Kodi mphamvu yotentha yamphamvu yamagetsi imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Kutentha kwa dzuwa mphamvu

Tikamakamba za mphamvu ya dzuwa, chinthu choyamba chomwe timaganizira ndi ma solar. Imeneyi ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic, mwina mphamvu yotchuka kwambiri pamphamvu zonse, komanso mphepo. Komabe, pali mtundu wina: mphamvu ya dzuwa yotentha.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zonse zamtunduwu wa mphamvu ya dzuwa, kuyambira chomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mpaka pazomwe imagwiritsa ntchito, kudzera pamachitidwe ake, pitilizani kuwerenga 🙂

Kodi mphamvu yotentha ndi dzuwa ndi chiyani?

Kodi mphamvu yotentha ya dzuwa ndi chiyani?

Monga momwe dzinalo likusonyezera, ndi mtundu wa mphamvu yowonjezeredwa komanso yoyera yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa kuti ipange magetsi. Mosiyana ndi ma solar omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mphamvu ya photovoltaic kuti apange magetsi kuchokera ku ma photon of light omwe amapezeka mu radiation ya dzuwa, mphamvu imeneyi amatenga mwayi ndi cheza chotenthetsera kutentha madzi.

Cheza cha dzuŵa chikamenya madzimadziwo, amawawotha ndipo madzi otentha ameneŵa angagwiritsidwe ntchito m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Kuti mupeze lingaliro labwino, 20% yogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kuchipatala, hotelo kapena nyumba zikufanana ndi madzi otentha. Ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa yotenthetsera madzi titha kutentha madzi ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito mwayiwo kuti, mgawo lamagetsi ili, sitiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito zakale kapena mphamvu zina.

Zachidziwikire kuti mukuganiza kuti madzi amitsinje, nyanja ndi malo osungira amakhala pangozi ya dzuwa ndipo, satentha. Ndipo ndikuti kuti mupindule ndi ma radiation a dzuwa kuyika kwapadera ndikofunikira kuthandizira kutentha madzi kuti adzagwiritsidwe ntchito pambuyo pake.

Mphamvu yamafuta a dzuwa imathandizira kwambiri pakuchepetsa ndalama, potero imapulumutsa mphamvu ndikuchepetsa mpweya wa CO2 womwe umayambitsa kutentha kwa dziko ndikuyambitsa kusintha kwa nyengo.

Zigawo za unsembe matenthedwe

Tikadziwa kuti kutentha kwa dzuwa ndi chiyani, tiyenera kukhala ndi zinthu zofunika kuti timange dzuwa lomwe limatilola kuti tigwiritse ntchito mphamvuzi.

Wogwira

Kutentha kwa dzuwa kotentha

Chinthu choyamba chomwe kukhazikitsa kwa mtundu uwu kuyenera kukhala ndi wosonkhanitsa kapena gulu la dzuwa. Gulu lazomwezi sizigwira ntchito chimodzimodzi ndi photovoltaic yodziwika bwino. Ilibe khungu la photovoltaic lomwe limasonkhanitsa zithunzi za kuwala kuti ziwasinthe kukhala mphamvu, koma m'malo mwake Tiloleni kuti titenge ma radiation a dzuwa kuti ayambe kutenthetsa madzimadzi Kuzungulira mkati mwawo. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya osonkhanitsa komanso ndi magwiridwe antchito.

Hayidiroliki dera

Hayidiroliki dera

Yachiwiri ndi hydraulic dera. Izi ndi mapaipi omwe amapanga dera lomwe timanyamula madzi otentha otentha omwe azisamalira zomwe tichite. Dera limakhala lotsekedwa m'malo ambiri. Chifukwa chake, pali zokambirana za njira imodzi yamasekondi, kuchokera pagululi, ndi maulendo obwezera, mpaka pagululo. Zili ngati dera ili ngati madzi otentha omwe amathandizira kutentha kwa malo.

Wowonjezera kutentha

Ali ndi udindo wonyamula kutentha kudzera mdera. Wosinthitsa kutentha amasamutsira mphamvu yomwe dzuwa limagwira kumadzi. Nthawi zambiri amakhala kunja kwa thankiyo (yotchedwa osinthira mbale) kapena mkati (koyilo).

