Iran imalimbikitsa kudzipereka kwawo ku mphamvu zowonjezeredwa

 

ndalama zochepa zamagetsi zamagetsi

Pambuyo podikirira kwanthawi yayitali, pafupifupi zaka 20 ndikudikirira, kuchokera pomwe ntchitoyi idapangidwa, akuluakulu aku Iran akhazikitsa chomera cha Mphamvu ya dzuwa ya Mokran, m'chigawo chakum'mawa kwa Kerman. Ndi malo ovuta kwambiri mdziko muno ndipo amatha kupanga ma megawatts 20.

Malinga ndi Minister of Energy a Iran, Hamid chitchian. “Mpaka pano, zopereka zakhala zikuperekedwa pamtengo wa 3.600 mamiliyoni madola azachuma akunja ku mphamvu zowonjezereka ".

Pakadali pano, Iran ili ndi mphamvu zopangira mphamvu zowonjezereka ku Middle East, monga mphepo, geothermal, magetsi ndi dzuwa; ndimphamvu yomwe imaloleza kutumiza mphamvu zamagetsi kunja. Iran imakhala ndi masiku opitilira 300 otentha pachaka, mphepo zabwino zamagetsi amphepo, komanso mitundu ingapo yamagetsi yopangira magetsi, pakati pazinthu zina zamagetsi zomwe zimapezekanso.

Mphamvu ya dzuwa

Zomwe zikuchitika ponseponse m'malo onse am'mimba, zomwe zimafotokozedwa mosavuta malinga ndi waku Germany Hans-Josef Fell, Purezidenti wa Energy Watch Group.

“Tsopano maukadaulo a dzuwa ndi mphepo ndiotsika mtengo kwambiri. Kutsika mtengo, mphamvu yochokera ku gasi, mafuta, malasha, nyukiliya ija ..., chifukwa chake, titha kusintha mphamvu zamagetsi ndi zina zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito mtsogolomo ".

mphamvu ya dzuwa mu ulimi

Posachedwa kwambiri, Iran ikhala ndi makina opanga magetsi a ma megawatt 100, omwe akhala chachikulu kwambiri ku Middle East.

Iran imawerengedwa ngati paradaiso wa kupanga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya dzuwa, amakhala ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa kwa maola 2.800 pachaka. Izi ndi zomwe mabungwe amapereka ndi boma zapereka mwayi wambiri wogulitsa mdziko muno.

california imapanga mphamvu zambiri zadzuwa

Mphamvu ya mphepo

La mphamvu ya mphepo ku Iran wakhala akukula kukula kwa mibadwo ya mphepo mzaka zaposachedwa, ndipo ali ndi pulani yowonjezerapo kukula kwa mphepo zamakono. Iran ndiye malo okha opangira makina amphepo ku Middle East.

Mphepo

Mu 2006, panali ma megawatts 45 okha opanga magetsi kuchokera kumagetsi oyimitsidwa (30th padziko lapansi). Uku kudali kuwonjezeka kwa 40% kuchokera pa megawatts 32 mu 2005. Mu 2008, ndimagetsi opangira magetsi ku Iran ku Manjil (m'chigawo cha Gilan) ndi Binaloud (m'chigawo cha Khorasan Razavi) onse adabwera Magetsi 128 megawatts. Pofika 2009, Iran inali ndi mphamvu yopanga mphamvu zamagetsi za 130 MW.

Kuthekera uku kukuwonjezeka chaka chilichonse, ndikutsegulidwa kwamapaki atsopano. Popanda kupitirira apo, Marichi watha omaliza adakhazikitsidwa. Ili m'tauni ya Takestan m'chigawo cha Qazvin, ndipo ili ndi mphamvu ya 55 MW. Ntchitoyi idalimbikitsidwa ndi Gulu la makampani a MAPNA, komwe adayika ndalama zoposa 92 miliyoni dollars.

Mphepo

Mphamvu yamagetsi

Iran imapanga ma megawatts 10.000 a magetsi, omwe ndiopitilira 14% yopanga 70.000 mv.

Chuma cha mafuta ndi gasi chachedwetsa kuzindikira kufunika kopanga mphamvu zowonjezereka, koma mapulani tsopano akukakamizidwa kuti awonjezere kupanga dzuwa, mphepo ndi madzi.

Chimodzi mwazomera zazikulu zaku Iran ndi chomera cha Siah Bishe, chomera choyamba chamagetsi Kusungitsa Kupopa Ku Middle East, Ntchito Yazaka Zinayi

Makinawa amakhala ndi madamu awiri pamtsinje wa Chalus, okhala ndi madamu 86 ndi 104 mita kutalika ndi 49 ndi 330 mita kutalika kwake ndi mamiliyoni pafupifupi 3,5 miliyoni cubic metres, yolumikizidwa ndi maipi a mega mkatikati mwa phirilo amagwetsa madziwo mwamphamvu pama turbine munthawi yofunikira ndikuwapopa m'mwamba usiku, pomwe pali magetsi osagwiritsidwa ntchito pa netiweki.

Boma likuwunikiranso zomwe zakwaniritsidwa ku Islamic Republic "kuti yakwaniritsa ntchitoyi ngakhale zoperewera zoperekedwa ndi zilango zapadziko lonse lapansi" mzaka zaposachedwa.

Chomera cha Siah Brisheh chidawononga pafupifupi mamiliyoni a 300 miliyoni ndipo chimafuna kulembedwa kwa anthu opitilira 5.000, ndi ndalama zokha ndi likulu la Iran ndipo 90% yaukadaulo ndi magawo ake ndi aku Iran.


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