nā mea waho maikaʻi

ka hoʻomau ʻana o kahi papahana

ka nā mea waho maikaʻi pili lākou i nā hopena maikaʻi like ʻole e pili ana i nā kumukūʻai o ka hana ʻana a i ʻole nā ​​​​hana hoʻohana i ka hui. ʻO ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo kā mākou mau hana a pau i loko o ke kaiāulu a mākou e noho nei, ʻaʻohe mea liʻiliʻi a maʻalahi paha i ko mākou manaʻo, he hopena i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, hiki mai kēia ʻano o waho i ka wā o nā hana a mākou e hana ai ma ke ʻano he hui, ma ke ʻano he kanaka, a ma ke ʻano he ʻohana he hopena ʻoluʻolu a pono hoʻi i nā mea āpau.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e nānā mākou i ka wehewehe ʻana i ke ʻano o nā externalities maikaʻi, ko lākou ʻano a me ka pono.

? U

nā mea waho maikaʻi

nā mea waho maikaʻi nā hopena maikaʻi a pau o nā hana a nā lālā o ka hui, ʻaʻole pili i nā koina a i ʻole nā ​​pōmaikaʻi o ia mau hana. ʻAʻole i kaupalena ʻia ka wehewehe ʻana o ka externality maikaʻi i kekahi ʻano a i ʻole ka ʻepekema, aia nā hopena maikaʻi a pau, nui a liʻiliʻi paha, i hiki i nā hana a kekahi kanaka a hui paha ke loaʻa i ko mākou kaiāulu.

nā mea waho maikaʻi

Ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i nā externalities maikaʻi ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia i nā kumukūʻai hana a kūʻai paha i nā kumukūʻai, akā ʻo ia hiki ke loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi loa no ke kaiāulu holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ka hoʻokomo ʻana i nā halemai a me nā hale hana no ka ʻimi ʻana i nā lāʻau lapaʻau no kekahi mau maʻi he laʻana o kēia. I ka wā mua, manaʻo paha ʻoe he nui ke kumukūʻai o kēia kūpaʻa i ka R&D inā ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea noiʻi ke loaʻa koke kahi lāʻau lapaʻau.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻi mai iā mākou i ka mea ʻē aʻe, he mea pono loa kēia ʻano hana no ka maikaʻi a me ke olakino o nā kānaka, ʻoiai ʻaʻole koke a ma hope paha e ʻike ʻia kahi lāʻau e hōʻemi i ka hopena o ka maʻi pili. ʻO kēia lāʻau lapaʻau, kahi manawa e loaʻa ai, hui pū me kahi hoʻopukapuka kālā nui, e loaʻa i kahi kūlana maikaʻi loa no ke kaiāulu ma o ka mālama ʻana i nā tausani o nā ola, akā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kēia ma ke kumukūʻai o ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻokolokolo lōʻihi a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi.

Pēlā nō, nui nā hana ʻē aʻe e hiki ai ke hoʻoulu i nā mea waho maikaʻi no ke kaiāulu, a he mea nui ia no kāna hana pono.

  • Hoʻolilo i ka mālama ʻana i nā waiwai lehulehu (nā alanui, nā hale, nā paka, nā kahua pāʻani, nā halemai).
  • ka hoʻonaʻauao (mālama ʻia o nā kula, nā kumu kūpono, nā haʻawina kūpono).
  • Hookolokolo Lapaau (nā lāʻau lapaʻau, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, nā lāʻau lapaʻau hou).

nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole

ʻAʻole like me ka externality maikaʻi, ʻO ka ʻaoʻao o waho ka hopena o ka hana ʻana i kekahi hana e hoʻopilikia ai i ke kaiāulu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia i kāna kumukūʻai. ʻOiai mākou e pili ana i nā manaʻo mai ka ʻoihana waiwai, hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i kekahi ʻano o ke ola o kēlā me kēia lā.

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi o ka waho maikaʻi ʻole ka haumia o ke kaiapuni, ʻoi aku ka ʻoihana, e nā hui nui. E noʻonoʻo i ka hihia o kahi ʻoihana mining nui i loea i ka ʻohi a me ka hana ʻana i ka lanahu. Ke ana ʻana i ke kumukūʻai o ka hoʻokō ʻana i kahi hana, ʻaʻole lākou e noʻonoʻo i ke kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka pollution e hoʻoulu ai i ke kaiapuni. Manaʻo ʻia kēia he waho maikaʻi ʻole a ʻo ia ka hopena o ke kaʻina hana o ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia ma ke kumukūʻai kūʻai a i ʻole ke kumukūʻai o ka hana ʻana i ka lanahu.

