ʻO ka ʻEkolu Gorges Dam, ka mea nui loa o ka honua

ʻO ke Kahawai ʻEkolu Gorges (Kina maʻalahi: 三峡 大坝, Kina kahiko: 三峽 大壩, pinyin: Sānxiá Dàbà) aia i ke kahe o ka muliwai Yangtze ma Kina. ʻO ia ka mea kanu nui ʻoiʻoi loa ma ka honua.

Ua hoʻomaka ka hana ʻana o ka maku i 1983 a ua manaʻo ʻia e lawe ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki. Ma Nowemapa 9, 2001 ua wehe ʻia ka papa o ka muliwai a ma 2003 ka hui mua o nā mea hana hana i hoʻomaka e hana. Ke hoʻomaka nei i ka 2004, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia he 2000 mau hui o nā hana i kēlā me kēia makahiki, a hiki i ka pau ʻana o ka hana.

ʻO ke kahawai ʻEkolu Gorges,

Ma Iune 6, 2006, ua wāwahi ʻia ka paia hope o ka dam, me ka lawa o nā mea pāhū e wāwahi ai i nā hale he 400 mau hale 10. Ua pau ia ma ʻOkakopa 30, 2010. Aneane 2 miliona mau kānaka neʻe hou ʻia ʻano nui i nā kaiāulu hou i kūkulu ʻia ma Chongqing kūlanakauhale.

Nā'ike

Kū ke kahawai ma kapa o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Yichang, ma ka panalāʻau ʻo Hubei. Ua kapa ʻia ka loko wai ma hope o Gorotkia, a hiki iā ia ke mālama he 39.300 biliona m3. Ua loaʻa 32 mau mīkini uila o 700 MW pākahi, 14 i hoʻokau ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka dam, 12 ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka dam a me ʻeono hou aku i lalo o ka ʻāina, a he 24.000 MW ka nui o ka mana.

I nā hoʻolālā kumu, hiki i kēia dam hoʻokahi ke hāʻawi iā 10% o ko Kina koi uila. Eia naʻe ka ulu ʻana o ka noi he exponential, a hiki wale nō ke hāʻawi i ka ikehu i 3% o ka hoʻohana kūloko ʻana o Kina.

Ua haʻalele kēia hana nui i nā kūlanakauhale 19 a me 322 mau kūlanakauhale ma lalo o ka pae o ka wai, e ʻaneʻane kokoke ana i 2 miliona mau kānaka a e hoʻopiha ana i kekahi 630 km2 o ka ʻāina Kina.

Na kēia muliwai e hoʻoponopono i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ke kahe o kēia kahawai, i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka wā ua, no laila e pale ana i nā kahawai o ka nā kūlanakauhale kokoke. E ʻokoʻa ka pae o ka wai mai 50 m a 175 m, kaukaʻi ʻia i nā kau. ʻO kahi pahuhopu ʻē aʻe o kāna kūkulu ʻana e hoʻolako i ka wai i kahi ʻāpana nui o ka heluna Kina, me ka hiki ke mālama ʻia he 39.300 miliona cubic mika, a 22.150 miliona e hāʻawi ʻia i ka kahe wai.

ʻO kekahi kumu e hana i ka uila, no ia ia e loaʻa ai 26 nā mea hoʻoili turbine o 700.000 kilowatts pakahi.

Muliwai Yangtze

Me ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kēia makuawai nui, ka hoʻokele muliwai ma ka muliwai Yangtze, kahi e hoʻonui ai i ka ulu waiwai o ka ʻāina. Akā ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka holomua, ua hoʻololi ʻia ke kaiapuni kahi i kūkulu ʻia ai ʻo Three Gorges Dam.

Ua hoʻonui ʻia kēia papahana ma mua o 250 km2 o ka ʻāina, 13 kūlanakauhale a nā kauhale liʻiliʻi he haneli ma kapa o ka muliwai. Ua hoʻoneʻe ka neʻe ʻana o ka hoʻomohala ma mua o 1.130.000 mau kānaka e haʻalele i ko lākou mau home, ka kipaku nui loa i ka mōʻaukala, ma muli o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi loko.

