Chilichonse chomwe muyenera kudziwa za bioethanol

Mafuta obiriwira

Pali mafuta omwe amapangidwa kuchokera ku zotsalira zapadziko lapansi lathu ndipo chifukwa chake, amawerengedwa kuti ndi mafuta kapena mafuta osinthika. Poterepa, tikambirana za bioethanol.

Bioethanol ndi biofuel wosiyanasiyana kuti, mosiyana ndi mafuta, si mafuta akale omwe adatenga zaka mamiliyoni ambiri kuti apange. Ndi za mafuta achilengedwe omwe amatha kusintha m'malo mwa mafuta ngati magetsi. Ngati mukufuna kuphunzira zonse zokhudzana ndi bioethanol, pitirizani kuwerenga 🙂

Ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito biofuel

zopangira bioethanol

Kugwiritsa ntchito biofuels kuli ndi cholinga chimodzi chachikulu: kuchepetsa mpweya wotenthetsa mpweya mumlengalenga. Mpweya wowonjezera kutentha umatha kusungabe kutentha m'mlengalenga ndikuwonjezera kutentha kwapadziko lapansi. Chodabwitsachi chikuyambitsa kusintha kwanyengo padziko lonse lapansi ndi zoyipa zazikulu.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa munthu sikungapeweke. Komabe, mphamvuyi imatha zimachokera kuzinthu zowonjezeredwa komanso zoyera. Poterepa, bioethanol imagwira ntchito ngati mafuta othandizira mayendedwe othandizira kuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha womwe ukupangitsa kutentha kwanyengo.

Kumbali inayi, momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito ndiyosangalatsanso chifukwa sikuti imangochepetsa mpweya womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito, komanso imachepetsa kugula kwina. Bioethanol ikagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mafuta, tikuthandizira kukulitsa ntchito zaulimi ndi mafakitale, kukulitsa kudzidalira kwa dziko lathu. Ndipo ndikuti ku Spain tili ndi kampani yoyamba yopanga upangiri yomwe idapangidwa kuti ipange bioethanol ku Europe.

Kupeza njira

Kukonzekera kwa bioethanol muma laboratories

Bioethanol, monga tanenera kale, imayendetsa ntchito zaulimi ndi mafakitale popeza zimapezeka nayonso mphamvu ya organic ndi biomass yomwe ili ndi chakudya chambiri (shuga, makamaka). Zopangira izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala: chimanga, zakudya zokhala ndi wowuma, mbewu za nzimbe ndi pomace.

Kutengera mtundu wa zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga bioethanol, zopangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zingapo zimatha kupangidwa kuti zizigulitsa chakudya ndi mphamvu zamagetsi (chifukwa chake zimatha kuyendetsa magulu opanga izi). Bioethanol imadziwikanso kuti bioalcohol.

Ndi chiyani?

Kugwiritsa ntchito bioethanol potenthetsa m'nyumba

Kugwiritsa ntchito bioethanol potenthetsa m'nyumba

Ntchito yake yayikulu ndikulowetsa mafuta m'malo mwake. Nthawi zambiri amatchedwa mafuta obiriwira chifukwa chochepetsa kuchepa kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha. Nthawi zambiri amalowetsedwa m'malo ndi mafuta popeza amadziwika ndi kukhala ndi nambala yayikulu ya octane. Pofuna kupewa kusintha kwa injini yamagalimoto komanso kuti sikuvutika, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito bioethanol yokhala ndi mafuta 20%. Mwanjira iyi, nthawi iliyonse tikasowa malita khumi a mafuta, mwachitsanzo, titha kugwiritsa ntchito malita asanu ndi atatu a bioethanol ndi malita awiri okha a mafuta.

Ngakhale ili ndi mtengo wochepa kwambiri wamafuta kuposa mafuta, imagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi kukulitsa nambala ya octane. Kukwera kwa mafuta octane kumawonjezera kuyendetsa bwino, komanso kumawongolera kuyendetsa bwino. Chifukwa chake, mafuta a octane 98 ndi okwera mtengo kuposa mafuta okwana 95 octane.

