Kodi umphawi wamagetsi ndi chimodzimodzi matenda?

mphamvu-umphawi

Umphawi wamagetsi a mayiko osauka kwambiri komanso omwe nyengo zawo zimakhala zovuta kwambiri zimapangitsa moyo watsiku ndi tsiku kukhala wovuta kwambiri ndi mutu wofunikira kukambirana. Tikulankhula za malo omwe kutentha kumakhala kopitilira muyeso ndipo kuzizira ndi kutentha kumafuna mphamvu yotenthetsera kapena yozizira.

Sikuti tikulankhula kapena kufananiza matenda ndi umphawi wamagetsi. Koma ndizowona kuti, nthawi zina, umphawi wamagetsi umatha kufa. Chaka amwalira anthu oposa 7.000 m'maiko momwe mabanja awiri mwa khumi aliwonse sangathe kuyatsa moto, kuphika kapena kuyatsa mdima chifukwa cholephera kulipira ngongole zawo zamagetsi.

Chitsanzo chapafupi ndi izi ndi cha Rosa, mayi wazaka 81 yemwe anafa ndi moto zomwe zinapangitsa kandulo yoyaka yomwe amayatsa. Chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito makandulo sichinali chachikondi kapena chapadera. Rosa sakanatha kulipira ngongole yake yamagetsi ndipo ankayenera kukhala ndi moyo wa makandulo. Milanduyi ipitilizabe kukula bola umphawi wamavuto ndivuto lenileni.

Malinga ndi Association for Environmental Science (ACA)Umphawi wadzaoneniwu umavutikira mabanja omwe samalandira mphamvu zokwanira zamagetsi chifukwa chovuta kulipira bilu. Zotsatira zaposachedwa zomwe zapezeka kudzera ku National Institute of Statistics (INE) zikunena izi Mabanja 11% (pafupifupi anthu mamiliyoni asanu) sangathe kutentha m'miyezi yozizira chifukwa sangathe kulipira ngongole zawo zamagetsi. Ikuunikiranso kuti 9,4% ili ndi kuchedwa pokweza ndalama zamagetsi. Ku Spain kuyambira 2008 mtengo wamagetsi samaleka kukwera chaka chilichonse. Mwanjira yoti nthawi iliyonse imakhala yosatheka kufikiridwa ndi magawo onse a anthu aku Spain.

Zotsatira za umphawi wamagetsi zimangopitilira kungolephera kuyatsa, kudya kapena kusamba, kapena kuyatsa. Umphawi wokhudzana ndi mphamvuwu ndiwokhudzana ndi kufalikira kwamatenda akuthupi ndi amisala - mphumu, nyamakazi, rheumatism, kukhumudwa kapena nkhawa - komanso kuwonjezeka kwa imfa kuchokera ku matenda amtima ndi kupuma pakati pa anthu azaka zopitilira 60 m'nyengo yozizira. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ACA yawerengetsa kuti amafa chifukwa cha umphawi wamagetsi pachaka ndipo amakhala 7.200. Chiwerengerochi ndi chochuluka kuposa kufa komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha ngozi zapamsewu.

chiwonetsero-mphamvu-umphawi

Tithokoze mabungwe omwe akuyang'anira ntchito yothandizira anthu omwe sangathe kugwiritsa ntchito kuwala kunyumba, monga Red Cross, milandu yakufa chifukwa cha umphawi wamagetsi sikuchulukirachulukira. Mwachitsanzo, a Red Cross chaka chatha adapezekapo Mabanja 16.887 kuwathandiza kulipira ngongole pafupifupi 30.000 zamagetsi, gasi ndi madzi, zomwe bungweli lidapereka 4,3 milioni ya euro.

M'miyezi yapitayi pakhala njira yomwe makampani amayesa kupanga mapangano kuti awonetsetse kuti palibe amene akusoweka ndikugwiritsa ntchito magetsi m'nyumba zawo.

Makampani amakonda Endesa, afika pamgwirizano 150 ndi makhonsolo amizinda, madera odziyimira pawokha kapena ma NGO, omwe akwanitsa kuthana nawo 98% ya makasitomala awo. Akutsimikizira kuti pakadulidwa theka la miliyoni zomwe zidapangidwa mu 2015, palibe amene adakhudzidwa ndi mtundu uwu.

Koma, Iberdrola amateteza 99% ya omwe amawalembetsa kuti asasokonezeke ndi magetsi kapena gasi kudzera pamapangano 44 osainidwa. Mwanjira imeneyi, amayesedwa kuti pakakhala kuzizira kapena kutentha kwambiri, okalamba amatha kukhala ndi magetsi kuti akwaniritse zosowa zawo.

Mtunduwu umasiyana ndi wa Atumiki a Mtendere, yemwe CEO wawo, a Nieves Tirez, akudandaula "kuwononga" makampani m'makampani ambiri omwe amalowererapo.

Pomaliza, titha kunena kuti gulu losauka kwambiri liyenera kuyesetsa kuti likhale ndi mphamvu m'nyumba zawo ndikuti mawu andale ambiri akuyenera kufunafuna ndi kupeza njira mwachangu kuti pasakhale milandu yonga ya Rosa.


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