France kutseka makina 17 a zida za nyukiliya pofika 2025

Mphamvu za nyukiliyaKusintha kwa Macron kukufikira magawo onse aku France, ngakhale limodzi losasunthika ngati mphamvu. Boma linalengeza modzidzimutsa mdima wa nyukiliya, makamaka kutseka kwa Makina 17 a zida za nyukiliya pofika 2025.

Nkhani yomwe inaphulitsidwayo inaponyedwa pokambirana ndi atolankhani a Minister of France of Ecological Transition, a Nicolas Hulot, omwe amalemekeza dzina lenileni la dipatimenti yanu (pamaso pa Environment and Energy) ndi zakale zake ngati katswiri wazachilengedwe. "Mwina kutseka kudzafika mpaka ma 17," adatero Hulot.

Kuzimitsa kwa nyukiliya

Kuzimitsidwa pang'ono kwa mdimawu kukadakhala ndi zotsatirapo zofunikira ku Europe konse, popezeka komanso pakufuna mphamvu.

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti kumapeto kwa chaka chatha, msika wamagetsi ku Spain adalembetsa kukwera kwamitengo (mpaka 60 euros MW / h poyerekeza ndi 16 mayuro pafupifupi), malinga ndi boma, mwa zina chinali cholakwika ndi kutsekedwa kwakanthawi kwa zida zingapo za nyukiliya ku France. Zinthu zinaipiraipira mu Januware, pomwe mitengo yamadzi aku Spain idakwera 96% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2016.

Ku Berlin, kutsekedwa kotsimikizika kwa malo opangira zida za nyukiliya ku France kulandiridwa ndi chisangalalo chachikulu chifukwa anthu akumalire aku Germany awonetsa kale nkhawa zawo za kukalamba paki yanyukiliya yaku France.

Kusintha kwa magwero atsopano a mphamvu kutsagana ndi mfundo zamagetsi za 2 injini za EU, chifukwa Germany idatseka kale makina asanu ndi atatu mu 2011 (pambuyo pa tsunami ya Fukushima) ndikulamula kutsekedwa kwa otsala 17 mu 2022.

mphamvu za nyukiliya sizilandiridwa ndi nzika zambiri

France idayambitsanso njira zopezera magetsi ndipo pazaka zisanu zapitazi, motsogozedwa ndi Purezidenti wa Hollande, idakhazikitsa lamulo lochepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za nyukiliya kuchokera ku 75% mpaka 50%.

Mulingowu udakhazikitsa chandamale pamapepala ndikukhazikitsa tsiku lomaliza la 2025. Koma sizinafotokozeredwe kuti mphamvu "basket" yatsopanoyo ingafikiridwe bwanji, ngati pochepetsa pang'onopang'ono kupanga zida za nyukiliya, kuchepetsa kapena kuwonjezera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zongowonjezwdwa.

famu yam'mphepete mwa nyanja kuti mupeze mphamvu zowonjezereka

Koma Hulot wayika chithunzi kwa nthawi yoyamba pazomwe zingachepetse kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zake pakiyo ya zida za nyukiliya. “Aliyense akumvetsa kuti kukwaniritsa cholinga chake ndikofunikira tsekani zida zingapo”, Undunawu walamula dzulo. Ndipo ngakhale adapempha nthawi yoti apange pulani yomaliza, adawonekeratu kuti wachita kale manambala oyamba. "Ndiloleni ndikonzekere zinthu, koma mwina kuzimitsa kumeneku kudzafika mpaka pamakina 17," adatero.

Mawu a Hulot angatanthauze kuzimitsidwa kwa 30% ya zida 58 zomwe France ili nazo, yomwe imapeza m'badwo wa 63 GWh pachaka.

Zikuwonekabe ngati nduna ya Macron itakwanitsa kukwaniritsa cholinga chake mdziko lomwe kampani yaboma ya EDF (yomwe ili ndi zida zamagetsi) ndi yamphamvu kwambiri mpaka akuti ndi utumiki wina wamagetsi.

Kusankhidwa kwa Hulot ndiimodzi mwamasewera oopsa kwambiri ku Macron. Purezidenti waku France adapereka mbiri yakale ya Energy kwa m'modzi mwa odziwika bwino komanso omenya nkhondo mdziko muno. Hulot, adakopedwa kale ndi maboma ena, koma anali asanavomereze kulowa kalikonse, popeza adatsimikizira kuti akhoza kukwaniritsa zolinga zake. Ndi Macron, pakadali pano akutero.

Mphamvu ya dzuwa France

Kusintha kwatsopano kwa France

Pang'ono ndi CO2. Kusintha kwa mphamvu komwe kudalengezedwa ndi Boma la Macron kukufuna kukwaniritsa mpweya wa zero CO2050 pofika 2, cholinga chofuna kutchuka komanso chachikulu kuposa chomwe chinagwirizana mu Mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wa Paris motsutsana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo. Mgwirizano komwe "modzidzimutsa" salinso United States.

Spain sichepetsa mpweya wa CO2

Kuphatikiza apo, France ikufuna kupanga 32% yamphamvu zake ndi mphamvu zowonjezeredwa pofika chaka cha 2030, zopitilira kawiri za lero (15,2%).

Kukula kwa zongowonjezwdwa

Malinga ndi Minister Hulot, "Zakale zakumbuyo zimachokera m'zaka za zana la 5 ndi XNUMX." Mumapulani ake atsopano ovomerezedwa pa Julayi XNUMX. Dongosololi likuphatikiza kuletsa kugulitsa magalimoto zomwe zimawononga mafuta, monga mafuta kapena dizilo mu 2040. Kuphatikiza apo, mchaka chomwecho, sizidzatheka kutulutsa mtundu uliwonse wa hydrocarbon panthaka yaku France.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.