Mphamvu zamagetsi

Mphamvu zamagetsi

Lero tikambirana Mphamvu zamagetsi zomwe zimapezeka padziko lonse lapansi. Timawagawa makamaka magwero a mphamvu zowonjezereka ndi zosapitsidwanso. Oyambirira amatchedwanso mphamvu zobiriwira kapena kuyeretsa. Ndi omwe akukhala ofunikira kwambiri pazaka zambiri popeza mphamvu zosapitsidwanso zimachokera mafuta ndipo akuwononga dziko lapansi ndikuwononga zinthu zambiri monga kusintha kwa nyengo.

Tikuphunzitsani mitundu yonse yamagetsi yomwe ilipo mdziko lapansi ndi momwe imagwiritsidwira ntchito.

Zowonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi

Zowonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi

Ndi magwero amagetsi omwe amapezeka kudzera mwachilengedwe. Alibe mphamvu zakutha chifukwa nthawi yawo yatsopano imaposa yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Amatha kusinthika kudzera m'zochitika zachilengedwe. Mwazinthu izi timapeza dzuwa, mphepo, madzi, mafunde, ndi zina zambiri. Ndiwo magwero omwe satha ndipo omwe azipezeka nthawi zonse.

Tiwafotokozera mwachidule aliyense m'modzi.

Mphamvu ya dzuwa

Mphamvu ya dzuwa

Zimapangidwa kudzera padzuwa. Ndi yoyera ndipo sichiipitsa. Ikugwira ntchito kuchokera pamagetsi am'mlengalenga ndikuthokoza Photovoltaic zotsatira. Itha kupereka kuchokera kumakonzedwe ang'onoang'ono monga nyumba yakunyumba kupita kumalo opangira magetsi. Ngakhale kuthekera komwe ili nako ku Spain ku nyengo ndi kuchuluka kwa maola owala dzuwa sizogwiritsidwa ntchito bwino.

Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pa zakuthambo ndikuwona. Masetilaiti ali ndi magalasi oyendetsedwa ndi dzuwa omwe amawathandiza kuti azidzipezabe okha kuti azitha kugwira ntchito nthawi zonse ndikupeza zofunikira.

Mphamvu ya mphepo

Mphamvu ya mphepo

Zimapangidwa kudzera mphepo. Ili ndi mbiriyakale kumbuyo kwake kuyambira pomwe nthawi zamphamvu mphepo idagwiritsidwa ntchito mphero popera tirigu. Pakadali pano, mphamvu ya mphepo imagwira ntchito kudzera mu Makina amphepo. Ngakhale ali ndi mtengo wokwera kukhazikitsa amatha kupanga mphamvu zambiri. Chimodzi mwamaubwino ndikuti sichifuna kukonzedwa kwambiri ndipo chitha kuyikidwa m'malo ambiri.

Mbali inayi, ilinso ndi zovuta zina. Chofunika kwambiri ndikuti zimakhudza kwambiri momwe zilili minda ya mphepo. Kuphatikiza apo, imasokoneza njira zingapo za mbalame zosamukira zachilengedwe zamtengo wapatali kapena zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutha. Zimadaliranso kwambiri komwe kumapezeka makina amphepo. Iyenera kuikidwa pamalo pomwe pali mphepo ndipo siimakhudzidwa kapena kuchepetsedwa ndi zomangamanga zina monga nyumba kapena mapiri ndi zigwa.

Mphamvu yamagetsi

Mphamvu yamagetsi

La mphamvu yamagetsi Ndi imodzi yomwe imapangidwa chifukwa chamadzi. Zimachitika mu siteshoni yamagetsi yamagetsi. Ndi iyo, kutentha kapena magetsi atha kupangidwa kudzera mu mphamvu yomwe ingaperekedwe poyenda kwamadzi kudzera m'magetsi.

