Zowonjezera zowonjezereka ku Argentina

Zaka zopitilira 2 zapitazo, makamaka pa Okutobala 15, 2015, idatsegulidwa kuletsa mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ku Argentina.

Tsiku lomwelo, lamulo 27.191 lidasindikizidwa mu Official Gazette, lamulolo linali kunyezimira yomwe idayatsa fusasi yakukula modabwitsa kwa zinthu zomwe zingakonzedwenso mdziko lakumwera.

mphamvu ya mphepo

Lamuloli laloleza kubwera kwa ndalama kuchokera Madola mamiliyoni a 7000 ndi mazana amakampani atsopano oti akhazikitse ndikuyang'anira makina opangira ma photovoltaic, minda yamphepo, masamba a biomass ndi biogas ndi makina opanga magetsi.

Pulogalamu ya RenovAr

Monga momwe tikufotokozera nkhani zina, uno ukhala chaka chabwino kwambiri pantchito zotsitsimutsa. M'malo mwake, ntchito zomwe zasainidwa m'miyezi 12 yapitayi ziyamba kumangidwa, kuphatikiza 26 yomwe ikumangidwa, yolingana ndi Pulogalamu ya RenovAr, wolimbikitsidwa ndi Boma.

Zilumba za Canary ndi mphamvu zowonjezereka

Ngati Argentina ikupitilizabe motere, ikwaniritsa cholinga chobisa 20% yamatrix ake amagetsi ndi mphamvu zowonjezereka pofika chaka cha 2025, lero chiwerengerochi sichinafikire 2%, koma ndi mbewu zatsopano pomangidwa zithandizira kufikira 8% chaka chino ndi 12% mu 2019.

China mphamvu zowonjezereka

Malinga ndi oyang'anira angapo: «Ndizodabwitsa kwambiri zikuchitika ku Argentina, dzikolo likudziyika palokha padziko lapansi ngati imodzi mwamisika yokongola kwambiri yopititsa patsogolo mphamvu zowonjezereka ".

A Juan Bosch, Purezidenti wa Saesa, wogulitsa gasi ndi mphamvu, akutsimikizira kuti Argentina ndi kukhala bwino kwambiri. "Mukayang'ana m'mbuyo zaka ziwiri zokha, mutha kuwona kuti dzikolo lidasewera muligi ina pankhani zongowonjezwdwa, lidangokhala ndi 1/2% yamphamvu zongowonjezwdwanso mu matrix yamagetsi. Lero kulibe nyumba yamphamvu yamagetsi yomwe ingapangidwenso komwe dziko la Argentina silikukambidwa ngati malo opezera ndalama ”.

mphamvu ya mphepo

Ndalamazi zikubwera kuchokera kudziko lonse lapansi. Izi zithandiza Argentina kuti amakula mdziko lomwe lingapangidwensoPomwe pano pali mphamvu yokhazikitsidwa ya 678 MW, Uruguay ili ndi 1720 MW (44% yamphamvu yake); Chile, 3740 MW (17%), ndi Brazil, 28.310 MW (18%).

Pakadali pano 678 MW yokha yamphamvu zongowonjezwdwanso zimadyetsa mphamvu yaku Argentina, pomwe kukwaniritsa cholinga cha 20% mu 2025 kungatanthauze kufika 10.000 MW. Kuti izi zitheke, boma linakhazikitsa pulogalamu ya RenovAr Program, yomwe ndi tchire lalikulu lomwe limagawidwa m'makampani opanga makampani osiyanasiyana.

Mpaka pano, yemwe anali ndi kufalikira kwakukulu anali Pulogalamu ya RenovAr, yomwe yamaliza kale maulendo atatu (kuzungulira 1 mu Ogasiti 2016; kuzungulira 1,5 mu Novembala 2016, ndikuzungulira 2 mu Okutobala 2017). Mtundu umafotokoza kuti pali kale 4466,5 MW zoperekedwa ndi makinawa, zomwe zikugwirizana ndi ntchito 147 (59 zozungulira 1 ndi 1,5 ndi 88 zakuzungulira 2). "Pachifukwachi tiyenera kuwonjezera ma projekiti ena 10 a resolution 202."

Photovoltaic Dzuwa Mphamvu

Mitengo

Ndalama zofunikira ndizofunikira kwambiri ndipo zimadalira mtundu waukadaulo womwe wasankhidwa: mwachitsanzo, kukhazikitsa MW yamphamvu mu mphamvu ya dzuwa, ayenera kupereka pafupifupi $ 850000, pomwe pa MW imodzi yamagetsi, pamafunika $ 1.2 miliyoni.

