ʻO nā ʻāina hea ko ʻEulopa mau alakaʻi i ka hana hou?

ʻo ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i ka ikehu hou e hoʻonui i ka GDP honuaI kēia manawa, e like me ka ʻike Eurostat hou loa, ʻo ka mahele o ka ikehu mai nā kumuwaiwai hou i ka European Union i hōʻea i ka awelika 17% o ka hoʻopau hope loa. ʻO kahi helu nui, inā lawe ʻia ka ʻikepili 2004, mai kēlā manawa ua hiki wale i 7%.

E like me kā mākou e ʻōlelo ai i nā manawa he nui, ʻo ka pahuhopu koi o ka European Union ʻo ia e 2020 20% o ka ikehu e hele mai nā kumuwaiwai hou a hāpai i kēia pākēneka a ma ka liʻiliʻi he 27% ma 2030. ʻOiai aia kahi manaʻo e hoʻoponopono hou i kēia helu hope i luna.

Ma ka ʻāina, ʻo Suedena ka ʻāina kahi i hana ʻia ai ka ikehu hou ma luna o ka ʻai hope loa, me 53,8%. Hahai ʻia e Pinilana (38,7%), Latvia (37,2), ʻAukekulia (33,5%) a me Denmark (32,2%). Minamina aia kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe i mamao loa mai nā pahuhopu a EU, e like me Luxembourg (5,4%), Malta a me Netherlands (ʻelua me 6%). Aia ʻo Sepania ma waenakonu o ka papa, me 17% wale nō.

aupuni

Ka pākēneka o ka ikehu mai nā kumuwaiwai hou (% o ka hoʻohana hope loa)

1 ʻO Sweden

53,8

2 Finland

38,7

3. Latvia

37,2

4 ʻO Austria

33,5

5 ʻO Denmark

32,2

6 Estonia

28,8

7. Pokukala

28,5

8 ʻO Croatia

28,3

9 Lituania

25,6

10. Romania

25

14 Sepania

17,2

Ma hope aʻe e ʻike mākou i kekahi mau hanana o nā ʻāina lālā, me ka mea a lākou e makemake ai a i ʻole e hoʻokō i nā pahuhopu o ka European Union

Nā hana hou hou mai nā ʻāina like ʻole

Nā māla makani kūwahi i Pokukala

ʻO ka mua mahiʻai makani kūwaho o ka Iberian Peninsula he mea maoli akā ma waho o ke kahakai o ʻO Viana do Castelo, ma nā ʻāina Pukiki, 60 wale nō mau mile mai ka palena me Galicia. ʻO ia ka pili hou a hoʻoholo o ka ʻāina kokoke no ka ikaika hou, kahi māla kahi He ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o Pokukala ma luna o mākou, ʻoiai ka mana o Sepania he mana honua e pili ana i ka ikehu o ka makani -terrestrial- e hopohopo nei.

Aeolian Denmark

ʻO ke kūlike ʻole Sepania

I ka hihia o ka ikehu o ka makani i waho, ʻo ka pākana Sepania ka huina. I ko mākou ʻāina ʻaʻohe wahi mahiʻai makani "kūwaho", kekahi mau prototypes hoʻokolohua wale nō. Y Eia nō naʻe, he alakaʻi alakaʻi kā mākou ʻoihana i kēia ʻenehana. ʻAʻole hoʻokahi megawatt i komo i ka pūnaewele Sepania mai ke kai ke komo i United Kingdom ʻO'Iberdrola hoʻokumu ʻia kekahi mau māla makani, e like me ke Komohana o Duddon Sands (389 MW), i kūkulu ʻia ma Kelemania a hāʻawi ʻia (i ka United Kingdom) ka East Anglia One (714 MW), ka papahana Sepania nui loa i ka mōʻaukala o ka mahele o mea hou. Ma waho aʻe o Iberdrola, ʻo nā ʻoihana e like me Ormazabal a i ʻole Gamesa he mau hōʻailona hoʻi.

Hōʻike ʻo Palani i kahi hoʻolālā e pāpālua i ka mana o ka makani e 2023

Ua hōʻike ʻo Palani i kahi hoʻolālā nona ka pahuhopu e hoʻomaʻalahi i nā kaʻina hana a me ka wikiwiki i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pāhana ikehu āpau e hoʻonui i ka hanauna ikehu maʻemaʻe mai kēia ʻāpana a pāpālua e 2023.

Hale mahiʻai makani i ke kai

Nā pilikia a Denmark

ʻO kā Danemaka noi wehe i ka lānahu i nā makahiki 8, kānalua ʻole he pahuhopu nui i mua. ʻO Count ma Denmark ke alakaʻi i ka mana makani no nā makahiki he nui mai ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i kēia ʻenehana mai ka makahiki 1970 me ka pilikia aila honua.

Hele nā ​​pahuhopu o Denmark ma:

  • 100 pākēneka ikehu hou e 2050
  • 100 pākēneka hiki ke hoʻololi hou i ka uila a me ka hoʻomehana e 2035
  • Piha pae o ka hoʻopau ʻana o lānahu e 2030
  • 40 pākēneka hoʻēmi i kinoea hoʻomehana honua mai 1900 a 2020
  • 50 pakeneka o ka koi uila hoʻolako ʻia e ka mana makani e 2020

Pelekania

Makemake ʻo Pinilana e pāpā i ka lānahu i ka wā e hiki mai ana

Finland ke aʻo ʻana e pāpā, ma ke kānāwai, nā lānahu e hana ai ka uila ma mua o 2030. ʻOiai ma nā mokuʻāina e like me Sepania, ua hoʻonui ka ʻā ʻana o ka lānahu i ka 23% i ka makahiki i hala, makemake ʻo Pinilana e nānā no nā koho ʻōmaʻomaʻo, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka ʻāina.

Finland

I ka makahiki i hala, ua hōʻike ke aupuni Finnish i kahi hoʻolālā hoʻolālā aupuni hou no ka ʻenehana ikehu e hoʻolako ana, i waena o nā ana ʻē aʻe, pāpā ʻia e ke kānāwai i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lānahu no ka hana uila mai 2030.

Nā kaʻa uila o Nolewai

Ma Nolewai, 25% o nā kaʻa i kūʻai ʻia he uila. ʻAe, ua heluhelu pololei ʻoe i kēlā, 25%, 1 i ka 4, he mau hōʻailona pono hoʻi ia i ka ikehu uila a hiki ke hana nona iho me nā ikehu hou. ʻO kahi laʻana e ukali ai, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka mea hana aila nui. ʻO ia ka mea i hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kiʻi. Ma kahi o ka ʻaila e kuni nei e hana i ka uila, ua hoʻolaʻa lākou iā lākou iho i ka lawe ʻana aku iā ia a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa e hana ai i nā mea kanu hydroelectric.

Norway

 

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.