Chilichonse chomwe muyenera kudziwa za makina amphepo

Makina amphepo mumunda wapamphepo

Padziko lapansi la mphamvu zowonjezereka, mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mphepo mosakayikira zimawonekera. Choyamba chimakhala ndi zinthu zotchedwa ma paneli a dzuwa zomwe zimatha kutenga ma radiation a dzuwa ndikusintha kukhala magetsi. Chachiwiri chimagwiritsa ntchito makina otchedwa mphepo kuti asinthe mphamvu zomwe mphepo imakhala ndi magetsi.

Makina amphepo ndi zida zovuta kwambiri zomwe zimafunikira kafukufuku wam'mbuyomu kuti zikhale zopindulitsa komanso zothandiza. Kuphatikiza apo, pali mitundu ingapo yamagetsi amphepo ndi mphamvu ya mphepo. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zonse zokhudzana ndi makina amphepo?

Makhalidwe a makina amphepo

Makhalidwe amphepo yamkuntho

Monga tanenera kale, chopangira mphepo ndi chida chokhoza kusintha mphamvu yamphamvu ya mphepo kukhala yamagetsi. Izi zimachitika pogwiritsa ntchito masamba omwe amasinthasintha pakati pa 13 ndi 20 zosintha pamphindi. Zosintha momwe masamba amatha kuzungulira zimadalira kwambiri mtundu wamatekinoloje omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga komanso mphamvu yomwe mphepo imakhala nayo panthawiyo. Nthawi zambiri, masamba omwe amamangidwa ndi zinthu zopepuka amatha kutembenuka kangapo pamphindi.

Pamene masamba amayamba kuthamanga kwambiri, mphamvu yochulukirapo yamagetsi imatha kupanga motero mphamvu yake ndiyokwera. Kuti makina amphepo ayambe, pamafunika mphamvu zothandizira zomwe zimaperekedwa poyambitsa kayendedwe kake. Ndiye, ikangoyamba, ndi mphepo yomwe imayambitsa kusuntha kwa masamba.

Makina amphepo ali nawo theka la moyo woposa zaka 25. Ngakhale kulipira kwake komanso ndalama zake zakale ndizokwera, popeza zimakhala ndi moyo wautali, zitha kuchepetsedwa ndikupeza phindu pachuma, ndikuchepetsa zovuta zachilengedwe komanso mpweya wa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha womwe umapangidwa ndi mafuta.

Pamene ukadaulo ukuwonjezeka, kusintha kwa makina amphepo kumapangitsa kuti ikhale ndi nthawi yayitali yothandiza, komanso kuti izitha kupanga mphamvu zamagetsi zambiri ndikutha kudzipeza m'malo abwino kwambiri.

Ntchito

Zigawo za chopangira mphepo

Makina amphepo akuti amatha kusintha mphamvu zam'mlengalenga kukhala zamagetsi. Komabe, zimatha bwanji kupanga mphamvuzi? Makina amphepo amatha kupanga magetsi m'magawo osiyanasiyana.