Wowonjezera

dzuwa matenthedwe mphamvu accumulator

Popeza kufunika kwa mphamvu ya dzuwa sikumakhala kofanana nthawi zonse, monga mu photovoltaics, zimafunikira makina osungira mphamvu. Poterepa, mphamvu ya dzuwa yotentha imasungidwa mu zotolera. Chowunjikirachi chimatha kusunga madzi otentha kuti akhalepo nthawi yomwe timawafuna. Ndi akasinja omwe ali ndi kuthekera komanso kutchinjiriza kofunikira kuti tipewe kuwonongeka kwa mphamvu ndikusunga madzi nthawi zonse.

Mapampu oyenda

mapampu oyenda

Kuti munyamulire madzimadzi kuchokera pamalo ena kupita kwina, pamafunika mapampu omwe amathandiza kuthana ndi kutsitsa kwa madera ndi mphamvu za mikangano ndi mphamvu yokoka.

Wothandiza mphamvu

Pakakhala kuchepa kwa cheza cha dzuwa, kupanga kwa mphanvu kumachepa. Koma ndichifukwa chake kufunikirako kumachitanso chimodzimodzi. Pokumana ndi vuto lamtunduwu momwe kufunikira kumapitilira kupezeka, tidzafunika thandizo lomwe limatenthetsa madzi ndipo ndilo osadalira mphamvu ya dzuwa. Izi zimatchedwa jenereta yosungira.

Ndi chowotcha chomwe chimayamba kugwira ntchito m'malo omwe kutentha kwa dzuwa kumakhala kosavomerezeka ndikuwotcha madzi osungidwa.

Zinthu Zofunika Kuti Chitetezeke

Ndikofunika kukhala ndi chitetezo kuti zitsimikizire kuti kuyika kumagwira ntchito bwino ndipo sikukuwonongeka pakapita nthawi. Zinthu zomwe zimapanga chitetezo ndi:

Zombo zokulitsa

Finyani magalasi

Monga tikudziwa, monga madzi amawonjezera kutentha kwake, momwemonso mphamvu yake. Pachifukwa ichi, pakufunika chinthu chomwe chingathe kuyamwa kuwonjezeka kwa voliyumu pamene madzi otentha amatulutsa. Zombo zowonjezera zikugwiritsidwa ntchito izi. Pali mitundu ingapo yamagalasi: yotseguka komanso yotseka. Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi zotsekedwa.

Mavavu otetezera

Mavavu amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyang'anira kuthamanga. Mtengo wakapanikizika ukafika, valavu imatulutsa madzi kuti zipsinjo zisafike pazowopsa.

Glycol

Glycol ndimadzimadzi abwino kunyamula kutentha kwa kutentha kwa dzuwa. Chofunika kwambiri ndikuti zikhale madzi oletsa kutentha, popeza m'malo omwe kutentha kumakhala kotsika kwambiri, kuzizira kwamaseketi kumatha kuwononga makina onsewo. Kuphatikiza apo, madzimadziwo sayenera kukhala owopsa, osawira, osawononga, ali ndi kutentha kwakukulu, sayenera kuwonongedwa komanso kuwononga ndalama. Kupanda kutero, mphamvu sizingakhale zopindulitsa.

Chofunikira pakukhazikitsa kwamtunduwu ndikuti mukhale ndi kuchuluka kwa madzi 60% ndi 40% glycol.

Kutentha kumamira

Popeza nthawi zambiri madzi amawotcha kwambiri, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi heatsinks omwe amaletsa kutentha koopsa uku. Pali ma heatsinks osasintha, mafani, ndi zina zambiri.

Misampha

kukhetsa basi

Misampha imatha kutulutsa mpweya womwe umadzaza mkati mwa ma circuits ndipo umatha kuyambitsa mavuto akulu pakugwiritsa ntchito unsembe. Chifukwa cha zotsuka izi mpweya ungachotsedwe.

Makinawa ulamuliro

Kutentha kwa dzuwa kwa magetsi

Ndicho chomwe chimapangitsa kuti zonse zizigwira ntchito moyenera, chifukwa imaganiza kuti ndizoyendetsa zokha zomwe zimayeza kutentha kwa mapanelo, akasinja, mapulogalamu, kuyatsa kwa magetsi otenthetsera magetsi (ngati dongosolo lino lilipo), mapulogalamu, ma pump control, ndi zina zambiri.

Ndi izi mutha kudziwa zambiri zamagetsi amagetsi otentha ndi ntchito zake.


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