Biogas amapangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zotsalira za mbewu

Mpendadzuwa wa ku Mexico womwe umapangidwa ndi biogas

Lero pali njira zingapo zopangira mphamvu kudzera mukuwononga mitundu yonse. Kugwiritsa ntchito zinyalala monga zida zopangira mphamvu ndi njira yabwino yopulumutsira pazinthu zopangira ndikuthandizira kuthetsa kudalira mafuta.

Mpendadzuwa wa ku Mexico amawerengedwa kuti ndi chomera cholanda m'malo osiyanasiyana ku Africa, Australia, ndi zilumba zina ku Pacific Ocean. Ofufuza ochokera kumayunivesite awiri aku Nigeria akhala akuchita kafukufuku yemwe amalimbikitsa Kupanga biogas ndikuwongolera bwino kuchokera ku ndowe za nkhuku ndi mpendadzuwa wowononga.

Pangani biogas ndikuwonjezera kuchita bwino

gwiritsani ntchito ndowe za nkhuku

Kupanga biogas kuchokera ku ndowe za nkhuku zaku Mexico ndi mpendadzuwa ndi lingaliro labwino, popeza timakhala ndi mavuto akulu awiri: chithandizo chatsalira cha zotsalira zaulimi ndikuwopseza mitundu yachilengedwe yomwe imayambitsidwa ndi mpendadzuwa waku Mexico. M'mbuyomu, ku Nigeria ndi China, kafukufuku adachitika kuti agwiritse ntchito biogas. Lingaliro ndikuthetsa kuwukiridwa kwa chomerachi m'malo momwe chimasunthira zomera zakomweko popeza ofufuza onse aku yunivesite komanso gulu lapadera la IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) pazinthu zowopsa zimanena kuti mpendadzuwa ndi owopsa kwambiri madera achilengedwe.

Nigeria ndi amodzi mwamayiko omwe akhudzidwa kwambiri ndi chomera ichi ndichifukwa chake samasiya kufunafuna njira zina kuti athetse kukula kwake. Kuphatikiza apo, sikuti amangoyesa kuthetsa chomerachi komanso amayesa kugwiritsa ntchito zinyalala zake. Kafukufuku wochitidwa ndi mayunivesite a Landmark and Covenant, wofalitsidwa munyuzipepalayi Mphamvu & Mafuta, akuwonetsa kuti zotsalira za mpendadzuwa ndizothandiza kwambiri pakupanga biogas. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha kusungunuka kwa mpendadzuwa waku Mexico ndi zotsalira zaulimi wa nkhuku ndimankhwala am'mbuyomu.

Kuchita bwino kwakukulu ndi chithandizo chamankhwala chisanachitike

mbadwo wa biogas wokhala ndi chithandizo chamankhwala chisanachitike

Pali njira zambiri zopangira biogas. Biogas itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kutulutsa mphamvu popeza ili ndi phindu lalikulu kwambiri. Kafukufukuyu adafufuziranso za zinyalala za nkhuku ndi zotsalira za mpendadzuwa waku Mexico kuti onjezerani zokolola pakupanga biogas zopitilira 50%. Zotsatira zomaliza za kafukufukuyu zikuwonetsa kuwonjezeka kwa 54,44% mu zokolola za biogas zomwe zidachokera pakuyesera komwe mankhwala am'mbuyomu adachitika ndipo amafanizidwa ndi omwe anali asanalandiridwepo kale.

Kuti mudziwe ngati kuyenerera kumakhudza mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchipatala chisanachitike, mphamvu zamagetsi zimachitika. Pakuyerekeza kwa mphamvu, mphamvu yomwe imalowa mthupi imaphunziridwa, komanso zomwe zimafunikira pazinthu zonse zopangira biogas, ndipo mphamvu yomwe imasiya ntchitoyi imayesedwa. Mwanjira imeneyi, muli ndi mphamvu zowongolera ndikupanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu nthawi zonse.

Mukulimbitsa mphamvu komwe kumachitika, zidawonedwa kuti mphamvu zonse zinali zabwino komanso zokwanira kulipirira mokwanira mphamvu zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira mankhwala a thermo-alkaline.

Kumbukirani kuti zitosi za nkhuku zitha kukhala nazo michere, mahomoni, maantibayotiki ndi zitsulo zolemera zomwe zimasungunuka m'nthaka ndi m'madzi. Zonsezi zitha kuipitsa dothi komanso madzi omwe amatulutsidwa. Ichi ndichifukwa chake kugwiritsa ntchito zimbudzi izi popanga biogas ndizoyenera, ngakhale zikuwoneka kuti pazokha sizopindulitsa kuzisintha kukhala biogas. Kuti zitheke bwino, zimayenera kusakanizidwa ndi zopangira masamba monga mpendadzuwa waku Mexico.

Pomaliza, palinso mbewu zina zowononga m'maiko ena monga Mexico kapena Taiwan momwe akukonzekera kuzisintha kukhala biofuels monga ethanol ndipo akugwiritsidwanso ntchito kuphunzira kugwiritsa ntchito biomethane.

 

 

 


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