  • Zoyenda zokha. Ili ndiye gawo loyamba momwe makina amphepo amayamba kugwira ntchito. Imatha kudziyendetsa yokha kuti igwiritse ntchito bwino mphamvu zoperekedwa ndi mphepo. Izi zimadziwika chifukwa cha zomwe zalembedwa ndi vane vane ndi anemometer zomwe zimaphatikizidwa kumtunda kwake. Alinso ndi nsanja yomwe imazungulira pa korona kumapeto kwa nsanjayo.
  • Kutembenuka kwa tsamba. Mphepo imayamba kutembenuza masamba. Kuti izi zitheke, kuthamanga kwake kuyenera kukhala mozungulira 3,5 m / s. Mphamvu yayikulu yofunikira pakukonzekera magetsi imachitika mphepo ikakhala ndi liwiro la 11 m / s. Ngati mphepo yamkuntho imaposa 25 m / s, masambawo amayikidwa mu mawonekedwe a mbendera kuti ma turbine amathandizira mabuleki, motero kupewa kupsinjika kwakukulu.
  • Kuchulukitsa. Ndi rotor yomwe imasinthira pang'onopang'ono kuti imatha kukweza liwiro kuchokera pafupifupi 13 pamphindi mpaka 1.500.
  • Mibadwo. Chifukwa cha kuchulukitsa uku komwe kumawonjezera kusintha pamphindi, mphamvu zake zimatha kutumizidwa ku jenereta yomwe adalumikiza, ndikupanga magetsi.
  • Kuchoka. Mphamvu zamagetsi zimapangidwa mkati mwa nsanjayo mpaka pansi. Ikayendetsedwa pamenepo, imapita kumalo obisika kupita kumalo komwe magetsi amakwera mokwanira kuti ayilowetse mumagetsi ndikugawa m'malo ena onse ogwiritsira ntchito.
  • Kuwunikira. Pazigawo zonse zopangira mphamvu kuti zizichitika moyenera, njira zowunikira ndi kuyang'anira zikufunika mosalekeza. Ntchito zovuta za chopangira mphepo zimayang'aniridwa ndikuyang'aniridwa kuchokera ku substation ndi likulu lolamulira. Chifukwa cha izi, chochitika chilichonse pakagwiritsidwe ntchito ka famu ya mphepo chitha kuzindikirika ndikukhazikika.

Mitundu yama makina amphepo

Kugwiritsa ntchito makina amphepo

Pali mitundu iwiri ya makina amphepo kutengera kagwiritsidwe kake kapangidwe ka mphamvu. Zoyambilira zimadalira olamulira ozungulira (ofukula kapena opingasa) ndi omaliza pamphamvu yoperekedwa.

Malinga ozungulira olamulira

Ozungulira olowera

Ofukula olamulira chopangira mphamvu mphepo

Ubwino waukulu wa makina amtundu wamtunduwu ndikuti safuna gawo loyendetsa lokha kukhala omni-wowongolera. Kuphatikiza apo, zida zake monga jenereta ndi zochulukitsira zimayikidwa pansi, zomwe zimapangitsa kusintha kwakukulu pakusamalira ndikuchepetsa mitengo yamisonkhano.

Pazovuta zomwe timapeza kuti ali nazo ntchito zochepa poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ndi kufunikira kwake kwamakina akunja omwe amakhala ngati oyambira masambawo. Komanso, pozungulira pomwe makinawo amafunika kuwomboledwa kuti akonzeke, makina onse amphepo amayenera kuwonongedwa.

Mzere wokhazikika

Cham'mbali olamulira chopangira mphamvu mphepo

Makina amphepo ambiri omwe amamangidwa kuti azilumikizane ndi netiweki yamagetsi amakhala ndi masamba atatu komanso olowera mopingasa. Makina amphepo awa ali nawo Kuchita bwino kwambiri ndikukwaniritsa kuthamanga kwambiri pamphindi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mukufunika kuchulukitsa pang'ono. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa chakumanga kwake kwakukulu, imatha kugwiritsa ntchito bwino gulu lamphepo lalitali.

Malinga ndi mphamvu yomwe yaperekedwa

Makina amphepo okhala ndi mphamvu zazikulu zamalonda

Kutengera mphamvu zomwe amapereka, pali mitundu ingapo yama makina amphepo. Yoyamba ndi zida zamagetsi otsika. Amalumikizidwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zama makina, monga kupopera madzi, ndi amatha kupereka mphamvu mozungulira 50Kw. Mitundu ina yazida zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kuonjezera mphamvu zonse zomwe zimaperekedwa. Masiku ano amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gwero lamagetsi pamakina opanga kapena magetsi opatula.

Zida zamagetsi zamkati. Awa ndi masekondi ndipo alowa kupanga osiyanasiyana pafupifupi 150Kw. Nthawi zambiri samalumikizidwa ndi mabatire, koma amakhala pamagetsi amagetsi.

Pomaliza, zida zamagetsi zamagetsi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi pamagetsi ndipo amalumikizidwa ndi gridi komanso m'magulu. Kupanga kwake kumafikira ma gigawatts.

Ndi izi mutha kudziwa zambiri zama makina amphepo ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito.


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