Momwemonso matayala a dzuwa omwe adzakuta nyumba posachedwa kwambiri

Koyamba sizingathe kusiyanitsidwa ndi matailosi wamba. Amatha kukhala pepala lakuda, motsanzira mbale zofananira, koma amabisikanso ngati matailosi achiroma, a nkhungu yokhota kumapeto yokhala ndi mbali yoyandama yomwe imavala matupi ofiira. Koyamba, sizivuta kudziwa kuti matailosi amenewa amatha kupanga mphamvu ya dzuwa.

Mosiyana ndi mapanelo akuluakulu a photovoltaic omwe amaikidwa padenga, matailosi a dzuwa ndiabwino. Mbali yomwe, yaying'ono momwe ingawoneke, zitha kuzipangitsa kuti zizifalikira padenga a nyumba zaka zisanu zikubwerazi.

Okutobala watha wopanga magalimoto wamagetsi a Tesla ndi mtsogoleri wawo wazofalitsa nkhani Elon Musk adapereka mwayi wawo wokhala ndi matailosi aku denga. Adachita izi ku Hollywood, atazunguliridwa ndi nyumba za banja limodzi. Musk atanena kuti madenga a nyumbazi anali ndi ukadaulo wa dzuwa, kudabwako kudagwa pakati pa omvera. Palibe amene adakayikira chilichonse.

Tesla

Juan Monjo, pulofesa ku UPM akufotokoza kuti "Kupanga kwatsopano komwe Tesla amabweretsa ndikuti kumayika galasi lakunja losagonjetseka, kenako kumayika mtundu koma amalola kudutsa kwa kuwala ndipo, pansipa, khungu la photovoltaic. Simukuwonanso wakuda koma muli ndi utoto, womwe umatha kukhala slate kapena tile ".

Kulowa kwa kampani ngati Tesla kumatha kuyatsa msika, koma matayala a dzuwa akhala akupanga kwazaka khumi. Komabe, kufunika kumawoneka kuti kwawona kudumpha posachedwa. Wopanga waku America SunTegra adawona kugulitsa kwake kwa matailosi akuwonjezeka ndi 300% m'miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yapitayo. “Mphamvu za dzuwa zikayamba kutchuka, anthu ambiri amakana magulu akuluakuluwa, omwe ndi ovuta kuphatikiza. chabwino pakupanga nyumbayo”Agree Oliver Koehler, CEO wa kampaniyo. Ndikuti matailosi amangokhala ochepa poyerekeza ndi mapanelo, pafupifupi 15%.

Kwa SunTegra, malingaliro akulonjeza: ikuyembekeza kuwirikiza kawiri kukula kwake m'zaka zikubwerazi. Popanda kuneneratu, mmodzi mwa opanga okhazikika kwambiri mgululi, kampani yaku Sweden SolTech Energy, imatsimikizira zamatsenga. "Mayankho ophatikizidwa, omwe ndi njira yothetsera dzuwa komanso denga kapena khoma, ndiye tsogolo," atero a Frederic Telander, CEO wa SolTech Energy. “Palibe chikaiko kuti gawo ili likula kwambiri".

Kupulumutsa mphamvu

Dongosolo laling'ono la 5 kW la shingle zitha kukhala pakati pa $ 16.000 ndi $ 20.000 zomwe zidakhazikitsidwa kale, malinga ndi SunTegra. Izi zikutenga gawo la 37 mita lalikulu. "Kupanga mphamvu kumadalira malowa," akutero Koehler "Ku California mumalandira 1,5 kapena 1,7 kWh pachaka, pa watt yoyikidwa, pomwe ku New York ikadakhala pafupifupi 1,2 kapena 1,3 kWh ”.

Ngati titenga chitsanzo cha 5 kW (5.000 watts) yamphamvu ndikuchulukitsa ndi 1,5 kWh tili ndi 7.500 kWh. Izi zitha kukhala kuyerekezera zakusunga mphamvu pachaka kudera lomwe kuli dzuwa. Monga momwe, OCU imayika kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zapakatikati zama banja aku Spain ku 9.992 kWh, yomwe ikufanana ndi ndalama pafupifupi 990 euros.

Kuyerekeza kuchepetsedwa kwa umuna ndikowopsa kwambiri. United States Environmental Protection Agency imapereka chida Intaneti yomwe imachita mawerengedwe ake. 7.500 kWh ileka kusiya kutulutsa matani 5,3 a CO mumlengalenga2, zofanana kuyenda ma kilomita 20.300 ndi galimoto.

Tesla

Zolinga za mabanja am'banja limodzi

Kuti mupeze phindu kuchokera pamatailosi a dzuwa muyenera kukhala ndi denga lokwanira. "M'nyumba ya banja limodzi muli ndi malo ambiri okongoletsera ochepa: nyumba imodzi", Akutero Juan Monjo. Ndizosiyana ndi zomwe zimachitika m'mizinda.

Chifukwa chake, opanga matailowa amadalira nyumba zomwe zangokhala ndi banja limodzi kapena kukonza denga lawo. Chinsinsi cha kuchita bwino ndikukhala mbali ya zomangamanga. "Khalani chinthu chomanga, osati kokha khungu la dzuwaAmatsegula msika wokulirapo ”, akutsindika a Frederic Telander.

Zina mwazinthu zomwe zingaletse wogwiritsa ntchito kuyika matailosiwa ndi malamulo aku Spain. Apa, malangizo olamulira a Kudzidalira kumalepheretsa wogwiritsa ntchito mphotho yakutsanulira mphamvu mu gridi. Zochulukirapo pakuwala kwa dzuwa zimatha kusungidwa mu batri ya nyumba, koma izi zimayamba pa $ 4.000.

Tesla

Mtengo ukhozanso kukhumudwitsa. Matailosi amtundu wa dzuwa amawononga pafupifupi kasanu kuposa wamba. Ngakhale, monga a Telander ananenera, Mtengo pa watt wina uli pafupi ndi uja wamagetsi azolowera dzuwa. Ndiye bwanji osayika ma shingles m'malo mwa ma bulky board?

Monjo amadzetsa chiyembekezo. "Tikadali m'mbuyomu, osati matailosi okha, koma yamagulu a photovoltaic ambiri. Ndikuganiza kuti zonsezi zikhala bwino kwambiri ". Funso ndiloti ndichangu bwanji. Pogwira kuti ndi mneneri, pulofesayo akuvomereza kuti atero mwanzeru.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   Joseph Ribes anati

    M'malo moyika mapanelo opangira, kupanga matailosi kapena kupanga malo athyathyathya, osati zinthu ziwiri koma chinthu chokhala ndi ntchito ziwiri ndipo chomwe sichilipira kawiri kapena kukhazikitsa kamodzi, china chake ndichinthu.

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