Zowonjezeredwa zikupereka zoposa 80% zamagetsi ku Nicaragua

Mphepo Mphamvu ScotlandKupanga magetsi komwe kumapezeka magetsi ku Nicaragua ndi pafupifupi 53% ya zonse, koma chaka chino, malinga ndi Minister of Energy and Mines (MEN) Salvador Mansell, pali masiku angapo omwe magwerowa adapereka netiweki fulumira ndi 84% za mphamvu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mdziko muno.

Izi zikutanthauza, malinga ndi boma, kuthekera kwakukulu komwe dzikolo lili nako mphamvu zoyera. Unduna wa MEN udanenanso kuti m'miyezi ngati Novembala, Epulo kapena Marichi, pomwe dzikoli lili ndi mphepo yamphamvu, minda yonse yamphepo imagwira 100%, kuphatikiza pazopangira magetsi, mbadwo umafikira pafupifupi 84% ndi magwero obwezerezedwanso.

Mansell adaonjezeranso kuti "Zinthu zikafika poti zinthu zowonjezekanso zitha kupangidwa, zimaikidwa patsogolo pantchito zatsiku ndi tsiku ndipo yofunikira pakuwongolera msika. Mdziko muno tikugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri zinthu zachilengedwe ”.

Mphero za mphepo

M'malo mwake, Mansell sanatsutse kuti chaka chino pali masiku omwe zingatheke kukweza kuchuluka kopitilira 85% ya mibadwo ndi magwero oyera, ngakhale adanenetsa kuti zingapo ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa. nyengo kuti afikire mbiri yatsopanoyi. Kuphatikiza apo, mu 2017 chomera chatsopano cha ma megawatt 12 chakhazikitsidwa mu gawo la Puerto Sandino.

Mphamvu ya dzuwa

Malinga ndi boma: "Tili ndi zotenthetsera, koma ndikuthandizira, pakakhala vuto, pomwe kulibe mphepo, kulibe mvula, pali zovuta mu gawo la dzuwa, ndiye kuti tili ndi matenthedwe kubwerera kupititsa patsogolo ntchito zamagetsi kwa anthu ”.

2016 idatsekedwa pa 53% m'badwo wokhazikika ndi magwero obwezerezedwanso ndipo cholinga cha mabungwe ndikuwonjezera chiwerengerochi.

Malingaliro Padziko Lonse Lapansi

M'malo mwake, Nicaragua ikupitilizabe kukhala chitsanzo pakupanga mphamvu zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zingapangidwenso. Posachedwa, maziko a The Climate Reality Project - omwe adakhazikitsidwa mu 2006 ndi Wachiwiri Wachiwiri wa United States, Al Gore - adazindikira dzikolo ngati a mitundu itatu, limodzi ndi Sweden ndi Costa Rica, zomwe zikukhazikitsa njira yotsatirayi mdziko lonse lapansi, yomwe ndi njira yayikulu yochepetsera mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Ndipo sizochepera. 27.5% yomwe idayimira kupanga mphamvu zowonjezeredwa mu 2007, idapita ku 52% mu 2014, ndipo 53% mu 2016. Cholinga chachikulu cha Boma ndikwaniritsa 90% mu 2020, ndi ntchito zaboma, zaboma komanso zosakanikirana. Pakati pa 2007 ndi 2013 mokha, ntchito za mphepo, zotsalira zazomera, magetsi opangira magetsi ndi dzuwa zinapereka ma megawatts owonjezera 180 pagawo logawa magetsi, lomwe tsiku lililonse limafuna ma megawatts 550.

zotsalira

Mphamvu za mphepo ku Nicaragua

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, National Interconnected System (SIN) idalemba kuti mu 2016, kuchuluka kwa magetsi komwe kumapangidwanso komwe kudapezekanso kudafika 53%. Pulogalamu ya zomera zopangira mphepo anayimira 31%, zomera zotentha ndi mpweya 28.6%, zomera zamagetsi zamagetsi 26.8% ndi mphero za shuga 13.6%.

