Pehea e hana ai i ka biodiesel homemade

Kāpena me ka wahie-wahie, ka biodiesel sunflower

E hana i kā mākou biodiesel ponoʻī me ka aila hou a i hoʻohana paha hiki nō naʻe ke loaʻa iā ia kekahi mau pilikia.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi wau iā ʻoe pehea e hana ai i ka biodiesel me ka hoʻohui ʻana i kēlā mau pilikia i ʻōlelo ʻia, akā ʻo ka mea mua e hana ai ʻike i ka mea a mākou e hana ai.

ʻO Biodiesel kahi ʻO ka biofuel wai i loaʻa mai nā aila mea kanu ʻO Rapeseed, sunflower a me nā soybeans i kēia manawa nā mea maka i hoʻohana nui ʻia, ʻoiai ke aʻo ʻia nei kā lākou kiʻi ʻana me nā hua limu.

ʻAno like nā waiwai o ka biodiesel me nā mea o ka diesel kaʻa ma nā ʻano o ka mānoanoa a me ka helu cetane, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka nui o kāna kiko uila ma mua o ka diesel, kahi ʻano e hiki ai ke huikau me nā mea hope loa no ka wahie. Hoʻohana i nā ʻenekini.

ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka hoʻāʻo a me ka Pono Haʻawina (ASTM, ʻahahui kūwaho no nā kūlana maikaʻi) wehewehe i ka biodiesel ma ke ʻano:

"Monoalkyl esters o nā kaula momona momona lōʻihi i lawe ʻia mai nā lipids hou e like me nā aila mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​momona holoholona, ​​a hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻenekini hoʻāpipipiki."

Eia naʻe, ʻo nā esters i hoʻohana mau ʻia ʻo ka methanol a me ka ethanol (i loaʻa mai ka transesterification o kekahi ʻano o nā aila mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​momona holoholona a i ʻole mai ka esterification o nā momona momona) ma muli o ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa a me nā pono kemika a me ke kino.

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa mai nā wahie ʻē aʻe, ʻo ia nā biofuels a i ʻole biofuels e hōʻike nei i ka kikoʻī o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana mea kanu me he mea lā, a no laila he mea nui ia e noʻonoʻo i nā ʻano o ka mākeke mahiʻai.

A no laila, pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka hoʻomohala o ka ʻoihana biofuel ʻAʻole ia i kaukaʻi ʻia i ka loaʻa kūloko o nā mea maka, akā i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi noi lawa.

Ma ka hōʻoia ʻana i ke koi o nā biofuels, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kāu mākeke hoʻolaulaha i nā kulekele ʻē aʻe e like me ka mahiʻai, makemake i ka hana ma ka ʻāpana mua, ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o ka lehulehu ma nā wahi kaiāulu, ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻoihana a me nā hana mahiʻai, a ma ka manawa like e hōʻemi ana i nā hopena o ka wao akua no ke kanu ʻana i nā mea kanu ikehu.

ʻO Biodiesel mai rapeseed

ʻO nā mea kanu ikehu Rapeseed

Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo ASTM i nā hoʻokolohua like ʻole e pono e hoʻokō ʻia i nā wahie e hōʻoia i kā lākou hana pololei no ka mea no ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka biodiesel ma ke ʻano he wahie kaʻa, ʻo nā ʻano o nā esters i ʻano like me ka diesel ma mua o ka diesel e pono ai e noʻonoʻo. o ka aila mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia.

Nā mea maikaʻi a me nā maikaʻi ʻole o ka biodiesel

ʻO kekahi o nā pōmaikaʻi nui e hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia biofuel ma kahi o ka diesel ʻo ia ka Ka mālama ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe o ka Honua no ka mea he kumu ia o ka ikehu hou.

ʻO kekahi pono ʻo ka mea hoʻolilo o biofuelsInā kū lākou i Sepania, ma kēia ala e hoʻemi ʻia ai ka hilinaʻi o ka ikehu i nā wahie fossil, ʻo 80% ia.

Pēlā nō, makemake ia hoʻomohala a hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā heluna kaiāulu hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka hana ʻana o kēia biofuel.

Ma ka lima ʻē aʻe, kōkua ia i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā hoʻoiho CO2 i ka lewa, hoʻopau pū i ka pilikia o ka ua waikawa ʻoiai ʻaʻohe o lākou sulfur.

ʻOiai he huahana biodegradable a non-ʻawahia, ia hoʻemi i ka hoʻohaumia lepo a me nā pilikia o ka ʻona ma kēlā me kēia ninini kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi manawaleʻa ʻoi aku ka palekana ʻoiai he lubricity maikaʻi kāna a me kahi kiko uila kiʻekiʻe.

