Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

kuipitsa mpweya

Padziko lapansi tili ndi magwero awiri amagetsi malinga ndi momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito komanso momwe amapangira. Kumbali imodzi, tili ndi Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu omwe ndi omwe amapezeka mwachilengedwe pang'ono. Sizingasinthidwe ndipo amazichita pang'onopang'ono poyerekeza ndi chiyembekezo cha moyo wamunthu. Mwachitsanzo, tili ndi kuchuluka kwa kaboni komwe kumatha kutenga zaka zopitilira 500 miliyoni kuti tisinthe. Mbali inayi, tili ndi mphamvu zowonjezereka. Ndizokhudza mphamvu zoyera komanso zochepa zomwe sizikuipitsa koma kuti pakadali pano pali zambiri zofunika kukonza.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani zamagetsi zamagetsi zosagwiritsidwanso ntchito, mawonekedwe awo ndi momwe amagwiritsira ntchito.

Mphamvu zopanda mphamvu

Mpweya wa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha

Pali mitundu iwiri ya mphamvu zosapitsidwanso: mphamvu yanthawi zonse ndi mphamvu zosazolowereka. Mphamvu yokhazikika yosagwiritsidwanso ntchito imaphimba zonse Zinthu zakufa monga mafuta, gasi, ndi malasha, ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga magetsi padziko lapansi.

Mitundu yamtunduwu imagawidwa pafupipafupi padziko lonse lapansi ndikupanga mphamvu zambiri pa nthawi, osayiwala kuti akhala oyendetsa mphamvu zamafakitale kuyambira pomwe injini yamoto idapangidwa.

Aliyense amadziwa zovuta zachilengedwe zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi mphamvuyi, monga kutentha kwa dziko, kukwera kwa kutentha ndi zina. Ichi ndichifukwa chake timagwira ntchito molimbika tsiku lililonse kuti tileke kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvuzi ndikuzisintha ndi mphamvu zowonjezekanso.

Monga magwero osapitsidwanso komanso osagwirizana, titha kupeza zomwe zimachokera ku biofuels, agrofuels kapena mafuta olimidwas ndi nyukiliya monga uranium ndi plutonium.

Mafuta akale

mafuta ngati magwero osapitsidwanso

Tifotokozera zomwe zimachokera ku mafuta, zikhalidwe zawo ndi momwe amagwiritsira ntchito.

Malasha: Malasha ndi gawo la mafuta ndipo ndi gwero lamagetsi losagwiritsidwanso ntchito. Ndi mchere wamtundu ndipo amakhulupirira kuti malasha ambiri idapangidwa pakati pa zaka 280 ndi 345 miliyoni zapitazo. Malinga ndi Unduna wa Zamakampani, Mphamvu ndi Ulendo waku Spain, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamtunduwu mu 2016 kunali 10.442 KTEP, wokhala pachinayi pazina zina zamagetsi.

Mafuta: Mafuta ndiye gwero lalikulu la mphamvu komanso gawo lina la mafuta chifukwa amapezeka m'matope apansi panthaka yakumtunda. Monga mafuta onse, ndi gwero losagwiritsidwanso ntchito ndipo limagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zinthu zopangira mapulasitiki ndi zotumphukira zina. Ku Spain, mphamvu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mphamvu iyi ndi 54.633 KTEP, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri poyerekeza ndi magetsi ena.

Gasi lachilengedwe: Gasi lachilengedwe ndiwachiwiri kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi ku Spain mu 2016, ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya 25035 KTEP. Ndi osakaniza ma hydrocarboni otengedwa m'madontho omwe atha kukhala pafupi ndi mafuta kapena malasha. Mphamvu imeneyi iyenera kukonzedwa isanagwiritsidwe ntchito zapakhomo kapena zamalonda, ndipo imakhala ndi ntchito zambirimbiri m'makampani, m'nyumba, kapena poyendetsa, monga kupanga magetsi.