Bioethanol imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mafuta ku Brazil, komwe kuthekera kokuwonjezera mafuta m'malo opangira mafuta ndikofala. Mafutawa samangogwiritsa ntchito poyendetsa, komanso Amagwiritsidwa ntchito potenthetsa komanso kugwiritsira ntchito nyumba.

Zowononga chilengedwe

Chomera chopangira Bioethanol

Ngakhale amanenedwa kuti ndi biofuel kapena mafuta obiriwira, zomwe zimakhudza chilengedwe zimabweretsa mikangano pakati pa omwe amalimbikitsa komanso kutsutsa. Ngakhale kuyaka kwa ethanol kumabweretsa kutsika kotsika kwa CO2 poyerekeza ndi mafuta ochokera ku mafuta, bioethanol yomwe ipangidwe imakhudza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwamagetsi.

Kudya bioethanol m'galimoto yanu sizitanthauza kuti mulibe mpweya, koma kuti ndiotsika. Komabe, kuti apange mphamvu ya bioethanol imafunikanso, chifukwa chake mpweya umapangidwanso. Pali maphunziro omwe amasanthula kubwerera kwa mphamvu yamagetsi (ERR) ya bioethanol. Ndiye kuti, kuchuluka kwa mphamvu komwe kumafunikira pakupanga kwake poyerekeza ndi mphamvu yomwe imatha kupanga panthawi yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Ngati kusiyana kuli kopindulitsa ndipo kuyerekezera ndi mpweya wathunthu, bioethanol imatha kuonedwa ngati mafuta osawononga chilengedwe.

Bioethanol itha kuthandizanso mitengo ya chakudya ndi kudula mitengo mwachisawawa, chifukwa zimatengera kwathunthu mbewu zomwe tatchulazi. Ngati mtengo wa bioethanol ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri, mitengo ya chakudya chomwe imanyamula ikhalanso.

Ntchito yopanga

Kupanga bioethanol yamagesi ndi zoyendera

Tidzawona sitepe ndi sitepe momwe bioethanol imapangidwira mu chomera. Kutengera mtundu wa zopangira zomwe agwiritsa ntchito, kapangidwe kake kamasiyana. Njira zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi izi:

  • Kutsekemera. Pochita izi, madzi amawonjezeredwa kuti asinthe shuga wofunikira pakasakaniza kapena mowa womwe umatulutsidwa. Gawo ili ndilofunikira kuti tipewe kuletsa kukula kwa yisiti panthawi yamafuta.
  • Kutembenuka. Pochita izi, wowuma kapena mapadi omwe amapezeka muzosaphika amasandulika shuga wokhoza. Kuti izi zichitike, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chimera kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala omwe amatchedwa acid hydrolysis.
  • Kutentha. Ili ndiye gawo lomaliza la kupanga bioethanol. Ndi njira ya anaerobic yomwe yisiti (yomwe imakhala ndi enzyme yotchedwa invertase yomwe imagwira ntchito ngati chothandizira) imathandizira kusintha shuga kukhala glucose ndi fructose. Izi, zimathandizanso ndi enzyme ina yotchedwa Zymase ndipo ethanol ndi carbon dioxide amapangidwa.

Ubwino wa bioethanol

galimoto yokhala ndi bioethanol ngati mafuta

Ubwino wofunikira kwambiri ndikuti ndi chinthu chosinthika, kotero palibe nkhawa zakutopa ndi tsogolo lanu. Kuphatikiza apo, zimathandizira kutsika kwa mafuta kwakanthawi pano komanso kudalira kocheperako.

Ilinso ndi maubwino ena monga:

  • Kuwononga pang'ono kuposa mafuta.
  • Ukadaulo womwe umafunikira pakupanga kwake ndiosavuta, kotero dziko lililonse padziko lapansi lingathe kukulitsa.
  • Zimayaka zotsukira, zimatulutsa mwaye wocheperako komanso CO2 yocheperako.
  • Imakhala ngati mankhwala oletsa kuzizira pama injini, ndichifukwa chake imathandizira kuyambitsa makina ozizira, komanso kupewa kuzizira.

Bioethanol iyenera kusinthidwa pang'ono pang'ono kukhala mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi kuti achepetse kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta ndi kudalira kwake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.