Kodi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani?

Kodi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani

Mkati mwa mphamvu zongowonjezedwanso, mphamvu yadzuwa ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri chifukwa imapangidwa kwambiri ndipo imatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi. Komabe, anthu ambiri sadziwa bwino Kodi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani kapena momwe zimagwirira ntchito moyenera.

Pachifukwa ichi, tikupatulira nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani, makhalidwe ake, mitundu ndi ubwino wake pakugwiritsa ntchito.

Kodi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani?

Ubwino wa mphamvu ya dzuwa m'nyumba

Mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi imodzi yomwe imatha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi mphamvu ya dzuwa kuchokera ku tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timapanga mphamvu yomwe imasinthidwa kukhala magetsi. Mphamvu imeneyi ndi yoyera kotheratu, motero siiwononga chilengedwe kapena kutulutsa mpweya woipa m’mlengalenga. Kuonjezera apo, ili ndi ubwino waukulu wokhala ndi zowonjezereka, ndiko kuti, dzuwa silidzatha (kapena kwa zaka mabiliyoni angapo).

Tikadziwa kuti mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani, tidzawona kuti ndi mitundu iti ikuluikulu yomwe ilipo: photovoltaic ndi thermal.

Kodi mphamvu ya photovoltaic ndi chiyani

mapulaneti a dzuwa

Kuti atenge mphamvu za dzuŵa, amagwiritsa ntchito mapanelo adzuwa omwe amatha kujambula zithunzi za kuwala kuchokera ku cheza chadzuwa ndikusintha kukhala mphamvu. Kupanga mphamvu ya photovoltaic, m'pofunika kujambula zithunzi za kuwala komwe kuwala kwa dzuwa kumakhala ndikusintha kukhala magetsi kuti agwiritse ntchito. Izi zikhoza kutheka kudzera mu njira yosinthira photovoltaic pogwiritsa ntchito solar panel.

Solar panel ili ndi cell ya photovoltaic ngati chinthu chofunikira kwambiri. Ichi ndi zinthu za semiconductor (zopangidwa ndi silicon, mwachitsanzo) zomwe Sichifuna ziwalo zosuntha, sichifuna mafuta, komanso sichimapanga phokoso. Selo la photovoltaicli likamawonekera mosalekeza ku kuwala, limatenga mphamvu zomwe zili mu kuwala kwa photons ndikuthandizira kupanga mphamvu, ndikuyendetsa ma electron omwe amagwidwa ndi magetsi amkati.

Izi zikachitika, ma electron omwe amasonkhanitsidwa pamwamba pa photovoltaic cell adzapanga mwachindunji panopa. Popeza linanena bungwe voteji wa maselo photovoltaic ndi otsika kwambiri (okha 0,6V), iwo olumikizidwa mu mndandanda, ndiyeno kutsogolo mbali encapsulated mu mbale galasi, ndi kutsogolo mbali encapsulated ndi zinthu zina odana dzimbiri. Msana wanu (chifukwa umakhala mumthunzi nthawi zambiri).

Maselo angapo a photovoltaic amaphatikizidwa ndikukutidwa ndi zipangizo zomwe zili pamwambazi kuti apange gawo la photovoltaic. Pamlingo uwu, mutha kugula kale zinthu kuti musinthe ma solar. Kutengera ukadaulo wake ndi mtundu wa ntchito, gawoli lili ndi gawo la 0,1 lalikulu mita (10 Watts) mpaka 1 lalikulu mita (100 Watts), mtengo wapakati womwe wawonetsedwa, ndi 12 V, 24 V kapena 48 V kutengera kugwiritsa ntchito.

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, kudzera mu ndondomeko ya kutembenuka kwa photovoltaic, mphamvu imapezeka muzitsulo zochepa kwambiri komanso mwachindunji. Mphamvuzi sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito panyumba, choncho m'pofunika kuti, pambuyo pake, inverter yamakono igwiritsidwe ntchito kuti ikhale yosinthika.

Kodi mphamvu yotentha ya dzuwa ndi chiyani?