Pankhani ya mphamvu ya mphepo, ntchito zoyimilira kwambiri mdzikolo ndi Amayo I ndi II omwe ali ku department ya Rivas ndipo akuwongoleredwa ndi bungwe la Canada Amayo SA, lomwe limapanga ma megawatts pafupifupi 63

Kapangidwe ka zida za makina amphepo

Chaka chino, chopereka cha chomera cha photovoltaic yomwe ili ku Puerto Sandino, pakadali pano ndiyokhayo yomwe imatulutsa mphamvu ya dzuwa pakugawana dzikolo.

M'malo mwake, mphamvu ya dzuwa imapezeka kwambiri mdziko muno, koma koposa m'badwo wina uliwonse.

kudzidalira

Kumapeto kwa chaka chino, boma likufuna kukwaniritsa magetsi okwana 94% mderali. "Kutengera mapulani ndi njira zomwe zidapangidwa, cholinga chathu ndikuti tifikire 2021% yamagetsi pofika 99," atero a Mansell.

Kusiyanasiyana kwa magwero

Dzikoli lili ndi makina otchedwa Tumarín hydroelectric macroproject, omwe akukonzedwa kumwera kwa Caribbean ku Nicaragua, malinga ndi ziwonetsero ipereka megawatts 253, ikangoyamba kugwira ntchito kumapeto kwa 2019.

A César Zamora, oyang'anira mdziko la kampani yamagetsi IC Power, adatinso kudzipereka kwa Nicaragua ku mphamvu yoyera adatulukira ngati yankho pamavuto a kusowa kwamagetsi komwe dziko limakumana nako 2007 isanachitike.

"Lamulo lolimbikitsa kupititsa patsogolo magetsi m'magetsi ndi Zowonjezeredwa lidafunsidwa ndipo Boma latsopano (2007, Daniel Ortega) lidayamba zokambirana ndi nthumwi za gawo lamagetsi ndi Cosep (Superior Council of Private Enterprise) kuti akonzekere momwe angatulukire mavuto amenewo, ”adakumbukira.

Zamora adanena kuti zitha kutheka kulowetsa ma megawatts 180 amagetsi amphepo mumanetiwewa, ma megawatts 70 a mphamvu ya geothermal kuchokera kumalo ovuta a San Jacinto-Tizate, ma megawati 50 a magetsi opangira magetsi Larreynaga (state), Hidropantasma ndi El Diamante, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito Disembala watha, pomwe ili zotsalira Chomera chokhala ndi megawatts 30 ndi mphero za shuga za Santa Rosa ndi San Antonio, chomwe chili ndi ma megawatts 80 pakati pa ziwirizi, chayamba kugwira ntchito.

Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Nicaragua

Makampani akunja

Kwa a Jahosca López, wogwirizira ofesi ya Nicaragua Renewable Association, kuchuluka kwakukulu mderali chifukwa cha mfundo zomwe Boma likulimbikitsa kulimbikitsa ndalama zakudziko ndi zakunja, makamaka Lamulo Lopititsa patsogolo Kupanga Magetsi ndi Zowonjezera Zowonjezera.

Mu Juni 2015, lamulo lidasinthidwa ndi Nyumba Yamalamulo kuti iwonjezere zolimbikitsa zantchito zatsopano zamagetsi kwa zaka zitatu zina.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe aphunguwo adapereka pamwambowu ndikuti pomwe dziko limasintha mphamvu zamagetsi ndalama zamagetsi zimachepetsedwa.

Wogwirizanitsa adanenanso kuti chitukuko chaukadaulo chakhudza, zomwe zalola kukhazikitsidwa ndi kukhazikitsa ntchito mu zosavuta, Kuphatikiza pakulimbikitsa chitukuko cha madera ena okhala ndi chidwi chachilengedwe.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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