Nā Papa Tectonic

nā pāpā lectonic

Ma ka ʻili o ka honua ua māhele ʻia i ʻokoʻa nā pāpā lectonic e neʻe mau ana ma muli o ke kahe ʻana o nā mea hana i loko o ka ʻaʻahu o ka honua. ʻO ka neʻe ʻana o nā papa tectonic like ʻole ka mea e hoʻoulu ai i ke olai, ke kai a me nā mauna. Hoʻopili ʻia ka hoʻomaha o ka honua i kēia manawa e nā papa tectonic. Aia nā ʻano like ʻole a loaʻa i kēlā me kēia me kona ʻano.

No kēia kumu, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā ʻano, ke kumu a me ke koʻikoʻi o nā papa tectonic.

? U

palena pā

ʻO nā papa tectonic, a i ʻole nā ​​papa lithospheric, ʻo ia nā ʻāpana ʻokoʻa i māhele ʻia ai ka lithosphere honua, nā papa waho loa o ka Honua, me ka ʻōpala a me ka ʻaʻahu luna. Hoʻopili ʻia ka hana seismic, lua pele a me ka orogenic ma kona mau ʻaoʻao.

ʻO ka mea hope ma muli o ka neʻe mau ʻana o nā papa tectonic ma ka asthenosphere, ka ʻāpana viscous a i ʻole ka liʻiliʻi o ka ʻaʻahu luna, e like me ke kumumanaʻo o ka plate tectonics.

ʻAʻole ʻike maikaʻi ʻia nā waiwai o nā papa tectonic i kēia manawa, koe wale nō ka ʻoʻoleʻa a ʻo ko lākou neʻe ʻana e hoʻopuka i nā hanana honua e like me ke olai a me nā lua pele i hiki iā mākou ke ana a hoʻomaopopo. Hiki iā lākou ke alakaʻi i ke kūkulu ʻana i nā mauna a me nā kīʻaha sedimentary. He mea hana kēia ma ka Honua wale nō. Eia nō naʻe, aia nā mea hōʻike i loaʻa i nā hōkūhele ʻē aʻe nā hanana tectonic like.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ke kumumanaʻo o ka plate tectonics e wehewehe ana i kēia mau hanana ma waena o 1960 a me 1970, ma muli o ka ʻoi aku o ʻelua mau kenekulia o ka ʻike ʻana, pinepine ʻole i ka heluhelu ʻana, nā ʻike geophysical a me geochemical a me nā moʻolelo mōʻalihaku a me nā moʻolelo honua. Aia ma luna o ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o ka ʻauheʻe Continental i noi ʻia e ka German Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) i ka makahiki 1912.

Nā ʻano papa tectonic

palapala palapala honua

ʻElua ʻano papa tectonic ma ka honua: nā papa moana a me nā papa ʻāina.

  • papa moana. Ua uhi paʻa ʻia kēlā mau mea e ka ʻōpala moana, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lalo o ka moana, no laila ua pio loa lākou. He lahilahi lākou a ua haku nui ʻia me ka hao a me ka magnesium.
  • papa ʻāina. ʻO nā papa i uhi ʻia e nā ʻāpana o ka ʻāina ʻāina, ʻo nā ʻāina ponoʻī, ʻo ia ke ʻano nui o ka papa tectonic, maʻamau me ka ʻāpana ʻāina a me kahi hapa i loko o ke kai.

nā papa tectonic nui o ka honua

ka neʻe ʻana o ka pā

I ka huina, he 56 mau papa tectonic ko kakou honua, a he 14 o ia mau mea nui loa. ʻO kēia nā:

  • papa ʻApelika. Ua uhi ʻia ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa o ʻApelika a hiki i ka moana e hoʻopuni ana iā ia, koe wale nō kona ʻaoʻao ʻākau.
  • Papa Antartika. Uhi ia i ka Antarctica a me ka aneane 17 miliona kilomika kilomika o ka moana a puni.
  • Pāpā ʻArabia. Aia ma lalo o ka Arabian Peninsula a me kahi ʻāpana o ka Middle East, hele mai ia mai ka fracking o ka pā ʻApelika a loaʻa iā 43% o nā mālama kinoea kūlohelohe o ka honua a me 48% o kāna mālama aila.
  • Pāpale komowi. Aia ia ma lalo o ka Moana Pākīpika ma ke kahakai komohana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka pā Karipiano, kahi i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka lua pele Mesoamerican ma lalo o ka pā Caribbean.
  • Kaula Nazca. Ma lalo o ka hikina o ka Moana Pākīpika, nā kapakai o Peru, ʻEkuador, a me Kolombia, a me ka ʻākau-waena ʻo Chile, e hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia ma lalo o ka papa ʻAmelika Hema a lilo i Andes.
  • ʻO Juan de Fuca Plaque. He papa liʻiliʻi ma ka ʻaoʻao komohana o ka Pākīpika ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, ma ke kahakai Pākīpika o Kaleponi, Oregon, Wakinekona, a me British Columbia. ʻO kēia, me nā papa ʻo Cocos a me Nazca, mai ka wāwahi ʻana o ka pā Farallón kahiko ma kahi o 28 miliona mau makahiki i hala.
  • Kapikala Pīpiʻi. E like me ka hōʻike ʻana o kona inoa, ʻike ʻia ia ma ka Caribbean, ʻĀkau ʻAmelika Hema, a me ʻAmelika Hema hikina, e uhi ana i kahi ʻāpana o 3,2 miliona mau kilomita square. Hoʻopili ia i nā ʻāpana o ka ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika Waena (Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, a me ka mokuʻāina ʻo Mekiko ʻo Chiapas), a me nā mokupuni Caribbean a pau.
  • Ke una honua Pńk'pika. ʻO ia kekahi o ka moana nui loa ma ka Honua, e uhi ana i ka moana holoʻokoʻa o ka inoa hoʻokahi, a he nui nā "wahi wela" a me nā kāʻei seismic a i ʻole ka lua pele, ʻoi loa a puni ʻo Hawaii.
  • ʻO ka pāpū Eurasian. Ua uhi ʻia kēia pā nui i kahi ʻāpana o 67,8 miliona mau kilomika square a uhi ʻia ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa o Eurasia (ʻo ʻEulopa a me ʻAsia a pau), koe wale nā ​​wahi o ka subcontinent India, Arabia, a me Siberia. Hoʻonui ia i kekahi mau kilomita ma ka hikina o ka ʻAkelanika ʻĀkau.
  • Pāpala Pilipine. Aia ma ka Moana Pākīpika ma ka hikina o ka ʻĀina Pilipino, he papa hoʻohaʻahaʻa ia ma ka ʻāina ʻo Mariana Trench. Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me kona mau hoalauna, he ʻuʻuku loa ia.
  • Pākuʻi Indo-Australian. E like me ka hōʻike ʻana o kona inoa, ʻo kēia pā mai nā palena ʻo India me Kina a me Nepal, ma ka ʻāina āpau o Inia, ka Moana Inia, a me Australia a me Melanesia, a hiki i Aotearoa. ʻO ia ka hopena o ka hui ʻana o nā papa kahiko o India a me Australia ma kahi o 50 miliona mau makahiki i hala.
  • 'AlapalaʻAmelika. Aia i loko o ʻAmelika ʻĀkau a pau, me Greenland, a me ka pae ʻāina ʻo Cuban, nā Bahamas, ka hapalua o Iceland, a me kahi hapa o ka ʻAkelanika ʻĀkau, nā glacier Arctic, a me nā ʻāina ʻo Siberia. ʻO ia ka pā nui loa ma ka Honua.
  • ʻO ka pā Scotia. Loaʻa ia ma ka hui o ka Moana Pākīpika, ka Moana ʻAkelanika, a me nā moana glacial Antarctic ma ka hema o ʻAmelika Hema. He pā liʻiliʻi a ʻano hou, hānau ʻia ma ka Cenozoic. He ōlaʻi ikaika a me ka hana lua pele.
  • PaʻaʻAmelika Hema. E like me kona ʻāina i kapa ʻia, aia kēia pā i lalo o ʻAmelika Hema a hoʻonui pū i ka hikina hikina i ka ʻAkelanika Hema.

Nā hoʻouka

Holo nā papa tectonic ma luna o ka asthenosphere, ka ʻāpana wai o ka ʻahu. Ke neʻe nei lākou i nā māmā like ʻole, maʻamau lohi akā paʻa, no laila ʻAʻole hiki ke ʻike ʻia ke ʻole lākou e hui pū me nā mea ʻē aʻe, a laila ʻike mākou i nā hawewe seismic e hopena.

ʻAʻole maopopo ke kumu o kēia mau neʻe ʻana, akā pili paha ia i ka ʻōwili ʻana o ka Honua, ka pelemaka wela e neʻe ana i luna a me ka pelemaka anu e neʻe ana i lalo, a i ʻole ka ʻokoʻa o ka ʻumekaumaha a me ka ʻumekaumaha.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo kēia mau neʻe ʻana he ʻāpana o ka dynamics o ka ʻaʻahu, kahi convection a me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka wela, ka mea e mālama ai i nā mea semi-paʻa a ʻoi aku ka paʻa, nā mea kaumaha e iho mai i wahi no nā mea māmā.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i nā papa tectonic a me ko lākou ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.