Monga momwe dzina lake likusonyezera, ndi mtundu wa mphamvu zongowonjezedwanso ndi zoyera zomwe zimakhala ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa kupanga magetsi. Mosiyana ndi mapanelo adzuwa omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu mphamvu ya photovoltaic kupanga magetsi kuchokera ku ma photon a kuwala omwe amapezeka mu radiation ya solar, mphamvuyi imatengera mwayi wa radiation kuti itenthetse madzi.

Dzuwa likawomba madziwa, limatenthetsa ndipo madzi otenthawa amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito m’njira zosiyanasiyana. Kuti mumve bwino, dinani 20% ya mphamvu zamagetsi m'chipatala, hotelo kapena nyumba zimagwirizana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito madzi otentha. Ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa yotenthetsera madzi titha kutentha madzi ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito mwayiwo kuti, mgawo lamagetsi ili, sitiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito zakale kapena mphamvu zina.

Kutentha kwa dzuwa kumathandizira kwambiri kuchepetsa ndalama, kupulumutsa mphamvu komanso kuchepetsa mpweya wa carbon dioxide umene umayambitsa kutentha kwa dziko ndi kusintha kwa nyengo.

Ntchito zazikulu

mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani ndi mawonekedwe

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic ndikuyika ma sensor a photovoltaic ndi ma inverters apano, omwe amatha kusintha mphamvu yopitilira muyeso yomwe imapangidwa m'magawo a dzuwa kuti ikhale yosinthika ndikuyiwonetsa ku gridi.

Mtengo wa mphamvu ya dzuwa pa ola la kilowatt ndi wokwera mtengo kuposa machitidwe ena opangira magetsi. Ngakhale izi zasintha kwambiri pakapita nthawi. M'malo ena chiwerengero cha maola a dzuwa ndi okwera, mtengo wa photovoltaic wa dzuwa ndi wotsika kwambiri. Muyenera kukhala ndi mzere wodzipereka wokuthandizani pazachuma ndi zamalamulo kuti muchepetse ndalama zopangira. Pomaliza, tikuthandiza kuti dziko lathu lapansi lisadetsedwe, kusintha kwanyengo ndi kuipitsa.

Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito nthawi zambiri m'magulu otsatirawa:

  • Kuunikira. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwina kwa mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic ndiko kuunikira polowera, malo opumira ndi mphambano ya matauni ambiri. Izi zimachepetsa ndalama zowunikira.
  • Kuwonetsa. Mphamvu zamtunduwu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi powonetsa mumsewu.
  • Mphamvu yamtunduwu imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri m'magawo obwereza mphamvu zamagetsi, wailesi ndi wailesi yakanema.
  • Magetsi akumidzi. Mothandizidwa ndi dongosolo lapakati, mizinda yambiri yobalalika ndi matauni ang'onoang'ono amatha kusangalala ndi magetsi ongowonjezedwanso.
  • Mafamu ndi ziweto. Pofuna kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu m'madera awa, mphamvu ya dzuwa ya photovoltaic imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuwaunikira, ntchito mapampu madzi ndi ulimi wothirira mapampu kwa milking, etc.

Phindu

  • Ndi mphamvu yoyera kotheratu zomwe zimathandiza kuchepetsa mpweya wa carbon kwambiri. Chifukwa cha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake timapewa kubadwa kwa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha ndipo sitiyipitsa panthawi ya mbadwo wawo kapena pakugwiritsa ntchito.
  • Ndi gwero la mphamvu zongowonjezwdwa ndi zokhazikika pakapita nthawi.
  • Mosiyana ndi mphamvu zina zongowonjezwdwa, Mphamvu imeneyi imatha kutentha zinthu.
  • Sichifuna mtundu uliwonse wa zonse m'zigawo za zipangizo kuti zigwire ntchito. Izi zimapangitsa kukhala mphamvu yotsika mtengo. Solar panel imatha kukhala ndi moyo wothandiza wazaka 40.
  • Kuwala kwa dzuwa kumakhala kochuluka ndipo kumapezeka kotero kugwiritsa ntchito ma solar panels ndi njira yabwino.
  • Amachepetsa kufunika kogwiritsa ntchito mafuta oyaka kotero zimathandiza kuteteza zachilengedwe komanso kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe.

Ndikuyembekeza kuti ndi chidziwitso ichi mungathe kudziwa kuti mphamvu ya dzuwa ndi chiyani, mitundu yake ndi makhalidwe ake.


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