Zotsatira za mafuta

Mwa mafuta mutha kutulutsa zinthu zingapo zomwe timazigwiritsa ntchito pamoyo wathu watsiku ndi tsiku. Zogulitsa zambiri Zotsatira za mafuta ndi omwe amachokera ku ma hydrocarboni ndipo amawakonza m'malo oyeretsera. Zogulitsazi nthawi zambiri zimasokonezedwa ndi ma petrochemicals, omwe ndi mankhwala osakanikirana, pomwe omwe amachokera ku mafuta ndi osakanikirana kwambiri.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zazomwe zimachokera ku mafuta.

Kodi mafuta ochokera ku petroleum ndi ati?

mafuta ochokera ku mafuta

Amachiza zinthu kuchokera ku ma hydrocarboni omwe amakonzedwa m'malo oyeretsera. Pali chosowa cha mafuta amafuta omwe zinthu zina zingapangidwenso. Izi ndizomwe zimayendera kuchokera ku petulo kupita ku mafuta. Mafuta ambiri omwe amapangidwa kuchokera ku petroleum amatha kuphatikizidwa kuti apeze mafuta, dizilo, mafuta amafuta kapena mafuta otenthetsera.

Zotengera zina zamafuta zolemera kwambiri nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga phula, parafini, mafuta, phula ndi mafuta ena olemera kwambiri. Zida zamagetsi zimatha kupangidwa m'malo ambiri oyeretsera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira zida zapulasitiki ndi zinthu zina zomwe anthu amagwiritsa ntchito. Mwachitsanzo, petroleum coke ndichinthu chogulitsidwa chomwe chimapangidwa m'malo opangira zoyengera.

Ngakhale pali mafuta osiyanasiyana, mafuta ambiri omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira magetsi komanso kupanga magetsi kapena phula. Phula ndi lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga misewu. Petroli itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati chinthu chopangira cha pangani zopangira, mapulasitiki ndi mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamoyo wathu watsiku ndi tsiku.

Monga chonyansa pambuyo poti mafuta ayengedwa, zotsalira zina zimapangidwa zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthu zina. Akuyerekeza kuti pali zinthu zoposa 6.000 zomwe zitha kupangidwa ndi zinyalala zotsukira. Chofala kwambiri ndi feteleza, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, mafuta odzola mafuta, sopo, linoleum, mafuta onunkhira, makapisozi a vitamini, ndi zina zambiri. Monga mukuwonera, mafuta akuyesera kuti apindule kwambiri.

Amadziwika kuti mafuta mbiya mphamvu malita 150. Mbiya ya mafuta imatha kupanga mpaka malita 75 a mafuta. Mbiya yotsalayo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga zinthu mazana ambiri za tsiku ndi tsiku. Zina mwazofala kwambiri ndi inki, kupukutira misomali, zitseko, mankhwala otsukira mano, matelefoni, makamera, mapulasitiki, zotsekemera, mankhwala opha tizilombo komanso mitundu.

Ambiri ntchito mankhwala mafuta

fakitale yochokera ku mafuta

Tikuwunika zomwe ndi mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri.

Phula

Phula ndi madzi okwanira, akuda, owoneka bwino. Titha kunena kuti ndiye mafuta olimba kwambiri omwe alipo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pakupanga ma portfolio. Phula Angagwiritsidwenso ntchito denga kumatira. Izi ndichifukwa choti ndichinthu chomwe chimatha kukonzedwa mosavuta ndipo sichimalola kuti madzi alowemo.

Zingwe zopangira

Zomwe zimapangidwa ndimafuta ochokera ku petroleum ndizofala kwambiri. Zina mwazambiri zomwe timapeza polyester, nayiloni, opepuka ndi akiliriki. Kuipa kwa ulusiwu ndikuti zimaipitsa chilengedwe. Zina mwa tinthu ting'onoting'ono timeneti timakhala m'chilengedwe ndipo zimathera m'nyanja, kuwononga chilengedwe cha m'madzi. Pali asayansi ambiri omwe akuyesera kupanga ulusi kuchokera kuzinthu zobwezerezedwanso ndi zopangira mafuta.

Sungani

Propane imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mafuta mbaula ya kukhitchini, ma motors ndi kutentha kwapakati. Propane imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati biofuel. Amapangidwa kuchokera ku kukonza kwa gasi ndi kuyeretsa mafuta. Pokhala chochokera, sichingagwiritsidwe ntchito mosavuta kuwonjezera kufunikira. Ndiye kuti, propane siyimapangidwa mwaufulu, koma ndichopangidwa ndi chopangira mafuta. Amatha kunyamulidwa muzitsulo zazitsulo.

Zotsukira

Ngakhale pali njira zina zopangira zotsukira, iyi ndiye yachangu kwambiri. Ndizopindulitsa kwambiri kupanga zotsekemera ndi mafuta. Ndizopangira zokhazokha ndipo zimakhala ndi zotsatirapo zake amatha kuyambitsa maso, mapapu, chifuwa cha khungu ndi mphumu. Kafukufuku wina akuti amatha kukhala ndi khansa. Amayipitsanso madzi omwe akuwononga zomera ndi zinyama.

Pulasitiki

Pulasitiki ndi mafuta ochokera ku mafuta opambana. Ambiri apulasitiki amapangidwa motere. Ngakhale sangawonongeke, mapulasitiki amatha kupangidwa mosavuta komanso wotsika mtengo. Amagonjetsedwa ndi madzi ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyanasiyana. Ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu kwambiri zoyambitsa kuipitsa padziko lonse lapansi.

Mavitamini owonjezera

Ndani ankadziwa kuti mavitamini ambiri amapangidwa ndi mavitamini omwe amapangidwa kuchokera ku mafuta m'mazomera. Makampani amapanga mavitamini awa okhala ndi mafuta ochokera ku mafuta chifukwa ndiotsika mtengo poyerekeza ndi zinthu zachilengedwe. Ambiri mwa mavitamini awa Amakhala ndi vitamini A, vitamini B6, ndi vitamini B9.

Mafuta onunkhira ochokera ku mafuta

Mafuta onunkhira ochokera ku mafuta

Mafuta onunkhirawa amapangidwa ndi kuphatikiza kwa mafuta onunkhira ofunikira komanso zosungunulira ndikukonzekera mankhwala onunkhira. Ena ndi petroleum ether, toluene, benzene, ndi hexane. Ntchito yomalizayi ikamalizidwa, zosungunulira nthawi zambiri zimasanduka nthunzi ndipo zimasiya chinthu cholimba. Izi zimatsukidwa ndi ethanol kuti apange mafuta onunkhira.

Feteleza

Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri zamafuta ndikupanga ammonia yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito ngati feteleza waulimi. Manyowawa nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachilengedwe kudzera munjira zachilengedwe komanso ndi manyowa. Tsoka ilo, ulimi masiku ano ukusowa mankhwala opangira mankhwala opangidwa kuchokera ku mafuta ochokera ku mafuta kuti mbewu zizitha kukula mosasinthasintha komanso moyenera. Vuto ndiloti amaipitsa madzi ndi dothi.

Monga mukuwonera, popanda mafuta, anthu sangakhale ndi zinthu zambiri zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku. Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamafuta ochokera ku mafuta.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.