Mphotho 10 zamtendere zamtendere zimapempha atsogoleri adziko lonse kuti asiye mphamvu za nyukiliya

Pamwambo wokumbukira zaka 25 za Tsoka la nyukiliya ku Chernobyl Makhalidwe a 10 omwe adapeza mwayi wokhala mphotho zamtendere za novice awonetsa malingaliro awo motsutsana ndi mphamvu ya nyukiliya.

Adalemba kalata kupita kwa atsogoleri ndi maboma omwe akupanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za nyukiliya ngati magetsi. Maboma 31 ndi omwe adalandira kalatayi yopempha kusiya mphamvu za nyukiliya.

Mayikowo ndi: Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Japan, Pakistan, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Spain, Switzerland, Hungary, Mexico, Holland, Slovenia, Lithuania, Romania, South Africa, India, Finland, Czech Republic, Taiwan, Switzerland, China, Canada, Germany, Russia ndi United States.

Kalatayi ndi iyi:
LETSANI KALATA
Epulo 26, 2011
Kwa: Atsogoleri Padziko Lonse Lapansi
Kuchokera: Nobel Peace Laureates

A Nobel Peace Laureates tikupempha atsogoleri adziko lonse lapansi kuti asankhe mphamvu zowonjezereka kuposa mphamvu za nyukiliya.

Pa chikumbutso cha XNUMXth cha ngozi yanyukiliya ku Chernobyl ku Ukraine - ndipo pafupifupi miyezi iwiri chivomerezi ndi tsunami zitawononga Japan - ife, omwe tidasainira Nobel Peace Laureates, tikukupemphani kuti mupange tsogolo labwino komanso lamtendere ndikudzipereka ku Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeredwa. Yakwana nthawi yoti tizindikire kuti mphamvu ya nyukiliya siyabwino, yotetezeka, kapena yopanda mphamvu.

Tili okhudzidwa kwambiri ndi miyoyo ya anthu ku Japan, omwe ali pachiwopsezo cha ma radiation a nyukiliya mlengalenga, madzi ndi chakudya chifukwa chakugwa kwa fakitale yamagetsi ku Fukushima. Tikukhulupirira ndi mtima wonse kuti ngati dziko lapansi lisiya kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za nyukiliya, mibadwo yamtsogolo ya anthu padziko lonse lapansi - ndi aku Japan, omwe avutika kale kwambiri - adzakhala mwamtendere komanso chitetezo.

“Zaka XNUMX kuchokera ku Chernobyl, anthu ena akunena kuti zinthu zikuyenda bwino. Sindikugwirizana nawo, "akutero a Mykola Isaiev, m'modzi mwa omwe" adasokoneza "ku Chernobyl, anthu omwe amayang'anira kuyeretsa zotsatira za tsoka. "Ana athu akudwala chifukwa chodya zakudya zoyipa ndipo chuma chathu chawonongeka." Isaiev akuti amatha kumvetsetsa za omwe adasandutsa makampani omwe akugwira ntchito ku Japan. Monga iye, mwina sanadabwe konse za chitetezo cha mphamvu za nyukiliya.

Taganizirani mawu a wamalonda wina ku Kesennuma, umodzi mwa mizinda imene inavutika kwambiri ndi tsunami m'mbali mwa nyanja ya kumpoto chakum'maŵa. Ndiposa tsunami. Tsunami titha kuwona. Izi sizikuwoneka ”.

Chomvetsa chisoni ndichakuti vuto la ma radiation a nyukiliya ku Japan lingachitikenso m'maiko ena, monga zidachitikira ku Chernobyl, m'dziko lakale la Ukraine Soviet Socialist Republic (1986), Three Mile Island ku United States (1979) ndi Windscale / Sellafield ku UK (1957). Ngozi za nyukiliya zitha kubwera chifukwa cha masoka achilengedwe - monga zivomezi ndi ma tsunami - komanso zolakwika za anthu komanso kunyalanyaza. Anthu padziko lonse amaopanso kuti zigawenga zitha kulimbana ndi zida zamagetsi.