No nā drawbacks, hiki iā mākou ke kuhikuhi i nā mea e like me ke kumukūʻai. I kēia manawa, ʻaʻole hoʻokūkū ia me ka diesel maʻamau.

E pili ana i nā ʻenehana loea, loaʻa kahi helu calorific haʻahaʻa, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo no ka nalo ʻana o ka mana a i ʻole ka hoʻonui nui ʻana o ka ʻai.

Eia kekahi, ua loaʻa haʻahaʻa paʻa paʻa, he mea nui kēia i ka wā e mālama ai, a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke ʻano o ke anuanu, kahi e kūpono ʻole ai i nā mahana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa. Eia nō naʻe, hiki ke hoʻoponopono i kēia mau waiwai ʻelua ma ka hoʻohui ʻana i kahi hoʻohui.

Pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke hana i kā mākou biodiesel ponoʻī

E kiʻi i kā mākou biodiesel weliweli loa ia no nā kemika a mākou e hoʻohana ai a no kēia kumu e ʻōlelo wale wau i nā ʻanuʻu ma luna i mea e noʻonoʻo ʻole ai ʻoe i ka hana ʻana ma ka home ke ʻole ʻoe e hoʻolohe i nā hana palekana āpau me ka hoʻohui ʻana. kū kānāwai i Sepania, ʻoiai he kūpono ʻole ke hana i kēia biofuel.

ʻO ka mea mua o nā mea āpau e hoʻomaka i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana me ka lita o ka aila hou ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o kēia ma mua o ka aila hoʻohana, ʻoiai mākou e manaʻo e hāʻawi i kēia aila hope loa i kahi hoʻohana lua. Ke hiki iā ʻoe ke kaohi i ka aila hou hiki iā ʻoe ke neʻe i ka aila i hoʻohana ʻia a ʻo ka mea āu e makemake ai i kēia manawa he blender, e hoʻomanaʻo ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana ia mea no kekahi mea ʻē aʻe no laila ʻo ka blender kekahi o nā mea kahiko a i ʻole he pipiʻi.

ʻO ke kaʻina hana

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, loaʻa mai ka biodiesel mai nā momona o ka mea kanu mai kahi ʻano kemika i ʻike ʻia triglycerides

Hana ʻia kēlā me kēia molaki triglyceride o 3 mau molekiola waikawa e pili ana i hoʻokahi mole glycerin.

ʻO ka hopena i manaʻo ʻia (kāhea ʻia transesterification) no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kā mākou biofuel e hoʻokaʻawale i kēia mau momona momona mai ka glycerin e kōkua iā mākou me kahi catalyst, hiki iā NaOH a i ʻole KOH, a no laila hiki ke hoʻohui a hoʻohui i kēlā me kēia o lākou i kahi mole o methanol a i ʻole ethanol.

Nā huahana kūpono

ʻO kekahi o nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai ka ʻalekohola. Hiki i kēia ke methanol (hana i nā methyl esters) a i ʻole ethanol (ʻo ia ka mea e hana ai i nā estre ethyl).

Eia ka pilikia mua e kū mai inā koho ʻoe e hana i ka biodiesel ma ke ʻano he methanol e haʻi wau iā ʻoe ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i kēia homemade ʻoiai ka mea i loaʻa mai ka gas maoli.

Eia nō naʻe, hiki ke hana i ka ethanol ma ka home a ʻo ka mea i loaʻa mai nā mea kanu (ke koena mai ka aila).

Nā kini kemika

ʻO ka hemahema kēlā ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka hana ʻana i ka biodiesel me ka etanol ma mua o ka methanolʻaʻole no ka poʻe hoʻomaka.

ʻO ka methanol a me ka etanol ʻawahia lākou no ka mea e mālama mau ʻoe i ka palekana.

He kemikona ʻino lākou i hiki ke makapō a make paha iā ʻoe, a like me ka inu ʻana iā ia, he mea ʻino nō hoʻi ia i ke komo ʻana i loko o kou ʻili a me ka hanu ʻana i kāna mahu.

No nā hoʻāʻo home hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka wahie barbecue i loaʻa ka methanol ʻoiai ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo i ka degere o ka maemae pono ma ka liʻiliʻi loa 99% a inā loaʻa kahi mea ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole ia e hana i kekahi mea e like me ka etanol denatured.

ʻO ka catalystE like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, hiki iā lākou ke KOH a i ʻole NaOH, potassium hydroxide a me ka soda caustic, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka loaʻa ma mua o kekahi.

E like me ka methanol a me ka ethanol, hiki ke kūʻai maʻalahi ʻia ka soda akā ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka lawelawe ʻana ma mua o ka potassium hydroxide, kahi e paipai nui ʻia no ka poʻe hoʻomaka.

