Ma hope o 3 mau makahiki, ulu hou nā ikehu hou

kudala hou

Wahi a INFORMA's DBK Sector Observatory, ka hoʻouka kau ʻia ahu o hoʻōla ikaika i ka hopena o 2016 ua hiki au i ka 32.846 megawatts (+ 0,2%), ka mālama ʻana i ka ulu haʻahaʻa o nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

ka mea hoʻonoho makani hoʻokumu i ka kumu nui o ka ikehu hou, ke hāʻawi nei i ka 70,1% o ka mana i hoʻokau ʻia i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ka lā o Kēkēmapa 2016. Ma lalo iho nei nā pono o ʻO Energy Energy Photovoltaic, nāna i hōʻuluʻulu i ka 14,2%, ʻoiai ka thermoelectric ua manaʻo lākou i ka 7%. Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka 8,7% i koe ma waena o nā hoʻonohonoho waika ma lalo o ke aupuni kūikawā a me nā mea kanu no ka hana ʻana i ka ikehu mai biomass.

Hoʻoulu hou i nā ikaika

Ma 2016 ua hana lākou 1.359 māla mahiʻo, me ka mana piha o 23.026 megawatts. Inā mākou e nānā i ka lā, La hoʻouka kau ʻia ahu i hoʻopaʻa inoa a 0,3% ulu ana i ka 2016, hiki i 4.674 megawatts, pāhola ʻia Papahele 61.386 pili i ka pūnaewele. No kāna ʻāpana, ka helu o nā pono hana i ka hana ikehu lā thermoelectric ua paʻa mau mai ka 2013, me ka huina o 51 mau kikowaena me ka mana i hoʻonohonoho ʻia o 2.300 megawatts.

Ikehu Thermosolar

ka nā ʻoihana he ʻumi e pili ana i ka mana i hoʻouka ʻia mai nā ikehu hou (e pili ana i ka makani, ka ikehu lā photovoltaic a me ka ikehu lā thermoelectric) ua ʻākoakoa pū lākou i ka 57% o ka mana holoʻokoʻa i ka 2016. ka hoʻonui keu hoʻi hoʻokiʻekiʻe i ka mahele ikehu lā thermoelectric (73%) a makani (70%), ʻoiai, i ka ʻokoʻa, ʻo ka ikehu lā o photovoltaic ka hou atomized (13%).

Hoʻokumu ʻo california i ka ikehu lā nui loa

ʻO nā kudala 3 i hoʻokō ʻia i ka makahiki i hala e hāʻawi i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka hanana hoʻokūkū ka mahele i ka wā waena, hāʻawi ʻia i kahi ʻāpana maikaʻi o ka mana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i loaʻa i nā pūʻulu nui. I ka mua a me ka lua ʻo ia ʻo Forestalia, a ʻo ka hope he ACS ia.

E hoʻonui kēia mau kudala i ke kēkelē o lako hoʻolako. E pili pono ana kēia ʻano i ka ʻāpana ikehu photovoltaic ka lā a me ka makani

E pili ana i ka waiwai, ua kū ka loaʻa kālā i loaʻa i ke kūʻai ʻia ʻana o ka makani a me ka ikehu lā 7.069 miliona euro ma 2016, helu a 9,3% haʻahaʻa i kēlā i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka makahiki 2015. ʻO ka ʻoihana lāla i hāʻawi i ka huina o nā bila 4.212 miliona miliona (2.739 miliona ma photovoltaic a me 1.473 i thermoelectric), ma mua o ka ʻāpana makani, me 2.857 miliona.

I kēia manawa e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā kudala 'ōlelo ma mua, a me nā mea lanakila.

Kudala akolu

ʻO ACS ka mea lanakila nui loa o nā kudala hou. Ma o kāna lālā Ua lawe aku ʻo Cobra ma mua o ka hapalua o ka mea a ke Aupuni i kūkālā ai,  kikoʻī 1.550MW o ka photovoltaic ka ikehu lā.

ʻO ka hui Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Forestalia i 316MW o ka ikehu photovoltaic pū kekahi ma ke noi i mālama ʻia e OMIE i kēia Pōʻakolu. Hoʻohui, Enel Green Power España, na Endesa, i hoʻokele i ka loaʻa 339MW.

Ua hoʻokele nā ​​ʻoihana āpau e komo i ke koho me nā hāʻawi ma ka hoʻemi loa i ʻae i ke kudala, ʻo ia ka 65% o ke kumukūʻai waiwai kūʻai maʻamau o kahi mea kanu photovoltaic. Ua ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o kēia hoʻēmi ma mua o nā mea kudala o Mei, aia ma 59%.

ʻO ka hui pūʻulu i alakaʻi ʻia e ka pelekikena o Madrid e Florentino Pérez, hana loea i ka seNā lawelawe kikoʻī o ka uila, kinoea, kamaʻilio a me nā alahao, a laila lilo i lanakila ma mua o XElio, me 455 MW; Endesa, ma o Enel Green Power, me 339 MW; ka Pūnaewele Forestalia, me 316 MW (i ka mea i hala he 1.200 o 3.000); ʻO Gas Fenosa Kūlohelohe, 250 MW, e like me Solaria; Opde, 200 MW; Prodiel, 182 MW. ʻO Gestamp, nona ka 20% o XElio (80% i kūʻai ʻia i ka waihona KKR), ua hāʻawi ʻia he 24 MW. Ua loaʻa iā Alter he 50 MW a me Alten, 13 MW.