Koma cheza sikuti chimangogwirizana ndi ngozi ya nyukiliya. Uliwonse wolumikizana ndi unyukiliya umatulutsa cheza, kuchokera kumigodi ya uranium, kenako ndikupitilira mibadwomibadwo, chifukwa zinyalala za nyukiliya zili ndi plutonium yomwe ingakhalebe poizoni kwa zaka masauzande ambiri. Ngakhale akhala akufufuza kwazaka zambiri, mayiko omwe ali ndi mapulogalamu amagetsi a nyukiliya ngati United States alephera kuthana ndi vuto lopeza malo osungira mafuta "omwe awonongedwa". Pakadali pano, tsiku lililonse, pali mafuta ambiri anyukiliya.

Othandizira mphamvu ya nyukiliya ayenera kuzindikira kuti mapulogalamuwa ndi omwe amapangira zida za nyukiliya. Zowonadi, izi ndizomwe zikudetsa nkhawa pankhani ya zida za nyukiliya ku Iran. Chifukwa choti makampani anyukiliya amakonda kunyalanyaza chiwopsezo chachikulu ichi pofunafuna mphamvu ya nyukiliya sizitanthauza kuti vutoli limazimiririka chifukwa choti lachepetsedwa kapena lanyalanyazidwa.

Iyeneranso kuyang'anizana ndi zenizeni zachuma cha mphamvu ya atomiki. Mphamvu za nyukiliya sizipikisana pamsika wotseguka motsutsana ndi magetsi ena, chifukwa sizingatheke. Mphamvu za nyukiliya ndi njira yokwera mtengo kwambiri yomwe ndalama zambiri zimaperekedwa ndi okhometsa misonkho. Makampani a zida za nyukiliya alandila ndalama zambiri kuboma - ndalama za okhometsa misonkho - polemba zolembera, malire azovuta kwambiri, ndi inshuwaransi yoyeretsa ndi ndalama zothandizira. Titha kugwiritsa ntchito bwino ndalama zapaguluzi zamagetsi zatsopano.

Pakadali pano pali zida za nyukiliya zoposa 400 padziko lapansi - zambiri, m'malo omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha masoka achilengedwe kapena zipolowe zandale. Zomera izi zimapereka zosakwana 7% yamphamvu zonse padziko lapansi. Atsogoleri anu padziko lonse lapansi mutha kugwira ntchito limodzi kuti muchepetse mphamvu zochepa zija ndi zina zamagetsi zomwe zikupezeka, zopezeka mosavuta, zotetezeka komanso zotsika mtengo, kutitsogolera mtsogolo mopanda malasha ndi mphamvu za nyukiliya.

Sitingaletse masoka achilengedwe monga omwe adachitika ku Japan, koma tonse titha kupanga zisankho zabwino pazokhudza magetsi.

Titha kuthana ndi mafuta ndi mphamvu za nyukiliya ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zosinthira. Ikuchitika kale. Padziko lonse lapansi, mzaka zisanu zapitazi, pakhala mphamvu zambiri zochokera kumphepo ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa kuposa zopangira magetsi a nyukiliya. Ndalama zapadziko lonse lapansi zochokera ku dzuwa, mphepo ndi zina zamagetsi zowonjezeredwa zawonjezeka 35% mu 2010. Kuyika ndalama muzinthu zamagetsi zowonjezerazi kudzapanganso ntchito.

Zowonjezera mphamvu ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri kuti mtsogolo mukhale mwamtendere. Ichi ndichifukwa chake anthu ambiri padziko lonse lapansi - makamaka achinyamata - sakuyembekezera maboma kuti asinthe, koma akuchita kale izi mwa iwo okha.

Kugwiritsa ntchito tsogolo lopanda kaboni ndi zida za nyukiliya kulola mayiko kuti agwirizane ndikuwonjezera nzika zomwe zikukula komanso zotsogola padziko lonse lapansi zomwe zikukana kuchuluka kwa zida za nyukiliya ndikuthandizira magwero amagetsi omwe angapitsidwenso. Tikupemphani kuti mulowe nawo ndikupanga cholowa champhamvu chomwe chimateteza komanso kusamalira mibadwo yamtsogolo yokha, komanso dziko lathu lapansi.

Modzichepetsa,

Betty Williams, Ireland (1976)
Mairead Maguire, Ireland (1976)
Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Guatemala (1992)
Jody Williams, USA (1997)
Shirin Ebadi, Iran (2003)
Wangari Maathai, Kenya (2004)
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, South Africa (1984)
Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Argentina (1980)
José Ramos Horta, Purezidenti, East Timor (1996)
Chiyero Chake Dalai Lama (1989)

SOURCE: Greenpeace.org


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