Anthu aku Ecuador akuti Ayi ku mafuta omwe amatulutsidwa ku Amazon

Chigawo cha Orellana

Masabata angapo apitawa, anthu aku Ecuador adalankhula amachepetsa malo opangira mafuta ndikutha kukulitsa malo otetezedwa ku Yasuní National Park, yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Amazon cha Ecuador.

Purezidenti Lenín Moreno adayitanitsa kukambirana kotchuka komwe nzika zidayankha kuti zifunse funso 7, lomwe linali; Mukuvomereza kuwonjezera malo osagwirika ndi mahekitala osachepera 50.000 ndikuchepetsa malo omwe mafuta amaloledwa ndi National Assembly ku Yasuní National Park kuchoka pa mahekitala 1.030 mpaka mahekitala 300?

Zotsatira zomwe zidapezeka zinali zomveka bwino ndi 67,3% ya mavoti akuyankha "Inde" ndipo mavoti 32,7% okha ndi omwe amayankha "Ayi". Kuwerengera 99,62% peresenti ya zolembedwa zomwe National Electoral Council (CNE) yachita.

En Pastaza ndi OrellanaM'madera omwe Yasuní amapezeka, mavoti omwe adalandira "Inde" anali ochulukirapo. Poyamba, anthu 83,36% adavomereza ndipo pachiwiri, 75,48% ya anthu adapereka "Inde" ku funsoli.

Malo otetezedwa a Yasuní National Park, Biosphere Reserve

Malo osungirako zachilengedwe a Yasuní ndi amodzi mwamalo okhala ndi zamoyo zambiri padziko lapansi.

Ili ndi chizindikiritso cha mitundu yoposa 2.100 ya zomera, ngakhale akuti pali mitundu yoposa 3.000. Kuphatikiza apo, mitundu pafupifupi 598 ya mbalame, 200 ya zinyama, 150 ya amphibians ndi mitundu 121 ya zokwawa zimadziwika.

Park iyi idapangidwa mu 1979, ikufika kuphimba malo okwana 1.022.736 ha ndipo, patatha zaka 10, the UNESCO (United Nations Maphunziro, Sayansi ndi Chikhalidwe) adalengeza gawo lonseli ngati Biosphere Reserve.

Yasuní, kupatula kukhala kwawo ndi mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo, Ndi kwawo kwa mafuko angapo achikhalidwe monga: Waorani, Shuar, Kichwa, Tagaeri ndi Taromenane. A 2 omaliza nawonso ndi matawuni omwe amakhala okhaokha.

Kugawa madera

Kale mu 1999, Tagaeri-Taromenane Intagible Zone (ZITT) idapangidwa ndi lamulo la Purezidenti wakale Jamil Mahuad.

Komabe, mzaka 2005-2007, kutalika kwa udindo wa Alfredo Palacios, deralo lidagawika, mpaka okwana 758.773 ha, malo otetezeka kwa makolo ndipo osatulutsa chilichonse, kuphatikiza kampani yamafuta.

Chifukwa chake, tanthauzo lenileni komanso kukula kwa funso lomwe anthu afunsapo ndi kukulitsa ZITT ndikuchepetsa malo ogwiritsira ntchito mafuta.

Lonjezani ZITT

Ku mahekala 758.773, akufuna kuwonjezera osachepera 50.000 ha.

Carlos Pérez, nduna yama hydrocarbons, wanena kale kuti adzakhala 62.188 zowonjezera ha.

Magulu angapo azachilengedwe, kuphatikiza YASunidos, adayitanitsa voti "Inde" pokambirana motere "Osatinso chimodzi." Komabe, adazindikira kuti panali zina zomwe sizinafotokozeredwe bwino pankhaniyi.

Pedro Bermeo, membala wa YASunidos adati:

"Ngakhale sizikumveka, silinena kuti ndi liti kapena motani, mfundo yoti Boma limavomereza kukhalapo kwa Anthu Akutali - kapena m'malo mwa anthu okhala pamakona - ndizothandiza kwambiri kuti anthuwa apulumuke, makamaka kukulitsa ZITT.

Kuchepetsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwamafuta ku Park

Ku gawo lachiwiri lafunsoli pomwe adati "kuchepetsa malo ogwiritsira ntchito mafuta ovomerezeka ndi National Assembly ku Yasuní National Park kuchoka pa mahekitala 1.030 mpaka mahekitala 300", satanthauza china chilichonse kupatula 1.030 mahekitala omwe National Assembly idavomereza kuti akhale malo opangira mafuta ku Yasuní, makamaka m'malo omwe amatchedwa Ishpingo, Tambococha ndi Tiputini (ITT), omwe adayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito mu 2016. Dera lomwe lili ndi 42% yamalo osungira dzikolo.

Ananenanso kuti avomerezedwa ndi Purezidenti wa nthawiyo a Rafael Correa, ntchito ya Yasuní ITT italephera, yomwe idafuna zopereka zapadziko lonse lapansi za madola 3.600 miliyoni, zathandizira pazaka 12, posinthana ndi kusiya mafuta m'derali.

Bermeo, yemwe ali ndi maphunziro aukadaulo kutengera malipoti a Petroamazonas omwe, akugwira ntchito mdera lomwelo ndikuwonetsa kuti mahekitala opitilira 300 akugwiritsidwa kale ntchito ku Yasuní komwe Boma likufuna, ati apereka chilichonse chotheka kuti amenye nkhondo zichitike. imani pamenepo.

mawu ndi anthu

Koma, Ramiro Avila Santamaría, loya, katswiri wa ufulu wachibadwidwe wa anthu komanso zachilengedwe, komanso pulofesa ku Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, yemwe akuwona kuti palibe chomveka pazomwe boma likufuna ku Yasuní adati:

“Sizikudziwika ngati kukula kwa malo osagwira ndi kumpoto, kumwera, kummawa kapena kumadzulo ndipo sikudziwika komwe mahekitala 300 adzakhala.

Pakadali pano, zikudziwika kale kuti bungwe laukadaulo lopangidwa ndi maofesi a Hydrocarbons, Justice and Environment ndi omwe akuyang'anira ntchito zowunika madera omwe adzaphatikizidwe mu ZITT ".


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.