Spain kwụsịrị ikpe mkpezi nke mba ụwa na mbụ n'ihi mbelata nke mmeghari ohuru

anyanwụ Ihe mbụ emere maka Alaeze nke Spain. Onyinye nke Courtlọikpe Mba Nile maka Mmezi nke esemokwu nke World Bank (ICSID), na-ekpebi na ikpe na-emebi iwu nke 10 nke Energy Charter, na-anapụ ọgwụgwọ ziri ezi na nha anya nke ego metụtara ABN Amro (Eiser).

Site na nkwuputa okwu nke ndi ikpe ato, na karia ike, ndi arbitiki ato ato gosiputara iwu na agbanweghi agbanwe. usoro iwu. N'ụzọ dị otú a, ọ na-atụle atụmatụ nke ndị gbara akwụkwọ ma katọọ Spain ịkwụ nde 128. Nke na-erughị ọkara nke ihe karịrị 3Nde mmadụ nde ha na-azọrọ.

Mana nke a dịka ọ bụ nanị mmalite ịgbaso otu akara usoro ndị fọdụrụ, ụgwọ ahụ ga-arị elu ruo ọtụtụ narị nde, n'ihi na enwere mkpesa 26 ndị ọzọ na-echere maka mbelata ego a na-akwụ site na ume ọhụrụ. Lọ ọrụ tinyere ego nke ukwuu na, mgbe Gọọmentị gbanwere iwu ma belata enyemaka (nke mbụ na njedebe nke 2010, ya na PSOE, na mgbe ahụ, na 2013, na nkwado nke mgbanwe nke ngalaba ọkụ eletrik site n'aka gọọmentị PP), ụlọ ọrụ ahụ gbara ndị Spain akwụkwọ.

Dabere na usoro iwu si kwuo, onyinye a bụ nke a ga-enweli ike site na ụbọchị enyere ya ma ọ nabataghị mkpesa, na-enweghị ajọ mbunobi na njikwa nke ndị Onye isi Spanish igbochi ngwa ahụ.

N'ezie, Mịnịstrị nke Energy kwupụtara na Fraịde a na nkwupụta na ọ nwere ike ịrịọ arịrịọ. "Gọọmentị na-eme atụmatụ na nsonaazụ nke onyinye a enweghị ike ịkọwapụta ma ọ bụ bụrụ usoro iwu ga-adịgide adịgide ”. “Onyinye a,” ka Energía na-agbakwụnye, “na-ekwupụta naanị, na na-ezo aka na mbara igwe ikuku atọ nke ndị gbara akwụkwọ na n’ihi ọnọdụ ha kpọmkwem, na mgbanwe ahụ emeela ka ndị nwe ya mebie na, na thelọikpe ahụ ekele dị ukwuu, a na-ewere oke ”

Usoro ọ bụla dị iche?

Dị ka gọọmentị si kwuo, usoro ICSID ọ bụla dị iche (mkpezi ikpe), na ozi na arụmụka enyere. N’echiche ahụ, cheta na ruo ugbu a ọ dịla mepụtara ndọrọ ego na mkpezi ikpe na, na ikpe ikpe abụọ dị n'ọhịa nke mmeghari ohuru nke ekwuputala n'ụzọ doro anya, “onyinye a egosila na alaeze Spain ezighi ezi n'ezoghị ọnụ".

Dabere na Mịnịstrị ahụ, ụlọ ikpe anaghị ajụ ikike gọọmentị nke Spain iwere usoro iwu kwesịrị ekwesị iji lebara ya anya mkpa ọha na eze, nke nwere ike ịgụnye mgbanwe emere. Nke ahụ bụ ikwu, n'echiche ya, "ọ naghị ajụ mgbanwe ọkụ eletrik nke Gọọmentị rụrụ na 2013 na 2014 nke mere ka o kwe omume ịkwụsị ụgwọ tarifu." N'echiche a, ọ na-ekwu na “onye ahụ a na-azara ọnụ chere nsogbu iwu gbasara ọha na eze ihu site na mmefu ego ya, ụlọ ikpe anaghịkwa ajụ ma o kwesịrị ndị ọchịchị Spain ịnakwere ezi uche ịnagide ọnọdụ ahụ ”.

Na Jenụwarị 2016, Arlọikpe Mkpebi ikpe nke Stockholm amaola ikpe na ikpe ọzọ nke Charanne BV na Construction Investments gbara, ụlọ ọrụ abụọ jikọtara Isolux, maka ịkpụ na mpaghara fotovoltaic, ọ bụ ezie na n'oge ahụ ọ bụ ihu ọma Spain. Nke ahụ bụ mkpezi ikpe mkpezi nke mba ụwa niile ga-esi n'aka ndị gbara akwụkwọ megide Spain n'okpuru Energy Charter Treaty.

Mgbe ị na-eme ntinye ego, Eiser bụ onye mmekọ na Spain nke Elecnor yana ụlọ ọrụ injinia Aries. Eiser, onye nweworo ndụmọdụ nke Allen & Overy, nwere 36,95% na Aries Solar Termoeléctrica (Aste), nke nwere osisi thermosolar 50 megawatt (MW) abụọ na Alcázar de San Juan (Ciudad Real), yana 33,83% nke Dioxipe Solar (Astexol), yana thermosolar ọzọ nke 50 MW na Badajoz.

Igwe okpomọkụ

Ulo oru itinye ego n’ime osisi ato ndia, kariri Emezuru nde 935 na 2007, n'otu afọ ahụ akwadoro iwu nke 661/2007 nke Royal, nke itinye ya n'ọrụ kpatara ọgba aghara na ntinye nke ume ọhụrụ. na mba anyị

Elecnor

Na nso Afọ iri isii nke uto na-aga n'ihu na ọnụnọ n'ihe karịrị mba 50, Elecnor abụrụla otu n'ime otu azụmaahịa ndị ama ama na Spanish na akara aka na akụrụngwa, ume ọhụrụ na ngalaba teknụzụ ọhụrụ.

La iche iche nke oru ya abụrụla otu n'ime usoro ahịhịa dị iche iche n'akụkọ ihe mere eme ya, nke nyere ya ohere ikpuchi mpaghara dị iche iche sitere na ọkụ eletrik, gas, ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe, okporo ụzọ ụgbọ okporo ígwè, nkwukọrịta, mmiri, usoro njikwa, iwu, gburugburu ebe obibi, mmezi nke akụrụngwa, na injinịa aerospace.

Su ike mba ụwa O dugawo ya na usoro mmeba na-aga n'ihu nke meghere ọnụ ụzọ maka ahịa ọhụrụ gburugburu ụwa, ndị isi bụ Central America, South America, Africa na Middle East.

Otu, na nkenke, nke mmezi ọrụ aka na ego na-enye ya ohere ịkwalite, ịzụlite ma wuo ụdị ọrụ niile na kọntinenti ise.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

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