Kodi chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi chimagwira ntchito bwanji?

chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi

Mphamvu ya geothermal ndi mtundu wa mphamvu zowonjezereka zomwe zimatha kugwiritsira ntchito kutentha kuchokera pansi panthaka kuti zitenthe nyumba ndikupeza madzi otentha m'njira yachilengedwe kwambiri. Ndi imodzi mwazinthu zochepa zomwe zimapezekanso, koma zotsatira zake ndizodabwitsa kwambiri.

Mphamvu iyi Iyenera kupangidwa mu chomera cha geothermal, koma chomera cha geothermal ndi chiyani ndipo chimagwira ntchito bwanji?

Chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi

mpweya wochokera ku chomera chamagetsi

Chomera cha geothermal ndi malo omwe kutentha kumachokera ku Dziko lapansi kuti apange mphamvu zowonjezereka. Mpweya woipa womwe umatuluka mumlengalenga kuchokera ku mphamvu zamtunduwu ndi pafupifupi 45 g pafupifupi. Izi Nkhani zosakwana 5% za mpweya zogwirizana ndi mafuta oyaka moto omwe amapanga zomera, chifukwa chake amatha kuonedwa ngati mphamvu zoyera.

Omwe amapanga mphamvu yayikulu padziko lapansi ndi United States, Philippines ndi Indonesia. Tiyenera kukumbukiranso kuti mphamvu ya geothermal, ngakhale imapanganso, ndi mphamvu yochepa. Ndizochepa, osati chifukwa chakuti kutentha kwa Dziko lapansi kudzatha (kutali ndi izo), koma kumangotulutsidwa m'njira yothandiza m'malo ena apadziko lapansi komwe kutentha kwapadziko lapansi kumakhala kwamphamvu kwambiri. Ndizokhudza "malo otentha" kumene mphamvu zambiri zimatha kutengedwa pagawo lililonse.

Popeza chidziwitso cha mphamvu zamagetsi sichinapite patsogolo kwambiri, Geothermal Energy Association ikuyerekeza kuti ikungogwiritsidwa ntchito pakadali pano 6,5% yapadziko lonse lapansi yamphamvuzi.

Zida zamagetsi zamagetsi

posungira mphamvu yamagetsi

Popeza kutumphuka kwa dziko lapansi kumakhala ngati malo osanjikiza, kuti mupeze mphamvu ya geothermal, dziko lapansi liyenera kubooleka ndi mapaipi, magma kapena madzi. Izi zimalola kutulutsa kwamkati ndikugwidwa kudzera m'malo opangira magetsi.

Kupanga magetsi imafuna kutentha kwambiri zomwe zimangobwera kuchokera kumadera akuya kwambiri padziko lapansi. Pofuna kuti musataye kutentha mukamapita ku chomeracho, njira zamagetsi, madera otentha, kufalitsa kwamadzi, zitsime zamadzi kapena kuphatikiza zonsezi ziyenera kumangidwa.

Kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe zimapezeka kuchokera ku mphamvu zamtunduwu imakulirakulira ndi kuzama komwe idakulungidwa komanso kuyandikira m'mbali mwa mbale. M'malo amenewa ntchito yotentha ndi mphepo ndiyokulirapo, kotero pamakhala kutentha kosavuta.

Kodi chomera chamagetsi chimagwira ntchito bwanji?

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yamafuta yamafuta kutengera ntchito yovuta yomwe imagwira ntchito dongosolo lazomera m'munda. Ndiye kuti, mphamvu imachotsedwa mkatikati mwa Dziko Lapansi ndikupita nayo kumalo komwe magetsi amapangidwira.

Munda wamagetsi

dziwe lamadzi otentha

Munda wa geothermal komwe mumagwirako ntchito umafanana ndi malo yokhala ndi gradient yapamwamba kwambiri kuposa yachibadwa. Ndiye kuti, kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwakutentha kuzama. Dera lokhala ndi gradient yotentha kwambiri nthawi zambiri limakhalapo chifukwa chokhala ndi chimbudzi chomwe chimatsekedwa ndimadzi otentha ndipo chimasungidwa ndikuchepetsedwa ndi chingwe chosakwanira chomwe chimasunga kutentha ndi kukakamiza konse. Izi zimadziwika ngati malo osungira kutentha kwa nthaka ndipo ndikuchokera pano komwe kutentha kumeneko kumatulutsidwa kuti apange magetsi.

