Ndi chiyani, imapangidwa bwanji ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito chiyani mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic

Photovoltaic Dzuwa Mphamvu

Ngakhale mafuta zakale akulamulirabe dziko lathu lino, zowonjezekanso zikupita kumsika wamayiko onse padziko lapansi. Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndi zomwe sizimawononga chilengedwe, zomwe sizitha ndipo zimatha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zazinthu zapadziko lapansi ndi malo ozungulira, monga dzuwa, mphepo, madzi, ndi zina zambiri. Kupanga magetsi. Popeza mafuta zakale zatsala pang'ono kutha, zongowonjezwdwanso ndi tsogolo.

Lero tikambirana mozama za photovoltaic mphamvu ya dzuwa. Mphamvu imeneyi, ndiye, mwina mphamvu yogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pazinthu zowonjezeredwa. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa momwe imagwirira ntchito komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito?

The

kugwiritsa ntchito mapanelo a dzuwa kuti apange mphamvu

Tisanayambe kufotokoza za kagwiritsidwe kake ndi ntchito zake, tiyeni tiwone tanthauzo lamphamvu ya dzuwa ya iwo omwe sakudziwa bwino. Mphamvu ya dzuwa ndiyo yomwe ili amatha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa kuchokera ku tinthu tating'onoting'ono kuti tipeze mphamvu womwe pambuyo pake umasandulika kukhala magetsi. Gwero la mphamvuzi ndi loyera kwathunthu, motero silimawononga chilengedwe kapena kutulutsa mpweya wowononga m'mlengalenga. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi mwayi waukulu wokonzanso, ndiye kuti, dzuwa silidzatha (kapena kwa zaka mabiliyoni angapo).

Pofuna kusonkhanitsa mphamvu ya dzuwa, amagwiritsa ntchito mapanelo azizindikiro omwe amatha kujambula zithunzi za kuwala kochokera ku ma radiation ndi kuwasintha kukhala mphamvu.

Kodi mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic imapangidwa bwanji?

selo ya photovoltaic yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga mphamvu

Monga tanenera kale, kuti mupange mphamvu ya photovoltaic, ndikofunikira kuti mutenge zithunzi za kuwala komwe kuwala kwa dzuwa kumakhala nako ndikusintha kukhala magetsi kuti mugwiritse ntchito. Izi zitha kuchitika mwa njira yosinthira ya photovoltaic pogwiritsa ntchito gulu la dzuwa.

Gulu lowonera dzuwa ndilofunika kwambiri selo ya photovoltaic. Izi ndizopangira semiconductor (zopangidwa ndi silicon, mwachitsanzo) zomwe sizimafuna magawo osunthika, mafuta, kapena kupanga phokoso. Selo la photovoltaic ili likuwunikiridwa mopitilira muyeso, limatenga mphamvu yomwe ili m'mafotoni a kuwala ndikuthandizira kupanga mphamvu, kuyambitsa ma elekitironi omwe atsekedwa ndi magetsi amkati. Izi zikachitika, ma elekitironi omwe amasonkhanitsidwa pamwamba pama cell a photovoltaic amapanga magetsi osalekeza.

Popeza mphamvu yamagetsi yamagetsi ya photovoltaic ndiyotsika kwambiri (0,6V yokha), imayikidwa m'magulu amagetsi kenako ndikutsekeredwa mu mbale yagalasi kutsogolo ndi chinthu china cholimbana ndi chinyezi chakumbuyo. Kumbuyo (popeza ambiri za nthawiyo zizikhala mumthunzi).

Mgwirizano wamndandanda wama cell a photovoltaic ndikutidwa ndi zinthu zomwe zatchulidwazi pangani gawo la photovoltaic. Pa mulingo uwu mutha kale kugula malonda kuti musinthe mawonekedwe azoyendera dzuwa. Malinga ndi matekinoloje ndi mtundu wa kagwiritsidwe ntchito kameneka, gawo ili lili ndi mawonekedwe a 0.1 m² (10 W) mpaka 1 m² (100 W), ziwonetsero zowerengeka, ndikuchepa kwa ma V 12, 24 V kapena 48 V kutengera kugwiritsa ntchito.

