Kusintha kosinthika kwa Chile ndi oyandikana nawo

Chile

Unduna wa Zamphamvu ku Chile, Andrés Rebolledo adawonetsa ofuna kutchuka mapangidwe azisinthiko azamphamvu zowonjezekanso mdziko lanu, pomwe cholinga ndikuti dziko likhale ndi 70% yamtunduwu pofika 2050.

Boma latsimikizira kuti, "M'zaka zinayi zapitazi, dzikolo lidayambitsa kusintha kwa mphamvu komwe kwasintha kusintha kwa mibadwo, ndikupanga zokhazikika, yoyera, yosafuna ndalama komanso yosamalira zachilengedwe ».

Mwanjira imeneyi, Chile yakhala mtsogoleri waku Latin America ku Non-Conventional Renewable Energy (NCRE). Malinga ndi zomwe tatchulazi, 17% ya okwana mphamvu M'dzikoli limafanana ndi mphamvu zoyera ndipo zikuyembekezeka kuti pofika 2020 20% ya matrixyo idzamalizidwa, yomwe idakonzedweratu ku 2025.

Koma titha kufunsa, NCRE ndi chiyani? Pakati pawo pali kutentha kwa dzuwa, dzuwa, mphepo, mphamvu yamafunde ndi hayidiroliki mphamvu zomera. Chinsinsi cha gululi ndikuti amaipitsa zochepa kuposa magetsi ena wamba ndikuchepetsa mpweya wa CO2.

M'malo mwake, mphamvuzi kuyambira mwezi wa Marichi 2014 zimangofanana ndi 7% ya matrix onse, kufika 15% kumapeto kwa 2017.

Chile

Chifukwa chake, olamulira adatsimikiza za kusintha kwakukulu yomwe yakhazikitsidwa mzaka zaposachedwa imayankha mfundo zaboma zomwe zidapangidwa molumikizana ndi mabungwe aboma komanso anthu wamba, kuwonetsetsa kuti "gawo lamagetsi limatsogolera ndalama ndipo lakwanitsa kuchepetsa kwambiri mitengo yake, ndicholinga chokopa mabizinesi atsopano ndipo ali ndi mpikisano wapamwamba".

Adatsimikiziranso kuti pali malo azachilengedwe omwe ali ndi malamulo omveka bwino komanso okhazikika pazachuma chakunja.

Wotsogolera wamkulu wa Imagen de Chile, Myriam Gómez, akutsimikiza kuti "mosakayikira, khalani ndi matrix oyang'ana mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito zachilengedwe mwanzeru, njira zodalirika mtsogolo, ndizofunikira mdziko lathu. M'malo mwake, malinga ndi lipoti la 2017 laupangiri wapadziko lonse a Ernst & Young, Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index, dzikolo lili pachisanu ndi chimodzi padziko lonse lapansi pakati pa mayiko omwe ali ndi mwayi wabwino pakukula kwa NCRE ".

Kupatula Chile, pali mayiko ena ku America omwe akubetcha pazinthu zowonjezeredwa

Argentina

Argentina nawonso omwe adakhalabe opanda chidwi komanso opanda chidwi ndi kusintha kosinthika, wayamba kuswa ayezi ndikulimbikitsa mphamvu ya dzuwa. Ku Jujuy, mwachitsanzo, pali tawuni ya 100% ya mphamvu ya dzuwa yomwe yawonetsa kusintha komwe kukuchitika ku Argentina. Dzikoli likuyembekeza kuti lipange 8% yamatrix ake amtundu wamagetsi pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu zowonjezekanso zaka zingapo.

Mexico

Mexico yakhazikitsa chaka chino gawo lomaliza la chimodzi mwazomera zazikulu kwambiri ku Latin America. Aura Solar I idakhazikitsidwa ku Baja California Sur munthawi ya miyezi isanu ndi iwiri yokha ndipo kuyambira Seputembara 2013 idayamba kusintha kuwala kwa dzuwa kukhala njira zina zosinthira, zomwe zafika kale gawo lina ladzikoli.

mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi mtengo wowala

Chaka chino, chomeracho chidzatsegulidwa chonse, ndikupanga mphamvu zoyera kudyetsa mamiliyoni aku Mexico. Malo ake amakhala Mahekitala 100 a La Paz Industrial Park. Boma la Mexico likuwonetsa kuti chomera cha Aura Solar chokhala ndi maselo 131.800 chichepetsa kuipitsidwa ndi matani 60 a CO2 pachaka.

Peru

Komanso mayiko ngati Peru akulimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi. Vuto la gawoli ndikubweretsa mphamvu kwa anthu aku Peru aku 2,2 miliyoni akumidzi kudzera pakuwonjezera maukonde ndi mayankho osagwirizana ndi mapanelo a dzuwa, omwe adzalandire ndalama, kukhazikitsa, kugwira ntchito ndikukonzanso. .

Maiko ena

En Panama, Makampani a 31 adagwira nawo ntchito yoyamba yopezera mphamvu zazikulu za dzuwa chaka chatha. Ntchitoyi ikuyambika mwachangu 66 MW ndi a ndalama pafupifupi $ 120 miliyoni

Guatemala Ili ndi imodzi mwazomera zazikulu kwambiri m'derali zomwe zili ndi 5 MW yamagetsi komanso pafupifupi mapanelo a 20 zikwi. Sabata ino Eduardo Font, Woyang'anira wamkulu wa mafakitale a Painsa, adati akukonzekera ndalama zokwana madola 12 miliyoni mu chomera cha 8MW.

Germany Development Bank (KFW) idalandira El Salvador ngongole ya 30 miliyoni ya ngongole kumakampani opanga mphamvu zamagetsi ang'onoang'ono komanso apakati, makamaka dzuwa. Boma la El Salvador ndi makampani atatu amagetsi adasaina mapangano anayi opanga ndikupereka mphamvu zamagetsi zamagetsi zama megawatts 94 pamtengo wapafupifupi 250 miliyoni dollars.

Honduras Ndi dziko lotsogola ku Central America komanso lachitatu pakukula ku Latin America. Mu kanthawi kochepa, yakhazikitsa mbewu khumi ndi ziwiri ku Choluteca ndi madera ena mdzikolo.

Mu 2013 China ndi Costa Rica adasaina mapangano a madola 30 miliyoni kuti athandizire kukhazikitsa mapanelo azaka zikwi 50. Kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino Costa Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) yalengeza zakusintha kwa mapulani oyendetsa ndege zogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zanyumba zomwe cholinga chake ndikufikira makasitomala 600 zikwi. M'zaka 7 zapitazi, madola 1,700 biliyoni AKUDZIDZITSIDWA MU NTCHITO ZA NTCHITO ZONSE ZOPHUNZITSIRA (Dzuwa, Mphepo, magetsi, pakati pa ena).

costa-rica-yekha-amagwiritsa ntchito-mphamvu-yowonjezera-mphamvu-yopanga-magetsi


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