Bwezeretsani mababu owala

mababu ogwiritsidwa ntchito

Mababu oyatsira magetsi ndizowonongeka m'nyumba zonse. Kubwezeretsanso mababu si nkhani yophweka. Mtundu uliwonse wa babu umagwiritsidwanso ntchito mosiyanasiyana, makamaka mababu ena samapangidwanso. Pali anthu ambiri omwe sakudziwa bwanji akonzanso mababu kapena zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa nawo.

Chifukwa chake, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zamomwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mababu amagetsi ndi mawonekedwe ake.

Bwezeretsani mababu omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito

akonzanso mababu

Ngakhale zikuwoneka zachilendo, monga tidanenera koyambirira, si mababu onse omwe amatha kupanganso zobwezerezedwanso. Nyali za Halogen ndi mababu osakanikirana siziphatikizidwa mu WEEE, yomwe Ndi lamulo lomwe limayang'anira kasamalidwe koyenera ka zonyansa zamagetsi ndi zamagetsi.

Chifukwa chake, titha kukonzanso mababu a fulorosenti, kutulutsa mababu, ndi ma LED. Tikhozanso kukonzanso nyali. Mbali inayi, mababu a halogen ndi incandescent samapangidwanso. Ngakhale, monga momwe muwonera mtsogolo, atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zosangalatsa za DIY. Izi zitengera mtundu wa mababu omwe tikufuna kutaya, chifukwa kasamalidwe ka mababu a CFL (osagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri) Ndizosiyana kwambiri ndi kuyang'anira mababu a LED. Simuyenera kuchita kuponyera babu muchidebe chagalasi.

Mitundu ya mababu

momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mababu amagetsi

Pali mitundu ingapo yama mababu oyatsa ndipo kutengera mtundu wawo, mbali zina ziyenera kuganiziridwa. Tiyeni tiwone zomwe ali:

  • Mababu a filament: Popeza mitundu iyi ya zinthu zowunikira, monga nyali za halogen, sizingagwiritsidwenso ntchito, tiyenera kuzitaya mumitsuko yobiriwira kapena yakuda (kutengera anthu). Mu chidebe chotayikachi, chomwe chimatchedwanso gawo lotsala, zinthu zomwe zilibe chidebe chawo chobwezeretsanso zimatayidwa.
  • Kupulumutsa magetsi kapena mababu a fulorosenti: Mtundu wa babuwu umakhala ndi mercury, chifukwa chake sungathe kutayidwa mu zinyalala kapena chilichonse chobwezeretsanso. Ndikofunika kuwatengera kumalo oyera komwe adzawataye bwino kuti adzawakonzenso pambuyo pake.
  • Mababu a LED: Mababu awa amakhala ndi zida zamagetsi zomwe zingagwiritsidwenso ntchito. Kuti athe kuthana nawo moyenera ndikofunikira kuwatengera kumalo oyeretsa ofanana.

Momwe mungabwezeretsere mababu owala mwaluso

Kugwiritsanso ntchito mwaluso, komwe kumadziwika kuti kukonzanso kukonzanso, kumaphatikizapo kusintha zinthu zomwe zatayidwa kapena zopanda ntchito kukhala zatsopano za mtengo wapamwamba kapena zachilengedwe. Sizikulimbikitsidwa kuti mugwiritse ntchito mababu a fulorosenti muzinthu zoterezi, chifukwa zimakhala ndi mankhwala oopsa kwambiri a mercury. Poterepa, tiwonetsa malingaliro kuti tigwiritse ntchito mababu akale opangira magetsi.