E hāʻawi wale i kahi laʻana, i ka manawa o 2001 ua hoʻopuka ʻo Sepania i ka mana hydroelectric o 18.060 MW. Hiki i ka ʻEkolu Gorges Dam ke hana i mana makahiki o 17.680 MW.

ʻO ke kahawai ʻo Three Gorges Yangtze kahi ʻāpana nani loa o ka muliwai Yangtze. Hana lākou i kahi moʻo o nā mea kūlohelohe a me nā moʻomeheu.

Nā Loli Hou o nā Gorges ʻEkolu

He wahi weliweli kēia ʻāpana o ka honua. ʻOiai, mai ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o ke Kahawai ʻEkolu Gorges (hoʻopau piha i 2006) ua piʻi ka pae o ka muliwai i 180 m (590 ft) a ua lilo ka muliwai i mea nui. ʻoi aku ka mālie a me ka hoʻokele hou aʻe. I kēlā me kēia lā he nui nā moku holo kai e holo ma waena o Chongqing a me Yichang. ʻO kahi huakaʻi ʻoluʻolu, kahi e hāʻawi ai i nā mea kaʻa me ka manawa kūpono e ʻike ai i ka nani o nā kahawai.

Hoʻolauna Kākela

ʻO nā Gorges ʻEkolu ʻo Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge, a ʻo Xiling Gorge. Qutang (/ chyoo-tung / 'Qu (inoa ʻohana) loko') Hoʻomaka ʻo Gorge ma ke kapikala ʻo Fengjie, e pili ana 500 km kahe mai ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Chongqing, ma Chonqing Township. Aia ʻo Qutang ma kahi o 40 km ka lōʻihi a hoʻopau ma Wushan (/ Woo-shan / 'Witch Mountain') Kaona Kaona.

Hoʻomaka ʻo Wu Gorge ("Witch") a hui ʻo Daning i ka muliwai Yangtze ma Wushan. Hele ka huakaʻi i ka muliwai ʻo Daning i nā huakaʻi ma o ka Lesser Three Gorges, kahi mana kuʻina o nā Three Gorges, kahi i hoʻonohonoho mau ʻia ʻololī o nā kahawai, i kapa ʻia ʻo Mini o nā Gorges ʻEkolu ma kahi wēlau. ʻO Wu Gorge ma kahi o 40 km ka lōʻihi a hui pū me Xiling Gorge ma ke kaona kalana ʻo Badong (/ bar-dong / ʻo "East of Sihuan and Chongqing", a aia wale nō ma ka palena me ka Panalāʻau ʻo Hubei).

ʻO Xiling Gorge (/ sshee-ling / 'kaulahao komohana') ʻāpana o Badong, ma ka hui o ke kahawai ʻo Shennong a me ka Yangtze. ʻO nā wai aniani, nā ala hele wāwae a me nā pahu kupapaʻu o Shennong Creek e lawe i nā mea mākaʻikaʻi ma kahi o nā holoholo mini e ʻimi i kēia ʻume mai ka ʻaoʻao. Ke Ana ʻo Sanyou (/ san-yo / 'ʻekolu huakaʻi'), i kahi ʻekolu mau haku mele kaulana i ʻōlelo ʻia i nohoHe ana nani ia, "ke ana ʻoi loa ma nā ʻāpana ʻEkolu Gorges". ʻO Sanyou Cave ma kahi o 10 mau kilomita mai Yichang ma ka Xiling Gorge. ʻO Xiling Gorge ma kahi o 100 km ka lōʻihi a hoʻopau i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Yichang.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  1.   ʻO Eduardo Hurtado ia

    Aloha ahiahi e nā Hoa. Pehea lākou? ʻO Eduardo Hurtado koʻu inoa a he ʻenehana ʻenehana ʻo wau. No kekahi mau mahina e hana nei wau i ka hoʻomohala ʻia ʻana o kekahi o nā papahana hanauna Hydroelectric. ʻO ka poʻe hoihoi e ʻike e pili ana. Kākau mai iaʻu a naʻu e haʻi aku iā ʻoe i ka inoa o ke kumuhana.