Biofuels ndi agrofuels

Magwero osapitsidwanso

Biofuels ndi mphamvu yochokera mu chisakanizo cha zinthu zosiyanasiyana za organic. Amapezeka ku mitundu yaulimi monga chinangwa, chimanga, soya, mpendadzuwa, mitengo ya kanjedza komanso mitundu yamnkhalango monga paini kapena bulugamu.

Mafuta akulu kwambiri ndi bioethanol ndi biodiesel. Ku Spain, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamafuta, biofuels ndi zinyalala zowonjezeredwa kunali 6688 KTEP ku 2016, ndikukhala pachisanu ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zina zamagetsi.

Zosagwiritsidwanso ntchito: mphamvu za nyukiliya

Ngakhale pali kusiyana kwakukulu pamagetsi anyukiliya pokhudzana ndi mphamvu zina zosapitsidwanso. Ndipo ndikuti mphamvu yamtunduwu siyimatulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha m'nthawi yake, koma imapanga zinyalala zowononga zowononga zambiri zomwe ndizovuta kuchiza. Tiyeneranso kuwonjezeranso kuti zotayidwa zimatha kuipitsa chilengedwe komanso zimakhudza nthaka, madzi ndi mpweya.

Mphamvu za nyukiliya ndi mphamvu zopangidwa ndi kuwonongeka kwa ma atomu a uranium. Mphamvu yotenthetsayi imaphika madzi omwe amapezeka mu zida za nyukiliya ndipo amasandulika mphamvu yamagetsi ndimagetsi.

Uranium ndi mchere wambiri womwe umapezeka m'chilengedwe, ndikupangitsa kuti ukhale chinthu chosapanganso. Ku Spain, malinga ndi lipoti la Unduna wa Zamakampani, Mphamvu ndi Ulendo, mphamvu iyi imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu 15.260 KTEP, ndikukhala wachitatu pakati pamagetsi ena.

Tikayang'ana kumbuyo kuzinthu zazikulu zomwe sizinapitsidwenso mphamvu, tazindikira kuti kugwiritsa ntchito kwawo sikungafanane ndi malingaliro athu. Chowona kuti nthawi zonse kumvera nkhani zamphamvu zowonjezereka zitha kutipangitsa kuganiza kuti takwaniritsa kudzipereka kwathu kuzachilengedwe, koma sizili choncho.

Ubwino ndi zovuta

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti magetsi osagwiritsidwanso ntchito ali ndi zabwino komanso zoyipa. Sizinthu zonse zomwe zingakhale zakuda kapena zoyera potengera mphamvu. Choyamba, lingalirani za maubwino ake. Tiyeni tilembere pamndandandawu:

  • Kupezeka kwa mafuta ndi malasha ndibwino.
  • Zipangizo zamakono zogwiritsira ntchito magetsiwa zimapangidwanso bwino.

Zinthu ziwirizi, mwa zina zochepa, ndizomwe zimapangitsa mphamvu zopanda mphamvu kukhala zotsutsana monga ziliri masiku ano. Kusintha kwachitukuko komwe kumayendetsedwa ndi mphamvu zowonjezeredwa kudzafunika kusintha kwakukulu momwe timagwiritsira ntchito mphamvu.

Tsopano tiwunika zomwe zili zovuta za magwero osapitsidwanso:

  • Pomwe magetsi osapitsidwanso atha, sangasinthidwe kapena kupatsidwanso mphamvu.
  • Kutulutsidwa kwa mphamvu zosapitsidwanso ndi zinthu zina zomwe amasiya kumbuyo kumawononga chilengedwe. Palibe kukayikira kuti mafuta amafalitsa kutentha kwadziko.
  • Mafuta akale akawotchedwa, nitrous oxides amachititsa kuipitsa mankhwala, sulfure dioxide imapanga mvula yamchere ndipo imatulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.
  • Chovuta chachikulu ku mphamvu zosapitsidwanso ndizovuta zosiya chizolowezi chodalira.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mutha kuphunzira zambiri zamagetsi osagwiritsidwanso ntchito komanso mawonekedwe awo.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.