Pahu hou i Argentina

Ma kahi o 2 mau makahiki aku nei, kikoʻī ma ʻOkakopa 15, 2015, ua wehe ʻia ka pāpā ʻana i nā ikehu hou ma Argentina.

I kēlā lā, ua paʻi ʻia ke kānāwai 27.191 i loko o ka Official Gazette, ʻo ia ʻano maʻamau ka pāā ʻia i hoʻomālamalama i ka fuse no ka ulu kupaianaha o nā mea hou i ka ʻāina hema.

ka makani makani

Ua ʻae kēia kānāwai i ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā hoʻopukapuka 7000 miliona mau kālā a me nā haneli he nui o nā hui hou e hoʻouka a mālama i nā mea kanu photovoltaic, nā māla makani, nā mea kanu biomass a me nā biogas a me nā mea kanu mini-hydroelectric.

Polokalamu RenovAr

Ke wehewehe nei mākou i loko ʻatikala ʻē aʻeHe makahiki nui kēia no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā mea hou. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e hoʻomaka ke kūkulu ʻia nā papahana i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā mahina he 12 i hala iho nei, a me 26 e kūkulu ʻia nei, e like me ka Polokalamu RenovAr, paipai ʻia e ke Aupuni.

Nā Mokupuni ʻo Canary a me nā ikehu hou

Inā hoʻomau ʻo Argentina i kēlā helu, e hoʻokō ia i ka pahuhopu o ka uhi ʻana i 20% o kāna matrix ikehu me nā ikehu hou e 2025, i kēia lā ʻaʻole hiki ke kiʻi i 2%, akā me ka mea kanu hou ma lalo o ke kūkulu ʻana e ʻae ʻia e hōʻea i 8% i kēia makahiki a 12% i ka 2019.

ikehu hou a Kina

Wahi a nā luna like ʻole: «He mea nui ia aha ke hana nei i Argentina, ke hoʻonohonoho nei ka ʻāina iā ia iho i ka honua ma ke ʻano he mākeke nani loa no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ikehu hou ”.

ʻO Juan Bosch, pelekikena o Saesa, kahi kālepa ʻenekini a me ka ikehu, e hōʻoia nei ʻo Argentina ʻo ia noho maikai nui loa. "Inā ʻoe e nānā i hope i ʻelua mau makahiki wale nō, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka pāʻani ʻana o ka ʻāina i kahi hui ʻē aʻe i nā mea hou, he 1/2% wale nō ka ikehu hou i ka matrix ikehu I kēia lā ʻaʻohe ʻaha kūkā ikehu hou i ka honua kahi e kūkākūkā ʻole ʻia ʻo Argentina ma ke ʻano he wahi hoʻopukapuka.

ka makani makani

Ke hele mai nei kēlā mau hoʻopukapuka mai nā wahi a puni o ka honua. E kōkua kēia mau mea iā Argentina i ulu i ka honua houʻOiai eia kahi mea i hoʻouka ʻia o 678 MW, Uruguay he 1720 MW (44% o kāna ikehu matrix); ʻO Chile, 3740 MW (17%), a me Brazil, 28.310 MW (18%).

I kēia manawa he 678 MW wale nō o nā ikehu hou e hānai i ka matrix ikehu Argentina, ʻoiai ke hālāwai nei me ka 20% pahu hopu ma 2025 e hōʻike. hiki i 10.000 MW. No ka hoʻokō ʻana i kēia, ua hoʻokumu ke aupuni i ka Polokalamu RenovAr, kahi puʻuwai nui i māhele ʻia i nā puni e hāʻawi ana i nā papahana hanauna i nā hui like ʻole.

A hiki i kēia manawa, ʻo ka mea i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia Polokalamu RenovAr, i hoʻopau ʻekolu mau puni (puni 1 i ʻAukake 2016; puni 1,5 i Nowemapa 2016, a puni 2 i ʻOkakopa 2017). Hōʻike ʻoluʻolu ua loaʻa nā 4466,5 MW i hāʻawi ʻia e kēia ʻōnaehana, kūlike i nā papahana 147 (59 o nā puni 1 a me 1,5 a me 88 o ka puni 2). "I kēlā mea pono mākou e hoʻohui i 10 mau papahana hou aʻe o ka hoʻonā 202."

ʻO Energy Energy Photovoltaic

Nā kumukū'ai

He mea nui nā hoʻopukapuka kūpono a kaukaʻi ʻia i ke ʻano o ka ʻenehana i koho ʻia: ʻo kahi laʻana, e hoʻouka i hoʻokahi MW o ka mana i ka ikehu lā, pono hoʻolei ma kahi o $ 850000, ʻoiai no hoʻokahi MW o ka ikehu makani, ma kahi o $ 1.2 miliona e pono ai.

