Zomera zamagetsi ku Spain

makina opangira zida za nyukiliya ku Spain

Tikudziwa kuti ku Spain pali zida zisanu zamagetsi zomwe zikugwira ntchito. Awiri mwa iwo ali ndi mapasa awiri, chifukwa chake titha kuwerengera kuchuluka kwa makina opangira zida zonse ngati 5. Tilinso ndi fakitale ina yamagetsi yanyukiliya yomwe ingaleke kugwira ntchito, motero kutseka kwake kuli pafupi. Mphamvu za nyukiliya zili ndi maubwino ndi zovuta zake ngati mtundu uliwonse wamagetsi. Pulogalamu ya makina opangira zida za nyukiliya ku Spain Ndi omwe amapereka gawo limodzi lamagetsi onse mdziko lathu.

Chifukwa chake, tipereka nkhaniyi kukuwuzani chilichonse chomwe mukufuna kudziwa zamphamvu zamagetsi ku Spain.

Zomera zamagetsi ku Spain

malo opangira zida za nyukiliya ku Spain

Pali magulu 7 a magetsi opanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Kumbali imodzi, tili ndi magulu opangira mphamvu zamagetsi zamadzi opepuka mopanikizika ndipo, komano, awo amadzi owira otentha. Tikudziwa kuti chifukwa cha ukalamba tili ndi gulu lazomera zochepa mndandanda wazomera: Almaraz okhala ndi mayunitsi awiri, Ascó okhala ndi mayunitsi awiri, Vandellós II ndi Trillo. Ichi ndi chomera chomaliza chomwe chidakhazikitsidwa mdziko lathu.

Ponena za gulu la madzi otentha, tili ndi yakale kwambiri, yomwe ndi Santa María de Garoña, wotsatiridwa ndi Cofrentes. Ili ndiye lomwe likutha ntchito, motero litsekedwa posachedwa.

Tiwunika magawo ndi magawo zina mwazomwe zida zazikulu za zida zanyukiliya ku Spain.

Chomera cha Almaraz cha nyukiliya

kuipitsa

Ili m'chigawo cha Almaraz, ku Cáceres pagombe lamanzere la Mtsinje wa Tagus. Amapangidwa ndi mayunitsi awiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito makina anyukiliya opangira nthunzi ndi makina othamangitsira madzi. Makinawa amaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku North America. Ntchito yopanga zida za nyukiliya idayamba pa Meyi 1, 1981, pomwe yachiwiri ku Almaraz Adachita izi pa Okutobala 8, 1983.

Tikudziwa kuti mayunitsi onsewa apanga kukhazikitsanso chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mpaka chaka cha 2027 ndi 2028, motsatana.

Chomera cha Ascó

Ndi malo opangira zida za nyukiliya omwe ali ku Tarragona m'mbali mwa mtsinje wa Ebro. Monga wakale uja, amapangidwanso ndi mayunitsi awiri. Iliyonse ya iwo imagwira ntchito makina opangira nthunzi za nyukiliya omwe amakhala ndi makina oyatsira magetsi. Makina omwewo amaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku America Westinghouse yochokera ku USA.

Ntchito yoyambitsa makina oyambilira idayamba mu 1984, pomwe yoyikapo yachiwiri idachitika mu 1986. Magawo onse awiriwa apatsidwa mwayi wokonzanso chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mpaka 2021 mu Okutobala.

Zomera za nyukiliya ku Spain: Cofrentes

mphamvu ya nyukiliya

Chomera chamagetsi ichi chili ku Valencia uko kumchira kwa malo osungira a Embarcaderos. Ali pagombe lamanja la mtsinje wa Júcar ndipo imagwira ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito makina otulutsa mphepo ya nyukiliya kuchokera ku makina oyatsira madzi owira. Ili ndi mpanda wokhala nawo womwe umaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku America General Electric Company. Malo okhala izi ndi amtundu wa MARK 3. Chomera chamagetsi cha Cofrentes Idayamba kugwira ntchito mu 1985 ndipo yasinthidwa mpaka Marichi 2021.

Santa María de Garoña chomera chamagetsi

Ndi chimodzi mwazovuta kwambiri ndi magulu azachilengedwe atapatsidwa zaka zawo. Ili mgwirizanowu wa Valle de Tobalina kumalire a kumanzere kwa mtsinje wa Ebro.Ili ndi makina opangira nthunzi za nyukiliya omwe amapangidwa ndi makina oyatsira magetsi. Ilinso ndi malo okhala ndi MARK 1 omwe amakhala ndi kampani yaku North America General Electric Company. Chomera cha nyukiliya chakhala chikutha kugwira ntchito kuyambira 2013. Izi ndichifukwa chakukula kwake ndipo sizingapangidwenso. Tsopano ili ndi mankhwala osiyanasiyana othandizira kupitiriza zinyalala za nyukiliya.

Chomera cha Trillo

Chomera chamagetsi ichi chili ku Guadalajara m'mbali mwa Mtsinje wa Tagus. Ili ndi makina opangira nthunzi za nyukiliya omwe amapangidwa ndi makina opangira magetsi. Makinawa ali ndi malupu atatu ozizira ndipo amaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku Germany Kraftwerk Union AG. Chomerachi chinayamba kugwira ntchito yake mu 1988 ndipo chapatsidwa kukhazikitsanso chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mpaka 2024.

Chomera cha Vandellós

Ili m'chigawo cha L'Hospitalet del Infant, m'mbali mwa Nyanja ya Mediterranean. Amagwira ntchito chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito makina opangira nthunzi za nyukiliya omwe amapangidwa ndi makina opangira magetsi. Makinawa amaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku America Westinghouse (USA). Ntchito yake idayamba mu 1988 ndipo idaperekedwa kukhazikitsidwa kwa chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu mpaka chaka cha 2030. Titha kunena kuti ndiye chomera chamakono kwambiri chanyukiliya chomwe chimakhala ndi moyo wautali kwambiri.

Zomera zamagetsi ku Spain ndi zabwino zake

Tiyenera kunena kuti mphamvu ya nyukiliya ili ndi zabwino zambiri komanso zovuta zochepa. Mphamvu ya nyukiliya ndi yoyera kwambiri m'badwo wake, popeza ma reactor ambiri amangotulutsa nthunzi yamadzi. Kupanga magetsi ndikotsika mtengo ndipo mphamvu zambiri zimatha kupangidwa ndi chomera chimodzi chokha. Izi ndichifukwa choti zopereka zamagetsi ndi zamphamvu.

Pazomera zamagetsi ku Spain titha kunena kuti kupanga mphamvu kumakhala kosalekeza. Mosiyana ndi mphamvu zambiri zongowonjezwdwa, kupanga ndi kwakukulu komanso kosasintha kwa masiku mazana angapo motsatizana. Tikhozanso kunena kuti ndi mtundu wa mphamvu zosatha. Pali akatswiri omwe amaganiza kuti tiyenera kuziyika ngati zongowonjezwdwa popeza malo omwe uranium amasungidwa pano akupitilizabe kupangira mphamvu zomwezo kwa zaka masauzande ambiri.

Komabe, ili ndi zovuta zina:

  • Zinyalala zake ndizowopsa. Ndizowopsa pathanzi la chilengedwe komanso kwa anthu.
  • Ngozi zitha kukhala zoopsa kwambiri.
  • Amakhala pachiwopsezo. Tikudziwa kuti masoka achilengedwe kapena zigawenga zomwe zimachitika pamalo opangira zida za nyukiliya zitha kuwononga kwambiri.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagetsi opangira zida za nyukiliya ku Spain ndi mawonekedwe ake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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