Inā kū mākou a noʻonoʻo, kokoke i nā hana a pau he mau waho maikaʻi ʻole no ke kaiāulu. No ka laʻana, he hopena maikaʻi ʻole ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka paka no ke olakino o ka mea hoʻohana, akā hana i nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole e like me ka emi ʻana o ka waiwai (inā puhi ke kanaka i loko o kahi lumi, hiki ke ʻeleʻele a pohō nā paia e ka uahi), a hiki ke loaʻa i kahi hopena maikaʻi ʻole. e pili ana i ke olakino o kekahi (nā maʻi asthmatic e hanu ana i ka uahi paka).

Pehea e hoʻomalu ai i nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole a hoʻonui i nā mea maikaʻi?

haumia

He mau hana ko ke aupuni e hoʻomalu a hōʻemi i ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole, e like me:

  • ʻO nā ʻauhau ma nā hui haumia loa i paipai i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu hou a me nā kaʻina hana hoʻomau.
  • Hoʻoponopono i kekahi mau hana (no ka laʻana, puhi, kaʻa i nā kūlanakauhale nui).
  • Nā papahana hoʻonaʻauao a me ka ʻike pilikanaka.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, aia kekahi mau hana e hoʻomaikaʻi a hoʻonui i nā externalities maikaʻi i hana ʻia e nā hui a me nā kānaka:

  • Hāʻawi i nā kikowaena hoʻonaʻauao (nā kula hānai, kula, etc.).
  • Hāʻawi kālā no ka noiʻi a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana, ʻoi aku ma ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau.

ʻO nā mea i waho, inā maikaʻi a maikaʻi ʻole paha, ʻaʻole wale lākou ma ka ʻoihana waiwai o ke kaiāulu. ʻO kēlā me kēia ʻano ʻano, e like me ka puhi ʻana a i ʻole ka hoʻolei ʻana i ka plastic ma ke alahele, hiki ke loaʻa ka hopena pōkole/lōʻihi i ke kaiāulu, hiki ke hōʻino a maikaʻi paha, ma muli o ke ʻano.

Nā mea kūʻai waho

nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole

Loaʻa paha i kekahi mau ʻano mea kūʻai aku nā hopena o waho a i ʻole nā ​​hopena lua i manaʻo ʻole ʻia ma ke kumukūʻai kūʻai. Hiki ke maikaʻi a maikaʻi ʻole paha nā mea waho hoʻohana. ʻO nā kumukūʻai a i ʻole nā ​​pōmaikaʻi o ka hana ʻana, pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana a i ʻole ka hana hou ʻana i ka wā e kūkulu ai i nā kulekele hoʻokele waiwai ʻōmaʻomaʻo.

Kū mai nā mea waho ke hāʻawi nā kuleana waiwai a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe i nā pono pilikino wale nō me ka nānā ʻole ʻana i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

I ka hōʻuluʻuluʻana, Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohuli ʻia no ka maikaʻi a i ʻole ka hewa me ke komo ʻole ʻana i ke kūʻai ʻana a kūʻai aku paha i ka huahana. I kēlā me kēia hihia, pono ke komo ʻana i kēia ʻoihana waiwai e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka maikaʻi o ka poʻe i hoʻopilikia ʻia.

No ka maikaʻi, pono nā kumukūʻai makeke i ko lākou mau koina a i ʻole nā ​​​​pono. Inā liʻiliʻi nā mea kūwaho maikaʻi ʻole a/a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka huahana hou ma mua o nā huahana kuʻuna, akā ʻoi aku ka pipiʻi o ka hana ʻana, pono e ʻauhau ʻia. E uku ʻia nā lilo kālā o ke kaiāulu ma o ka hoʻemi ʻana i nā lilo aupuni no hoʻoponopono i nā mea waho i hiki ʻole mai. A laila e kūʻai ʻia nā huahana me ka ʻole o ka lilo ʻana o ka waiwai a e paipai ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku e kūʻai. Lanakila nā mea hana, lanakila nā mea kūʻai, a lanakila ke kaiapuni.

No kēia kumu, pono mākou e noʻonoʻo i nā mea waho o ke kaiapuni a loiloi i ka hopena pololei a me ka ʻole o ka hana ʻana i ke kaiapuni. Pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia kēia waiwai i ka wā e hoʻohālikelike ai i nā huahana, ʻoi aku hoʻi inā no ka lehulehu ke kūʻai aku. ʻAʻole ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka huahana maʻalahi.

Eia kekahi laʻana, ʻO nā ʻāina e hoʻopuka ana i ka carbon dioxide e pono ke uku hou aku i ka ʻauhau. ʻO ia ke kumu e hoʻopaʻi ai ke aupuni i nā hui hoʻohaumia. Eia hou, e hāʻawi kēia mau hui i kēia mau kumukūʻai i ke kumukūʻai kūʻai. Mahalo i kēia, loaʻa nā ʻoihana ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka hoʻokūkū. Hoʻolālā ʻia kēia mau kulekele hoʻoikaika e hōʻemi i nā mea waho maikaʻi ʻole.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā externalities maikaʻi a me ko lākou mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.