Solar collectors

hnub ci collectors

lub hnub ci collectors Thermal collectors, tseem hu ua solar thermal collectors, yog ib feem tseem ceeb ntawm hnub ci thermal installation. Lub hnub ci collector yog ib hom ntawm lub hnub ci vaj huam sib luag uas yog lub luag haujlwm rau kev ntes lub hnub ci hluav taws xob thiab hloov mus rau hauv thermal zog. Yog li ntawd, hom hluav taws xob tauj dua tshiab no hu ua hnub ci thermal zog.

Hauv tsab xov xwm no peb yuav qhia koj txhua yam koj xav paub txog hnub ci sau, lawv cov yam ntxwv thiab kev siv.

Dab tsi yog solar collectors

solar collectors yog dab tsi rau

Lub hom phiaj ntawm hom hnub ci vaj huam sib luag no yog los hloov lub zog: lub hnub ci hluav taws xob uas lub hnub ci module tau dhau los ua kom sov. Hauv qee hom kev teeb tsa hnub ci thermal, qhov cua sov no nws yog siv los tsim cov chav thiab tau txais hluav taws xob, tab sis qhov no tsis yog lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub hnub ci sau. Ntawm qhov tod tes, photovoltaic panels muaj peev xwm tsim hluav taws xob ncaj qha rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm tam sim no ncaj qha. Photovoltaic panels yog ib qho tseem ceeb hauv kev teeb tsa hnub ci photovoltaic.

Los ntawm qhov pom ntawm lub cev, cov hnub ci sau siv cov thermodynamics rau lub zog hloov pauv. Nyob rau hauv sib piv, photovoltaic panels tsis siv cov kev cai ntawm thermodynamics los hloov lub hnub ci zog, tab sis theej txheej txheem hluav taws xob.

Hom hnub ci collectors

cov hlab ntsha

Muaj ntau ntau hom solar collectors. Lub hnub ci collector siv yuav nyob ntawm nws lub hom phiaj. Piv txwv li, yog tias peb xav kom sov lub pas dej da dej mus rau qhov kub ntawm 25-28 degrees Celsius nyob rau lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav, peb xav tau ib lub hnub ci yooj yim, vim tias qhov kub thiab txias tuaj yeem ncav cuag qhov kev txiav txim ntawm qhov loj lossis ntau dua. Ntawm qhov tod tes, yog tias peb xav kom sov cov kua dej mus rau qhov kub ntawm 200ºC, peb yuav xav tau lub tshuab hluav taws xob tsom rau hnub ci los sau cov hnub ci hluav taws xob thiab hloov mus rau cov kua dej me me.

Tam sim no, hauv kev lag luam hnub ci, peb tuaj yeem paub qhov txawv ntawm cov khoom siv hnub ci hauv qab no:

  • Pav ca los yog tiaj tus solar collectors. Hom hnub ci vaj huam sib luag no ntes lub hnub ci hluav taws xob uas qhov chaw tau txais los ua kom sov cov kua dej. Cov nyhuv tsev cog khoom feem ntau yog siv los ntes cua sov.
  • Solar collectors los ntes cov hnub ci hluav taws xob. Hom khoom siv no ntes cov hluav taws xob tau txais ntawm qhov chaw loj heev thiab tsom mus rau ntawm qhov me me los ntawm daim iav.
  • Solar collector nrog lub tshuab nqus tsev vacuum. Lub hnub ci collector no muaj ib txheej ntawm cylindrical raj, ua los ntawm kev xaiv absorbers, nyob rau hauv lub rooj zaum reflector thiab surrounded los ntawm pob tshab iav lub tog raj kheej.

Nyob rau hauv qhov kub tsis tshua muaj hnub ci daim ntaub ntawv, feem ntau yog cov pav ca hnub ci collectors siv. Thaum qhov kub ntawm cov dej ua haujlwm qis dua 80ºC, nws tau txiav txim siab tias kev siv hluav taws xob hnub ci tau ua tiav ntawm qhov kub qis, xws li cov cua sov hauv pas dej da dej, cov dej kub hauv tsev thiab txawm tias cua sov. Cov phaj no tuaj yeem siv yam tsis muaj lossis tsis muaj iav npog, nyob ntawm daim ntawv thov.

