Mpweya wowonjezera kutentha umatuluka chifukwa cha chilala

Kusowa kwa madzi m'madambo a Spain kuli zinayambitsa mpweya wa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha. M'miyezi 6 yoyambirira, gawo lamagetsi lidathamangitsa matani 41,2 miliyoni a CO2 mumlengalenga, 17,2 miliyoni kuposa nthawi yomweyo mu 2016.

Kupanga magetsi kwa hayidiroliki (yopanda mpweya wowonjezera kutentha) wagwa kupitirira 51% ndipo wasinthidwa ndi malasha (omwe ntchito yake yawonjezeka ndi 72%) ndi gasi (30%). Pulogalamu ya nkhokwe zochepa a posungira amapanga chaka cha 2017 kuti chikhale chaka choyipa kwambiri polimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo.

Mpweya wowonjezera kutentha

Presa

REE

Kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi ndi chimodzimodzi ndi 2016, koma zochulukirapo zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi. Izi zitha kuwonedwa mu data ya Red Electrica de España (REE), yomwe imayang'anira tsiku ndi tsiku komwe magetsi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mdziko lathu amapangidwa.

CO2

REE imatsatiranso matani a CO pamwezi.2 (mpweya wowonjezera kutentha) womwe gawo lamagetsi limatulutsira mumlengalenga. Tsoka ilo, kuchuluka kwa miyezi isanu ndi iwiri yoyambirira ya 2017 kukuwonetsa kuwonjezeka kwa kugwiritsa ntchito malasha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mwina ndi chaka choyipa polimbana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo.

CO2

El magetsi amasonkhanitsa 20% ya mpweya wowonjezera kutentha mdziko muno, ndipo kuchepa kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka malasha kwadziwika m'zaka zaposachedwa kusintha kwa nkhondo ku Spain yolimbana ndi kutentha kwa dziko.

Popanda kupitirira apo, mu 2015 kunalinso kuwonjezeka kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka malasha pamagetsi komwe makamaka kudapangitsa Spain kukulitsa mpweya wapadziko lonse ya CO2 3,2% poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha.

Makampani a malasha

Momwemonso, malasha adathandizanso mu 2016, ngakhale zili choncho. Malinga ndi ndalama zomwe zidatumizidwa mwezi watha ndi Boma la Spain ku European Environment Agency, utsi wadziko lonse watsika ndi 3,5% poyerekeza ndi 2015. «Kupanga magetsi kwatsitsa mpweya wake ndi 19,7% chifukwa chosamuka kwa kugwiritsa ntchito makala pa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa, "inatero lipoti la chaka chimenecho lolembedwa ndi Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, lomwe limakumbukira kuti chaka chatha chinali chaka chamvula, ndi mvula ina 5%.

Msika wokonzedwanso

Zambiri zoyipa kuchokera ku 2015 ndi zabwino kuchokera ku 2016, komanso mu 2017 kusinthika kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha zimakhudzidwa ndi nyengo, kuyambira 2012 kukhazikitsidwa kwa mphamvu yatsopano yomwe ingapangidwenso idafa ziwalo mdziko muno, mwamwayi izi zasintha chaka chino kuopa chindapusa chaku Europe.

siteshoni mphamvu ya nyukiliya

Boom

Kuchulukana komwe kunachitika ku Spain mphamvu zowonjezeredwa kunayamba pafupifupi zaka 10 zapitazo, ndikuloleza kuchepa kwapadziko lonse kwa 10% ya mpweya wake wa CO2malinga ndi kafukufuku waposachedwa ndi European Environment Agency. Tsoka ilo, Boma lidachita ziwalo kudzera pakulamula kukhazikitsa mphamvu zamagetsi zowonjezeredwa mu 2012. Kuyambira pamenepo, zabwino kapena zoyipa za pachaka za mpweya wa CO2 Zimatengera nyengo, ndiye kuti mvula ndi mphepo.

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, 2017 ndi imodzi mwazovuta kwambiri kwakanthawi yayitali pankhani yamvula. Tsoka ilo Spain idayamba chilimwe ndi malo osungira madzi otsika kwambiri kuyambira 1995.

Malo osungira ochepa

Malinga ndi REE, kutsika uku kwatanthauza kuti m'miyezi isanu ndi iwiri yoyambirira ya chaka kupanga magetsi ku Spain kudzera mu ma hydraulic technology, idagwa ndi 51,2% poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi mu 2016. Pakhalanso kuchepa kwa 11% pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za mphepo.

Kutsika pakugwiritsa ntchito magwero awiri oyera a CO2 yakhazikitsidwa makamaka ndi malasha. Mitengo yamagetsi yamafuta zomwe zimawotcha mafuta akale awa zawonjezera magetsi ndi 71,9% pakati pa Januware ndi Julayi. Gasi wambiri wagwiritsidwanso ntchito: kukula muzomera zophatikizika zakhala 30,4%.

CO2

Chiyembekezo cha miyezi yotsatira Siyo Alagueña kwambiri, pokhapokha ngati pakhale kusintha kwakanthawi mchaka chama hydrological kuyambira nthawi yophukira.

Malinga ndi lipoti laposachedwa kwambiri la ma hydrological a Unduna wa Zachilengedwe, kumapeto kwa Julayi, m'malo osungira aku Spain omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi panali malo ophunzitsira kuti apange ma gigawatts 7.927 paola (GWh). Izi zikuwonetsa 61% ya nkhokwe zomwe zidapezeka chaka chatha62,6% ya avareji yazaka zisanu zapitazi ndi 64,6% ya avareji yazaka khumi zapitazi.


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