Famu yayikulu kwambiri ku Spain ili ku El Andévalo (Huelva)

Famu ya mphepo ya Huelva

Spain, pokhala momwe ilili dziko la apainiya ndi pointer pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za mphepo, ngakhale mzaka zaposachedwa kukhazikitsidwa kwamapaki atsopano kwayimitsidwa. Ngakhale, titha kudzitamandira kuti tili ndi famu yayikulu kwambiri yamkuntho ku Continental Europe.

Ndi malo a El Andévalo, omwe ndi 292 MW yake mphamvu imangoposedwa ndi paki ya Whitelee, ku Scotland, yomwe ili ndi 322. Chodabwitsa ndichakuti onse ndi a kampani imodzi, ndipo ndi Spain, Iberdrola Renovables, komanso onse okhala ndi ma turbine ochokera ku Basque kampani ya Gamesa.

Pamene Andévalo anali ndi zaka zingapo zapitazo, kampaniyo idalumikiza malo ake mtsogoleri wamagetsi mphamvu ya mphepo ku Andalusia, ndi 851 MW, komanso ku Spain konse, ndi 5.700 MW.

Kodi Andévalo ali kuti?

Ili pakati pamatauni a Huelva a El Almendro, Alosno, San Silvestre ndi Puebla de Guzmán, kumwera kwa chigawo ichi cha Andalusian. Zovuta, zomwe zinayamba Kuthamanga mu 2010Zimapangidwa ndi minda yamagetsi eyiti eyiti: Majal Alto (50 MW), Los Lirios (48 MW), El Saucito (30 MW), El Centenar (40 MW), La Tallisca (40 MW), La Retuerta (38 MW) , Las Cabezas (18 MW) ndi Valdefuentes (28 MW).

Ponseponse, 292 MW yomwe yatchulidwayi, yomwe imalola kuti magetsi abwinowa pachaka azigulitsa nyumba zokwana 140.000 ndipo zimawerengedwa kuti zimapewa kutulutsa mpweya m'mlengalenga osachepera Matani a 510.000 wa CO2.

Munali mu February 2010 pomwe Iberdrola Zolemba adatenga malo onsewo. Famu ya mphepo ya Los Lirios ndiyo yomaliza yomwe idapeza, ngati gawo limodzi la mgwirizano wogula ndi kugulitsa m'minda yamafamu ku Andalusia yomwe idasainidwa ndi Gamesa. Ntchitoyi, yomwe ndi gawo la mgwirizano womwe makampani onsewa adasainira mu 2005 wokhudzana ndi kugulitsa minda yamphepo ku Andalusia. Mtengo wake womaliza udapitilira ma euro miliyoni 320.

M'malo mwake, monga tidanenera kale, paki yonse yamangidwa ndi Tekinoloje ya Gamesa, pogwiritsa ntchito mitundu iwiri yamagetsi, G90 ndi G58, omwe amapereka 2 MW ndi 0,85 MW zamagetsi zamagetsi motsatana.

Pochotsa mphamvu ku El Andévalo, Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción inathandiza Red Eléctrica de España mzere watsopano wamakilomita 120 womwe umalumikiza Puebla de Guzmán ndi tawuni ya Sevillian ya Guillena. Kuphatikiza apo, pulani yoyambayo idalingalira zomanga mzere wachiwiri womwe ungalumikizane ndi Puebla de Guzmán ndi Portugal, komwe kufunikira kwa pakiyi kulinso koyenera.

Ndikumanga kwa nyumbayi, 50 yatsopano kulunjika ntchito opangidwa kuti azigwira ntchito ndi kukonza mapaki, kuphatikiza pa ogwira ntchito ena 400 omwe adalowererapo panthawi yamapaki osiyanasiyana

Ngakhale momwe kuyikirako kwatchulidwira imagwira ntchito pang'ono kuyambira 2010, nyumbayi idakhazikitsidwa mu Marichi 2011 pomwe Purezidenti wa Junta de Andalucia, a José Antonio Griñán, komanso a Iberdrola Renovables, Ignacio Galán adakhalapo. Sizikunena kuti zovuta izi ndizomwe zimapereka ndalama zambiri m'chigawo cha Huelva, makamaka 292 ya 383,8 MV yamagetsi mchigawochi.

Zochulukirapo, kuti Andalusian Energy Agency ikuyerekeza kuti ndi 11,5% zopereka za Huelva ku mphamvu ya mphepo yamtundu wodziyimira pawokha, womwe ku Spain ndiomwe wakula kwambiri mgululi la zongowonjezwdwa pazaka zisanu zapitazi. Mphamvu zonse za mphepo za Huelva zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupezera nyumba 164.000 pachaka.

Iberdrola Amakonzanso Energía

Iberdrola Renovables Energía ndi mtsogoleri wabizinesi wa Gulu la Iberdrola lomwe lili ndi ofesi yolembetsa ku Spain, yomwe imagwira ntchito zopanga mphamvu zamagetsi ndikugulitsa mphamvu zamagetsi pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezeredwa ndipo, chifukwa chake, ikufuna kuchita ntchito zosiyanasiyana, ntchito ndi ntchito zokhudzana ndi bizinesi yopanga ndi kugulitsa magetsi kudzera m'malo omwe amagwiritsa ntchito magwero a mphamvu zowonjezereka.

Izi zitha kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi, mphepo, thermosolar, photovoltaic, kapena kuchokera ku zotsalira zazomera; kupanga, chithandizo ndi kugulitsa kwa biofuels ndi zinthu zotengedwa; ndi projekiti, uinjiniya, chitukuko, zomangamanga, ntchito, kukonza ndi kutaya malo omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa, kaya ndi a anthu ena, ntchito zowunikira, maphunziro a uinjiniya kapena mphamvu, kufunsa zachilengedwe, ukadaulo ndi zachuma, zokhudzana ndi mtundu wa malo .

Mphepo

Ntchito zomwe tatchulazi zikuchitika makamaka ku Spain komanso kudera lomwe limafikira Portugal, Italy, Greece, Romania, Hungary ndi kumayiko ena, ndipo zimachitika mwachindunji, kwathunthu kapena pang'ono, kapena kudzera pakugawana magawo, magawo, magawo kapena magawo ofanana m'makampani ena kapena mabungwe ena.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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