Mphamvu yotentha ndi mpweya

Mphamvu yotentha ndi mpweya

La mphamvu ya geothermal imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zomwe dziko lapansi lili nazo ndi kutentha kwake. Mphamvu zamtunduwu ndizachiwiri chifukwa zimadalira momwe nthaka imagwirira ntchito komanso makulidwe a kontrakitala pamalo aliwonse. Maiko ozizira monga Iceland ali ndi mwayi kukhala nawo mphamvu ya geothermal monga gwero lalikulu lothandizira. Pamene titha kuchotsa kutumphuka kwa dziko lapansi, m'pamenenso timatentha kwambiri ngati gwero lamagetsi.

Choyipa chachikulu champhamvu zamtunduwu ndi kukwera mtengo kwa zomangamanga kumafunikira kutulutsa kutentha kuchokera kumtunda kwa kontrakitala.

Mphamvu ya biomass

Mphamvu ya biomass

Mphamvu imeneyi imagwiritsa ntchito zotsalira zonse zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito. Mwachitsanzo, pellets, kudulira zotsalira, miyala ya azitona, zotsalira zodula, ndi zina zambiri.. Ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri chifukwa zimathandiza kuti nkhalango ziziyendetsedwa bwino ndipo zinyalala zamtunduwu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kutentha chifukwa cha chilengedwe cha zotayira zotsalira zazomera.

Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

Amatchedwanso mafuta. Ndizomwe chilengedwe chimapanga koma chimakhala ndi nthawi yochepa pakugwiritsa ntchito kwawo. Izi ndichifukwa choti kusinthika kwawo kumachedwa pang'onopang'ono poyerekeza ndi kukula kwaumunthu komanso kuthamanga komwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mwanjira ina, mafuta kapena khala pamapeto pake zidzatha kapena, sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kutulutsa mphamvu pamlingo waukulu.

Timasanthula magwero akulu amagetsi osapitsidwanso

Mafuta akale

Mafuta

Kodi ndizopangidwa ndi mafuta, malasha, gasi ndi zotumphukira zake. Ndizogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi kuti apange mphamvu. Pachifukwa ichi, ndi chifukwa choyamba chomwe masoka monga dzenje la ozoni, kutentha kwanyengo komanso kusintha kwa nyengo kukukulira. Zonsezi ndi zotsatira za kuipitsa komwe amapanga pakupanga kwawo komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito.

Mphamvu za nyukiliya

Mphamvu za nyukiliya

Ndi mphamvu yomwe mafuta ake ambiri ndi uranium. Pali oteteza a mphamvu ya nyukiliya mochuluka ngati omwe akutsutsa. Ndi mphamvu yomwe siyimatulutsa zinthu zowononga koma imasiya zinyalala zowopsa za nyukiliya ndipo ndikofunikira kupanga manda a nyukiliya. Palinso mantha a masoka achilengedwe amphamvu kwambiri m'mbiri monga awo a Chernobyl ndi Fukushima.

Ntchito zamagetsi

ntchito zamagetsi

Monga tanena kale, zosasinthika zakhala injini ya dziko lonse lapansi. Kuposa 60% yapadziko lonse lapansi imagwira ntchito chifukwa cha mphamvu zopezedwa ndi malasha kapena mafuta. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira makina amagetsi, sitima, zoyendera, magetsi, nthunzi, ndi zina zambiri.

Ndi mafuta, zinthu zopanda malire zimapangidwa zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito tsiku lililonse, kuphatikiza pulasitiki kupatula makampani onse, ma petrochemicals ndi mtundu uliwonse wa mayendedwe kuphatikiza magetsi.

Mphamvu zambiri zowonjezeredwa zimachepetsedwa kukhala dzuwa ndi mphepo, chifukwa ndizofala kwambiri ndipo omwe ali ndi mphamvu zapamwamba kwambiri amabwerera. Kukula ndi kafukufuku wake zikuyenda bwino kwazaka zambiri ndipo nthawi iliyonse mtengo wopanga umatsika, ndikupanga akukhala mphamvu zopikisana pamisika yapadziko lonse lapansi.

Tiyeni tiyembekezere kuti posachedwa kwambiri, mphamvu zowonjezeredwa zitha kupangitsa kuti akhalebe oyamba kupezeka ndipo titha kuchepetsa zovuta zonse zachilengedwe ndi kuipitsa.


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