Zitsime zotulutsa kutentha kwa geothermal zomwe zimalumikizana ndi chomera chamagetsi zili m'malo amenewa. Nthunziyo imatulutsidwa kudzera pamapaipi angapo ndipo imapita nawo kubzala kumene mphamvu ya kutentha kwa nthunzi imasandulika mphamvu yamakina kenako mphamvu yamagetsi.

Njira yoberekera

Njira yoberekera imayamba ndikutulutsa kwa nthunzi ndi madzi kuchokera ku dziwe la geothermal. Nthunzi ikangotengedwa kupita ku chomeracho, imasiyanitsidwa ndi madzi otentha omwe amagwiritsa ntchito zida wotchedwa olekanitsa cyclonic. Nthunzi ikamatuluka, madzi amabwereranso kumtunda kuti akasungidweko (chifukwa chake ndi gwero lowonjezekanso).

Nthunzi yotulutsidwa imayendetsedwa ku chomera ndikuyambitsa chopangira chomwe chimazungulira mozungulira pa Zosintha 3 pamphindi, yomwe imayendetsa jenereta, pomwe mkangano ndi gawo lamagetsi limasinthira mphamvu zamagetsi kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi. Ma volti 13800 amatuluka mu jenereta yomwe imasamutsidwa kupita ku ma thiransifoma, amasinthidwa kukhala ma volts 115000. Mphamvuzi zimayambitsidwa m'mizere yamagetsi yayikulu kuti izitumizidwa kuma substation ndikuchokera kumeneko kupita kunyumba, mafakitale, masukulu ndi zipatala.

Nthaka yotenthetsayo imakolezedwanso ndipo imabwezeretsedwanso munthaka pambuyo potembenuza chopangira mphamvu. Njirayi imalola kuti madzi azitenthedwanso m'nyanjayi ndipo imawapangitsa kuti azigwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeretsa, chifukwa ikazitenthetsedwa zidzasanduka nthunzi ndikusinthanso chopangira mphamvu. Pazinthu zonsezi, titha kunena kuti mphamvu ya geothermal Ndi mphamvu yoyera, yozungulira, yosinthika komanso yosatha, popeza ndikubwezeretsanso komwe mphamvu yamagetsi imapangidwanso. Ngati madzi olekanitsidwa ndi nthunzi yosungunuka sanabwezeretsedwe mu dziwe la geothermal, sikanawerengedwa ngati mphamvu yowonjezeredwa, popeza, gwero likangotha, sipanatulukenso nthunzi ina.

Mitundu yamagetsi yamagetsi

Pali mitundu itatu yamagetsi yamagetsi.

Zomera zowuma

youma nthunzi geothermal chomera

Izi mapanelo ali ndi kapangidwe kosavuta komanso kwakale. Ndi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito nthunzi molunjika pa kutentha kwa pafupifupi madigiri 150 kapena kupitilira apo kuyendetsa chopangira mphamvu ndikupanga magetsi.

Flash Steam Chipinda

magetsi otentha otentha

Mitengoyi imagwira ntchito pokweza madzi otentha m'mitsime ndikuiika m'matangi otsika kwambiri. Kupanikizika kukatsika, gawo lina lamadzi limatulutsa nthunzi ndikupatukana ndi madzi kuyendetsa chopangira mphamvu. Monga nthawi zina, madzi amadzimadzi owonjezera ndi nthunzi yotenthedwa imabwezeretsedwanso mosungira.

Malo Ozungulira a Binary

Chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi chozungulira

Awa ndi amakono kwambiri ndipo amatha kugwira ntchito kutentha kwamadzimadzi madigiri 57 okha. Madziwo ndi otentha pang'ono ndipo amadutsa pambali pa madzi ena amadzi otentha kwambiri kuposa madzi. Mwanjira imeneyi, ikagwirizana ndi madzi, ngakhale kutentha kwa madigiri 57 okha, imatulutsa nthunzi ndipo itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kusuntha makina amagetsi.

Ndi chidziwitso ichi, palibe chikaiko chilichonse chokhudzana ndi kayendedwe ka mphamvu yamafuta.

Kodi kutentha kwamphamvu kumagwira ntchito bwanji? Tikukuwuzani:

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Kutentha kwa mpweya

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