Pankhani yazachuma, dzikolo lilibe kaduka ndi mayiko ena. Pali mphepo yambiri (ndi mphamvu yabwino) ku Patagonia; dzuwa lalikulu Kumpoto (ngakhale kulinso ku Córdoba), ndipo kulipo zothandizira zambiri ya biogas ndi biomass m'dera laulimi. Palinso zotheka mu chomera chamagetsi chamagetsi.

Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndi zotchipa kusiyana ndi mphamvu zachikhalidwe: imodzi mwa ntchito zotsika mtengo kwambiri za RenovAr zatsekedwa ku US $ 45 pa MW / h iliyonse, pomwe lero wogwiritsa ntchito wamkulu amagula kuchokera ku Camessa ku US $ 70/80 MW / h. Kwa wogwiritsa ntchito wabwinobwino izi ndizofunikira kwambiri, popeza MW / h iliyonse yamphamvu zowonjezeredwa imachepetsa ndalama zamagetsi.

Mphamvu ya mphepo

Boma likufuna kupanga kusakaniza kwamagetsi kwa matekinoloje osiyanasiyana (mphepo, dzuwa, biogas, zotsalira zazomera ndi mini-hydro), koma chachikulu ndi mphamvu ya mphepo, komwe kuli kale mapangano omwe adapatsidwa kwa 2.5 GW yonse.

 

Mphamvu ya dzuwa

Pambuyo pa mphamvu ya mphepo, dzuwa ndilotsatira, ndipo ntchito zopatsidwa Wolemba 1732 MW. Pakadali pano, ukadaulo uwu ulibe malowedwe ambiri mdziko muno. Pali 7 MW yokha ku San Juan, komwe kuyenera kuwonjezeredwa chomera choyesera cha 1,5 MW m'chigawochi.

photovoltaic mphamvu ya dzuwa mu ziweto

Poterepa, 360 Energy ndiye, malinga ndi mphotho, kampani yayikulu kwambiri yamagetsi mdzikolo mdzikolo. Mtsogoleri wawo wamkulu, a Alejandro Lew, akunena kuti, monga gawo la zatsopano kusintha kosinthika, kampaniyi idasaina mapangano angapo pansi pa malamulo a RenoVar 1,5 Round (ma contract asanu ndi awiri, a 165 MW, ku San Juan, Catamarca ndi La Rioja, omwe mgwirizano wawo woyamba uyamba kugwira ntchito mu Marichi) komanso mu Round 2 (mapangano a 147 MW omwe ayamba kugwira ntchito mu 2019 ndi 2020, ku Catamarca, San Juan, La Rioja ndi Córdoba "Zonsezi, tidzagulitsa $ 300 miliyoni".

Lew akugogomezera kuti Argentina ikhoza kukhala mphamvu ya dzuwa. Makamaka kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa dzikolo, komanso m'malo omwe angawoneke sizothandiza kwambiri, monga chigawo cha Buenos Aires (chomwe chili chabwino kuposa madera ena aku Europe). "Kupititsa patsogolo komwe kukuyerekeza mphamvu ya dzuwa kukuwonetsa kuti mphamvu yonse yakomweko imatha kuperekedwa ndi gwero."

Mphamvu zina

Kumbuyo pang'ono, komanso ndi ndalama ndi ntchito, kubwera biogas ndi biomass. Pakadali pano 65 MW ndi 158 MW zapatsidwa, pantchito iliyonse. Masiku ano, mbewu za biogas mdziko muno zimawerengedwa ndi zala za dzanja limodzi (pafupifupi 10 MW), koma akuti miyezi 24 ikubwerayi padzakhala pafupifupi 30.

zotsalira zazomera zotentha

SeedsEnergy, ku lavula, u byelekezele ku rhandza ka $ 11 wa timiliyoni wa America wa ku tirhisa xiyimo xa biogas eVenado Tuerto (2 MW) na US $ 13 wa timiliyoni ku kambela yin'wana e Pergamino (2,4 MW). «Izi zikadakhala zoyambirira chifukwa timaganiza kukulitsa mphamvu. Ngati pali RenovAr 3, tilingalira kudzipereka tokha, chifukwa tikufuna kupanga zomeranso ndikubwezeretsanso phindu ».

Kusintha kobiriwira komwe kwachitika m'zaka ziwiri zapitazi kukuchititsa chidwi, ndipo kwapangitsa dzikolo kukhala loyang'ana mabizinesi padziko lonse lapansi, akufika ndalama zankhaninkhani, kusaina mapangano, mapaki ambiri amamangidwa ndipo ntchito imapangidwa. Pali njira yayitali yoti Argentina ipange mphamvu yoyera, koma mwala woyamba wayikidwa kale.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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