ʻO hygroscopic lāua ʻelua, ʻo ia hoʻi ka omo maʻalahi o ka wai mai ka lewa, e hoʻemi ana i kā lākou hiki ke catalyze i ka hopena. E mālama mau lākou i nā pahu hermetically sila.

Ua like ke kaʻina me KOH me NaOH, akā he 1,4 mau manawa ke kiʻekiʻe (1,4025) ka nui.

Hoʻohuihui ʻia ka methanol me ka potassium hydroxide i nā ʻo ka sodium methoxide ka mea corrosive a pono no ka hana ʻana i ka biodiesel.

No ka methoxide, hoʻohana i nā ipu i hana ʻia me HDPE (polyethylene kiʻekiʻe), aniani, kila kila, a i ʻole enameled.

Nā meahana a me nā pono hana (pono ka maʻemaʻe a me ka maloʻo o nā mea āpau)

  • Hoʻokahi lita o ka aila mea kanu hou ʻole.
  • 200 ml o 99% methanol maoli
  • Catalyst, i hiki ke lilo i potassium hydroxide (KOH) a i ʻole sodium hydroxide (NaOH).
  • Hoʻohui kahiko.
  • Palena me ka hoʻonā 0,1 gr (ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi me ka hoʻonā ʻo 0,01 gr)
  • Ke ana ʻana i nā aniani no ka methanol a me ka aila.
  • ʻO ka ipu keʻokeʻo a me ka translucent HDPE hapa-lita a me ka pāpale wili.
  • ʻElua mau leʻaleʻa e komo i loko o ka waha o ka ipu HDPE, hoʻokahi no ka methanol a hoʻokahi no ka catalist.
  • ʻO kahi ʻōmole pālolo PET ʻelua lita (ka wai maʻamau a hue soda paha) no ka sedimentation
  • ʻElua mau-ʻeke palekiko PET no ka holoi ʻana.
  • Mahana.

Palekana, mea nui loa

No kēia mea pono mākou e noʻonoʻo i nā hana palekana a me nā mea pale e like me:

  • Kūpono nā mīkina lima i nā huahana a mākou e lawelawe ai, pono lōʻihi kēia mau mea i uhi ai lākou i nā lima lima a pēlā e pale ʻia ai nā lima.
  • Apron a me nā aniani pale e uhi i ke kino holoʻokoʻa.
  • Loaʻa mau ka wai kahe kokoke ma ka lawelawe ʻana i kēia huahana.
  • Pono e hoʻonui maikaʻi i ka wahi hana.
  • Mai hanu i nā kinoea. No kēia mea he masks kūikawā.
  • ʻAʻole hiki i kekahi poʻe ma waho o ke kaʻina hana, ʻaʻohe keiki, a manu ʻole holoholona kokoke.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i ka biodiesel i kekahi home?

Ke hoʻohui nei i kahi mea hoʻomākeʻaka i ka nui o ke koʻikoʻi ma ke kaʻina ʻo "La que se avecina" pena maʻalahi me ka huaʻōlelo "e ulana ana ʻo gerund" akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole ia ma nā mea āpau, koe wale nō ka weliweli loa, a iā ʻoe wale ʻike kumu, nā mea pono.

Me ka hāʻawi ʻole ʻana i nā ʻōkuhi kikoʻī hou aku, hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe aia he ala lōʻihi loa e hana ai i ka biodiesel mai ka mea mua o nā mea āpau. hoʻohana kānana ʻaila (ʻo ia ka mea hoihoi iā mākou), a laila e hana mākou i ka sodium methoxide, e hoʻokō i ka hopena e pono ai, e hoʻololi a me kahi kaʻawale.

Pono mākou e nānā i ka maikaʻi o ka huahana i hana ʻia me ka hoʻāʻo holoi a hoʻomaloʻo hope loa.

ʻO ka biodiesel homemade ma Sepania

ʻOiai nā mea maikaʻi i hiki i ka biodiesel ke hōʻike, i ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Sepania i ka hana ʻana ma ka home.

ʻAe kekahi mau ʻāina i ka hana ʻana o kēia biofuel a kūʻai aku i nā pahu hana i mea e hiki ai i kekahi me nā hana palekana kūpono ke hana iā ia.

Iecaianoaaiiuo biodiesel

ʻO wau iho, eia nā kumu 2 no ka kū ʻole i ke kānāwai o ka biodiesel homemade.

ʻO ka mea mua e manaʻo nui ʻo Sepania iā mākou a Ua pāpā lākou i kāna hana ʻana no ka weliweli pili kēia i ka lawelawe ʻana i nā kemika weliweli.

ʻO ka lua ʻaʻole hoihoi ʻo Sepania i ka hiki i kekahi kamaʻāina ke hana i biofuels Nā makemake waiwai.

I kekahi hihia, kanalua ʻole ia e hōʻike ana i kahi paleki i kahi loli ikehu hiki.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.