I nā kumuwaiwai, ʻaʻohe mea e lili ka ʻāina i nā lāhui ʻē aʻe. Nui ka makani (a me ka ikaika maikaʻi) ma Patagonia; nui ka lā ma ka ʻĀkau (ʻoiai ma Córdoba), a aia nō kumuwaiwai he nui o ka biogas a me ka biomass i ka wahi mahiʻai. Aia kekahi hiki i ka mea kanu mini-hydroelectric.

ʻOi aku ka maʻalahi o ka ikehu hou ma mua o ka ikehu kuʻuna: ʻo kekahi o nā papahana RenovAr makepono loa i pani ʻia ma US $ 45 no kēlā me kēia MW / h, ʻoiai i kēia lā kūʻai ka mea hoʻohana nui mai Camessa mai ma US $ 70/80 MW / h. No ka mea kūʻai maʻamau he mea nui loa kēia, ʻoiai kēlā me kēia MW / h o ka ikehu hou e hoʻemi i kā lākou pila uila.

Mana makani

Makemake ke aupuni e hana i kahi hui uila o ʻenehana ʻokoʻa (ka makani, ka lā, ka biogas, ka biomass a me ka mini-hydro), akā ʻo ka mea nui ka mana o ka makani, kahi i hāʻawi ʻia ai nā ʻaelike no ka nui o 2.5 GW.

 

Ikehu lā

Ma hope o ka ikehu o ka makani, ʻo ka lā ka mea nui, me nā papahana i hāʻawi ʻia e 1732 MW. I kēia manawa, ʻaʻohe nui o kēia ʻenehana i ka ʻāina. Aia wale he 7 MW ma San Juan, a pono e hoʻohui ʻia i kahi mea kanu hoʻokolohua o 1,5 MW hoʻi ma ia panalāʻau.

ikehu lā photovoltaic i nā holoholona

I kēia hihia, ʻo 360 Energy ka, e pili ana i nā makana, ka ʻoihana ikehu lā pilikino pilikino nui loa o ka ʻāina. ʻO kāna CEO, ʻo Alejandro Lew, kuhikuhi i kēlā, ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka mea hou kipi hou, ua kau inoa kēia ʻoihana i kekahi mau ʻaelike ma lalo o nā lula o ka RenoVar 1,5 Round (ʻehiku mau aelike, no 165 MW, ma San Juan, Catamarca a me La Rioja, nona ka ʻaelike mua e hoʻomaka ai e hana ma Malaki) a i ka Round 2 (nā ʻaelike no 147 MW e hoʻomaka i ka hana ma 2019 a me 2020, ma Catamarca, San Juan, La Rioja a me Córdoba "I ka huina, hoʻopukapuka mākou $ 300 miliona".

Hoʻomaopopo ʻo Lew e hiki i Argentina ke lilo i mana mana. Ma ke komohana ʻākau o ka ʻāina, akā ma nā wahi paha e like paha maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka panalāʻau o Buenos Aires (ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o kekahi mau wahi o ʻEulopa). "ʻO nā holomua e hoʻolālā ʻia i ka ikehu lā e hōʻike ana i ka hiki ke hoʻolako ʻia ka matrix ikehu kūloko e kēlā kumu."

Nā ikehu ʻē aʻe

Ma hope iki aku, akā me nā hoʻopukapuka a me nā papahana, hele mai nā biogas a me nā biomass. I kēia manawa ua hāʻawi ʻia 65 MW a 158 MW, i kēlā me kēia hihia. I kēia lā, helu ʻia nā mea kanu biogas ma ka ʻāina ma nā manamana o hoʻokahi lima (ʻaʻole paha he 10 MW), akā ua manaʻo ʻia ma nā mahina 24 e hiki mai ana aia ma kahi o 30.

biomass no nā paila

Hoʻolaha ʻo SeedsEnergy i kahi hoʻopukapuka kālā o US $ 11 miliona e kūkulu i kahi mea kanu biogas ma Venado Tuerto (2 MW) a me US $ 13 miliona e kūkulu hou i Pergamino (2,4 MW). «ʻO kēia i ka manawa mua no ka mea manaʻo mākou hoʻonui i ka hiki. Inā aia kahi RenovAr 3, e noʻonoʻo mākou i ka hōʻike ʻana iā mākou iho, no ka mea makemake mākou e kūkulu hou i nā mea kanu a hoʻopuka hou i nā waiwai ».

ʻO ka ʻōuli ʻōmaʻomaʻo i loaʻa i kēia mau makahiki 2 i hala aku nei he mea kupaianaha ia, a ua hoʻokau i ka ʻāina i nā hiʻohiʻona o nā mea hoʻopukapuka honua, ke hōʻea nei lākou hoʻopukapuka miliona-miliona, pūlima ʻia nā ʻaelike, kūkulu ʻia he mau pāka a hana ʻia ka hana. Aia kahi ala lōʻihi loa e lilo ai ʻo Argentina i mana i ka ikehu maʻemaʻe, akā ua kau ʻia ka pōhaku mua.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.