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, kudzera pakusintha kwa photovoltaic, mphamvu zimapezekanso pang'onopang'ono komanso molunjika. Mphamvuzi sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito panyumba, chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuti, pambuyo pake, a mphamvu inverter kuti musinthe kukhala njira zina zosinthira.

Zinthu ndi magwiridwe

mphamvu ya dzuwa yanyumba

Zipangizo zomwe zimakhala ndi ma photovoltaic cell amatchedwa ma solar. Mapulogalamuwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kangapo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mphamvu m'malo amunthu, pabanja komanso mabizinesi. Mtengo wake pamsika ndi pafupifupi ma 7.000 euros. Ubwino waukulu wamagetsi amtundu wa dzuwa ndikuti kuyika kwawo ndikosavuta ndipo sikufuna kukonza pang'ono. Amakhala ndi moyo wazaka pafupifupi 25-30, kotero ndalamazo zimapezedwanso bwino.

Ma panel a dzuwa amayenera kukhazikitsidwa pamalo oyenera. Ndiye kuti, m'malo omwe mumakhala ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa tsiku lililonse. Mwanjira imeneyi titha kugwiritsa ntchito bwino mphamvu za dzuwa ndikupanga magetsi ambiri.

Gulu lowonera dzuwa limafunika batire zomwe zimasunga mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwa kuti zizigwiritse ntchito nthawi yomwe kulibe dzuwa (monga usiku kapena mitambo kapena masiku amvula).

Ponena za magwiridwe antchito a dzuwa la photovoltaic, titha kunena kuti zimadalira kwathunthu mawonekedwe amagetsi am'mlengalenga, mayikidwe ndi malo omwe adayikirako. Maola owala kwambiri mdera lanu, mphamvu zochulukirapo zimatha kupangidwa. Kukhazikitsa dzuwa kwambiri kumabwezeretsa ndalama zawo pafupifupi zaka 8. Ngati nthawi yothandiza yamagalasi oyenda ndi dzuwa ndi zaka 25, imadzilipira yokha ndipo mumapeza phindu lochulukirapo.

Ntchito zogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic

Machitidwe a Photovoltaic olumikizidwa ndi gridi

photovoltaic mphamvu zamagetsi zoti zigwiritsidwe ntchito pamagetsi amagetsi

Chimodzi mwazogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic ndikukhazikitsa chojambulira cha photovoltaic ndi chosinthira chamakono chosinthira mphamvu zopitilira zomwe zimapangidwira muzipangizo za dzuwa kuti ziziphatikizana pakadali pano kuti zizidziwitse mu gridi yamagetsi.

Mtengo pa kWh ya mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi okwera mtengo kuposa machitidwe ena am'badwo. Ngakhale izi zasintha kwambiri pakapita nthawi. M'madera ena komwe maola owala kwambiri dzuwa, mtengo wa mphamvu ya dzuwa wa photovoltaic ndiye wotsika kwambiri. Ndikofunikira kuti mukhale ndi njira zandalama komanso zalamulo kuti muchepetse mtengo wopanga. Pamapeto pa tsikuli, tikuthandiza dziko lathu lapansi kuti lisawonongeke komanso kupewa kusintha kwa nyengo ndi kuwonongeka kwa nyengo.

Ntchito zina za mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic

kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic muulimi

  • Kuunikira. Kugwiritsanso ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic ndikuunikira pazipata zambiri za m'midzi, malo opumira komanso mphambano. Izi zimachepetsa kuwunikira.
  • Kusonyeza. Mphamvu zamtunduwu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi kuwonetsa mayendedwe amsewu.
  • Kuyankhulana. Mphamvu imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri kumagawo obwereza zamagetsi, wailesi komanso kanema wawayilesi.
  • Magetsi akumidzi. Mothandizidwa ndi makina apakati, matauni ndi midzi ing'onoing'ono yomwe ikubalalika kwambiri imatha kusangalala ndi magetsi.
  • Mafamu ndi ziweto. Pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi m'malo amenewa, mphamvu ya dzuwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuwalitsa, yendetsani mapampu amadzi ndi othirira, kuti mukameze, ndi zina zambiri.

Monga mukuwonera, mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo ambiri omwe amapangitsa kuti izipikisana kwambiri m'misika ndipo imawonedwa ngati tsogolo lamphamvu.


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