Cheebtsam ntawm solar collectors

thermal collectors

Tus qauv hnub ci collector yog tsim los ntawm cov hauv qab no:

  • Stopper: Lub npog ntawm lub hnub ci collector yog pob tshab, nws yuav los yog tsis yog. Nws feem ntau yog ua los ntawm iav, txawm hais tias cov yas kuj tseem siv tau vim nws pheej yig dua thiab yooj yim dua los tuav, tab sis nws yuav tsum yog cov yas tshwj xeeb. Nws txoj haujlwm yog txo qis vim qhov kev sib txuas thiab hluav taws xob, yog li nws yuav tsum muaj lub hnub ci xa hluav taws xob ntau tshaj plaws. Lub xub ntiag ntawm lub hau txhim kho cov thermodynamic kev ua haujlwm ntawm lub hnub ci vaj huam sib luag.
  • Huab cua channel: Nws yog qhov chaw (void los yog void) uas cais cov hauv ob sab phlu ntawm lub rooj tsavxwm nqus. Nws yuav raug coj mus rau hauv tus account thaum xam nws cov tuab kom sib npaug ntawm qhov poob los ntawm convection thiab qhov kub siab uas tuaj yeem tshwm sim yog tias nws nqaim dhau.
  • Absorbent phaj: Lub phaj absorbent yog ib yam khoom uas absorbs hnub ci zog thiab xa mus rau cov kua uas circulates los ntawm lub raj xa dej. Lub ntsiab yam ntxwv ntawm lub rooj tsavxwm yog tias nws yuav tsum muaj siab nqus ntawm lub hnub ci zog thiab tsis tshua muaj hluav taws xob hluav taws xob. Txij li cov ntaub ntawv zoo tib yam tsis ua raws li qhov yuav tsum tau ua, cov ntaub ntawv sib xyaw yog siv kom tau txais qhov zoo tshaj plaws nqus / emission ratio.
  • Cov kav dej los yog cov kav dej: Cov kav dej yog nyob rau hauv kev sib cuag nrog daim hlau nqus (qee zaum welded) los pauv lub zog mus rau qhov siab tshaj plaws. Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov kav dej, cov kua yuav ua kom sov thiab nkag mus rau hauv lub tank accumulator.
  • Insulation txheej: Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov txheej txheem rwb thaiv tsev yog los npog lub kaw lus kom zam thiab txo qhov poob. Vim tias rwb thaiv tsev yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws, cov khoom siv rwb thaiv tsev yuav tsum muaj cov thermal conductivity tsawg kom txo tau cov thermodynamic hloov ntawm cov cua sov mus rau sab nraud.
  • Accumulator: Lub accumulator yog ib qho kev xaiv, qee zaum nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm lub hnub ci vaj huam sib luag, nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no nws yog feem ntau nyob ncaj qha saum toj no los yog nyob rau hauv lub tam sim no pom kev. Feem ntau, lub roj teeb tsis yog ib feem ntawm lub hnub ci vaj huam sib luag, tab sis ntawm lub thermal system.

Kev Siv

Solar collectors feem ntau yog siv los muab cov dej kub hauv tsev thiab cua sov los yog tsim hluav taws xob.

Rau cov dej kub hauv tsev thiab cov khoom siv cua sov, lub tank dej khaws cov dej hauv tsev nyob rau hauv kev sib cuag nrog cov kua los ntawm lub kauj. Lub coil tso cai rau cov kua hloov pauv cov thermal zog rau cov dej yam tsis muaj dej paug. Cov dej no tuaj yeem siv los ua cov dej kub hauv tsev (80% kev koom ua ke), thiab tseem tuaj yeem siv los ntxiv cov cua sov hauv qab ntawm chav tsev (10% kev koom ua ke). Thermal solar panels tuaj yeem muab cov dej kub ntau, Tab sis vim tsis muaj zog ntawm lub hnub ci zog, lawv tsis tuaj yeem hloov cov txheej txheem cua sov li niaj zaus.

Solar collectors siv los tsim hluav taws xob xav tau kom sov lub tshav kub exchanger kom boil. Thaum cov kua ua tiav qhov hloov pauv thermodynamic thiab nkag mus rau theem roj, nws raug xa mus rau lub tshuab hluav taws xob thermoelectric., uas converts lub zog ntawm dej vapor mus rau hauv hluav taws xob. Hom kab ke no hu ua hnub ci thermodynamics thiab nws yuav tsum muaj ntau qhov chaw rau nruab hnub ci vaj huam sib luag thiab lub hnub tas li. Piv txwv ntawm cov nroj tsuag no tau muab tso rau hauv cov suab puam.

Thaum txhais thiab txhim kho lub hnub ci thermal installation, nws yuav tsum tau coj mus rau hauv tus account tias lub hnub ci collectors yuav tsum tau muab faib ua pawg. Cov pab pawg ntawm cov hnub ci collectors lawv yuav tsum ib txwm ua los ntawm cov units ntawm tib tus qauv thiab faib kom sib npaug li sai tau. Muaj ob txoj hauv kev los yog hom rau pawg ob lossis ntau tus neeg sau khoom: series lossis sib npaug. Tsis tas li ntawd, thaj chaw sau dej tuaj yeem teeb tsa los ntawm kev sib txuas ob pawg, uas yog qhov peb hu ua pawg lossis hybrid circuits.

Kuv vam tias nrog cov ntaub ntawv no koj tuaj yeem kawm paub ntau ntxiv txog cov khoom siv hnub ci thiab lawv cov yam ntxwv.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

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