ndi magetsi. Kugwiritsa ntchito mayendedwe ndikofunikira kwambiri ndikupanga malo ambiri m'misika. Mwachitsanzo, ku Sweden timapeza biomethane ngati mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuposa gasi. Germany ikuwonjezeranso kugwiritsa ntchito mpweyawu pazaka zambiri.

Akuyerekeza kuti, pofika 2020, kuchuluka kwa ma biogas opindulitsa kudzakhala kwakukulu kuposa ma cubic metres biliyoni 14, omwe ndi ofanana ndi mpweya wachilengedwe. Voliyumu ya biomethane iyi siyikhala ndi vuto lililonse kumunda komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga chakudya ndi chakudya. Potembenuza mbewu ndikusinthanso zakudya m'chilengedwe, zokolola zimachita bwino chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito chakudya.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za biomethane ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.