  • Mini vase: Pochotsa gawo lina la chivindikiro ndi waya wamkati, titha kugwiritsa ntchito babu ngati mphika woti tiike maluwa ang'onoang'ono. Titha kuyika maziko ake ndikukongoletsa tebulo kapena alumali, kapena ngati tiwonjezera zingwe kapena mawaya kuti tizingowapachika, tidzakhala ndi munda wowoneka bwino.
  • Odula zovala: Babu ilibe kanthu mkati, timangofunika kuyika simenti, kuyikapo cholembera ndikudikirira kuti chilimbe. Tsopano tiyenera kungoboola pakhoma ndikuyika chovala chathu. Titha kugwiritsanso ntchito kukonzanso ma hand a zitseko zamtundu uliwonse.
  • Nyali zamafuta: Monga nthawi zonse, chinthu choyamba kuchita ndikuchotsa ulusi mu babu. Kenako tiyenera kuyika mafuta kapena mowa wa nyali kapena tochi ndi kuyika chingwe.
  • Zokongoletsa Khrisimasi: Ndi mababu ochepa akale titha kupanga zokongoletsa zathu za mtengo wa Khrisimasi. Tiyenera kungozipaka ndi zomwe timakonda kwambiri ndikuwonjezera ulusi wawung'ono kuti uwapachike.
  • Zigawenga: Ndi timiyala tina ndi chomera chochepa kapena chidutswa cha moss timatha kupanga terrarium. Monga ma vase mini titha kuyika maziko kapena kuwapachika.
  • Tumizani mu bulbu: Momwemonso ngati botolo, titha kupanga sitima mkati mwa babu lathu.

Kumene amasinthidwa potengera mtundu wawo

mababu oti abwezeretsedwe

Mababu oyatsira ndi zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito magetsi kuti ziunikire nyumba yathu dzuwa likasowa. Pali mitundu ingapo yama mababu omwe amatha kusankhidwa molondola potengera mphamvu zamagetsi, kutalika kwa moyo wawo, kapena kuchuluka kwa kuwala komwe amatulutsa. Izi ndi mitundu yayikulu ya mababu omwe amapezeka:

  • ndi mababu incandescent ndi mababu achikhalidwe. Mu 2012, kupanga kwake kudaletsedwa ku EU chifukwa chakanthawi kochepa komanso kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri.
  • La babu wa halogen imatulutsa nyali yamphamvu kwambiri ndipo imayatsa nthawi yomweyo. Amatulutsa kutentha kwakukulu ndipo moyo wawo wothandiza umatha kupitilizidwa.
  • ndi Mababu opulumutsa magetsi amakhala ndi moyo wautali kuposa mababu akale ndipo ndiwothandiza kwambiri.
  • Palibe chikaiko kuti anatsogolera mababu ndizokhazikika pamsika. Alibe tungsten kapena mercury, amakhala ndi alumali lalitali kwambiri ndipo amawononga zochepa kwambiri kuposa zinthu zonse zomwe zatchulidwazi.

Mutha kuganiza kuti mababu omwe amatha kunyamula zinthu zamagalasi amalowa mumtsuko wobiriwira, koma izi sizolondola. Kuphatikiza pa galasi, babu ili ndi zinthu zina zambiri, zomwe ziyenera kupatulidwa zisanachitike. Ndiye chifukwa chake babu amayenera kutsukidwa.

Pofuna kuthandizira ntchitoyi ndikukonzanso bwino zinyalala, AMBILAMP (bungwe lopanda phindu lomwe cholinga chake ndikupanga njira zotolera zinyalala ndi chithandizo) zakhazikitsanso zina zotheka malo osungira zinyalala, komwe nzika iliyonse imatha kuzitenga ndikuzigwiritsa ntchito. Mwambiri, mfundozi zimapezeka m'makampani kapena omwe amagawa zida zapanyumba, monga malo ogulitsira, malo oyatsira magetsi kapena masitolo, komwe nzika iliyonse imatha kutenga mababu oyatsira. Makamaka, malo osonkhanitsira awa amayang'ana kwambiri pamisonkho ya magetsi a fulorosenti, nyali zopulumutsa mphamvu, zotulutsa magetsi, mababu a LED ndi nyali zakale.

Ntchito yobwezeretsanso mababu amagetsi imayamba ndikulekanitsa zida zomwe amapanga. Mercury ndi phosphorous zimagawanika pambuyo pa distillation ndikusungidwa bwino. Mapulasitiki amapita kuzomera zobwezeretsanso pulasitiki, magalasi kuzomera simenti, magalasi ndi mafakitale a ceramic, ndi zitsulo kuzitsulo zoyambira. Zonsezi zidzapereka moyo kuzinthu zatsopano.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamomwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mababu amagetsi.


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