Spain iyenera kuyika ndalama zamagalimoto zamagetsi kutsatira EU

magalimoto amagetsi kuti akwaniritse zolinga za EU

Kusintha kwanyengo kukuchititsa kuwonjezeka kwa kutentha kwapadziko lonse m'njira yoti zachilengedwe ndi zinthu zomwe tili nazo pano, sizingatheke. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha posachedwa pewani kutentha kwapadziko lonse kukwera ndi madigiri awiri, monga asayansi atsimikizira.

Njira imodzi yochepetsera mpweya wowonjezera kutentha ndi kudzera mumagalimoto amagetsi. Tikafufuza zomwe zimatulutsa mpweya ku Spain, tiona kuti magalimoto ndi zoyendera ndizofunikira kwambiri. Kodi zingatenge magalimoto angati ku Spain kuti akwaniritse zomwe decarbonisation ikufunika kwa European Union ya 2050?

Kuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha

Spain iyenera kuchepetsa kuipitsa kudzera mumagalimoto amagetsi

European Union yakhazikitsa madandaulo pakati pa zaka zana lino. Kuti akwaniritse izi, Spain ikuyenera kuchepetsa mpweya wake wa CO2 mwachangu momwe zingathere. Chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu kwambiri zotulutsa mpweya ndi magalimoto ndi mayendedwe. Ichi ndichifukwa chake, kuti akwaniritse zolinga zoyikiridwa ndi EU, Spain ingafune magalimoto amagetsi 300.000 ndi malo 11.000 amagetsi kapena malo opangira ma 2020.

Chiwerengerochi chaperekedwa mu lipoti lotchedwa "Mtundu wonyamula katundu waku Spain ku 2050"ku Madrid. Ntchitoyi idakonzedwa ndi a Monitor Deloitte ndipo akhala akuwunika pakuwongolera kusintha kwa mayendedwe apaulendo pamsewu, kuphatikiza kupititsa patsogolo magalimoto oyipitsa. Chomalizachi ndichinthu chofunikira komanso chofunikira ngati zolinga zokhazikitsidwa ndi EU zikwaniritsidwa, popeza ku Spain, magalimoto amagetsi 6.500 okha ndi omwe amafalitsidwa mu 2015 mwa 300.000 omwe amafunikira.

Ndalama ndi msika wamagalimoto amagetsi

kulipiritsa malo magalimoto amagetsi

Spain ili ndi chiwerengero chofanana ndi msika wamsika wamagalimoto amagetsi 0,2%, pansi pamayiko ena aku Europe monga Norway (23%) kapena Netherlands (10%). Kufulumira kwakuchulukitsa kuchuluka kwamagalimoto amagetsi omwe akuyenda kumakhala zomwe tatchulazi; magalimoto pagalimoto ndi omwe amapanga mpweya wabwino kwambiri ndipo ndi omwe amatsalira kwambiri potengera mfundo za decarbonisation.

Pakadali pano, gawoli likuyang'anira 24% ya mpweya wowonjezera kutentha ku Spain - pafupifupi matani 80 miliyoni -, omwe ambiri mwa iwo, 66% ikufanana ndi kusamutsidwa kwa okwera pamsewu, pomwe 28% ndiogulitsa. Kuti akwaniritse zolinga za EU, Spain iyenera kuchepetsa kutulutsa kwa mpweya ndi 80 ndi 90% poyerekeza ndi za 1990.

Kuti magalimoto ochuluka chonchi azigwiritsidwa ntchito, zikufunika kuti pakhale ndalama pakati pa 6.000 ndi 11.000 miliyoni za euro pakati pano mpaka 2030. Ndi ndalamazi, mfundo ndi chitukuko chaukadaulo zitha kutsogola posintha kuchoka kunyamula kutengera mafuta amafuta kupita kumodzi kutengera magetsi. Njira yokhayo yomwe ingakwaniritse zolinga za EU ndi 2025 pakhoza kukhala pakati pa 1,5 ndi 2 miliyoni yamagetsi ku Spain. Pofika 2030 payenera kukhala pali pafupifupi 6 miliyoni ndipo pofika 2040 magalimoto okhala ndi injini yoyaka mkati sakanakhoza kugulitsidwanso.

Zifunikanso kulimbikitsa njanji yamagetsi, yomwe mu 2030 iyenera kunyamula 20% ya zinthu zomwe zimasamukira ku Spain, zomwe zingafune ndalama zowonjezera zowonjezera za 900 miliyoni euros pachaka mpaka tsiku lomwelo.

Kuphatikiza ndalama zonse zofunika kugula magalimoto amagetsi, zomangira zolipiritsa ndi zomangamanga pakukonza njanji yonyamula katundu, zikanakhala zofunikira kuyika ndalama pakati pa 15.000 ndi 28.000 mayuro miliyoni chaka chino.

Chiwerengero chochepa chazoyang'anira chizikhala 4.000 mu 2020, 45.000 mu 2025 ndi 80.000 mu 2030; Poyerekeza, pakadali pano pali 1.700 monse mu Spain. Magalimoto amagetsi ndiofunika kwambiri masiku ano ndipo ma hybridi amathanso kusintha ngati mayendedwe ndi kayendedwe. Komabe, hybrids amagwiritsa ntchito mafuta, choncho amangogwira ntchito kwa zaka zochepa.

 


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Josep anati

    Popanda changu, asiyeni apite kukagula magalimoto amagetsi ndikuwalola kuti azigudubuza, tidzawagula pomwe gawo lomwe achite lidzawonekere ,! º kuti akujambula, 2 Pamene mayankho a 1 agwiritsidwa kale, tidzawagula.

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