Hoʻoemi ʻia ka ikehu lā e ka haumia

Ma ka māla makani, ʻo Alfamar kapitala Energya ka mea lanakila, me 720MW, ma mua o Greenalia (Renova makani), me 133 MW, a me Ibervento, me 172 MW, ka hapanui.

Hoʻonui ka mokupuni ʻo Canary i ka nui o ka ikehu hou

I ka hōʻuluʻulu, ʻoi aku lākou ma mua o 5.000 MW, kahi nui i ʻoi aku i kēlā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ke ʻano. ʻO kēia ke kumu o ke koi kiʻekiʻe a ua ʻoi loa lākou. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo ke kudala mua no 2.000 MW, hoʻonui ʻia i 3.000. ʻOiai, ke Aupuni mālama i kahi paukū huna i hiki i nā megawatts hou aʻe mai 3.000 ke ʻae ʻia inā koho ʻoe i ka uku hoʻemi loa.

kumu kūʻai ikehu lā haʻahaʻa

ʻO ke komo ʻana o ka hui o ka hui i alakaʻi ʻia e Florentino Pérez he mea pūʻiwa like ia me Forestalia, ʻo ia ka mea lanakila nui loa o nā kūkālā ʻelua i hala aku nei no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo uku. nā pono ikehu hou, me ka nui o 1.500 MW o ka mana makani a me 108,5 MW o ka hanauna uila ma o ka biomass. Ma kēia ala, hoʻohui ʻo Forestalia i ka 1924,5 megawatts i hāʻawi ʻia ma waena o nā kūkālā ʻekolu i hala, a hoʻohui hou i kāna ʻike o ke kūmole ma ke ʻano hou o ka hanauna ikehu hou, i kahi mākeke kūpono, wehe a hoʻokūkū hoʻi.

Ma ke kudala Mei, ma hope Poʻomanaʻo Aia ke kinoea Fenosa Gas, aia ma kahi o 600 MW wale nō; ʻO Enel Green Power Sepania, me kahi o 500 MW wale nō; a me Siemens Gamesa, me 206 MW. Ua lawe ʻo Norvento i ka 128 MW.

Me ke kahaha, ʻo Iberdrola, ka hui Sepania alakaʻi i ka ikehu o ka makani, ua waiho waho o ka poʻe hoʻolei. Hāʻawi nā ʻoihana hoʻokūkū āpau i ka uku hōʻemi kiʻekiʻe i ʻae ʻia, hoʻonohonoho ʻia ma 63,43% o ke kumukūʻai no kēlā me kēia megawatt.

Ma hope o 3 mau makahiki, ulu hou nā ikehu hou

E hāʻawi ʻia nā hopena hope loa o ke kūkālā ma ka lā ʻapōpō e ke Kuhina o Energy i ka National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC) no ka hōʻoia ʻana. Me keia mau kudala elua, EAia ʻo Sepania i loko o kekahi mau hapaʻumi o ka hālāwai ʻana i ka pahuhopu i hoʻonohonoho ʻia no 2020, kahi e loaʻa ai kahi hana hou o 20%.

Poʻomanaʻo

Ua hānau ʻia ka hui ʻo Forestalia ma Zaragoza i ka 2011, ka hopena o a ʻoihana ʻoihana lōʻihi ma mua i ka paipai ʻana i nā ikehu hou, ma nā mea kanu ikehu a me ka ikaika o ka makani mai 1997.

Loaʻa i kēia manawa nā mea kanu ikehu ma Sepania, Palani a me Italia; kūkulu i ka mea wili palaoa nui loa a me ka splinter o ka ʻāina ma Erla (Zaragoza); paipai i nā mea kanu hanauna uila biomass ma Aragon, ke kaiāulu Valencian a me Andalusia, a me nā māla makani like ʻole, ʻo ia hoʻi ma Aragon.

ka ikehuola biomass mai ke koena o nā kumu o ka nahele

Ma Ianuali 14, 2016, ʻo ka Forestalia Group ka mea lanakila nui loa o ke kudala o ke Kuhina ʻoihana, Ikehu a me nā Hoʻokele no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka papa hana uku kikoʻī i nā pono hana hou no ka hana ʻana i ka uila mai ka ʻenehana a me ka ʻenehana biomass. I ka ikehu o ka makani, ua hāʻawi ʻia ka Hui Forestalia i 300 MW, o ka 500 MW kudala; a i ka biomass, ua loaʻa iā ia he 108,5 MW o ka biomass, mai ke 200 kudala.

ʻO ka puka ʻana o ka Nāhele ʻo Forestalia i ka mākeke ikehu e hoʻopuka i nā hopena maikaʻi loa: Ua kūpaʻa ʻo Forestalia i kahi mākeke hāmama, hoʻokūkū, aniani moakaka, ka hoʻokō kiʻekiʻe, nā kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa a, ʻo ka mea hope loa, ʻoi aku nā keu pono o nā kumukūʻai no ka mea kūʻai

 


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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.