ʻEhā 100% mau ʻāina hou

No kēia mau ʻāina, ʻo ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o ka ikehu hou ʻaʻole ia he pahuhopu e hoʻokō ai, akā he pahuhopu e mālama. Ke hoʻonui nei i kāu nā kumuwaiwai kumuwaiwai Ua hoʻokō kekahi mau ʻāina i ka moemoeā o ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi kumu ikehu hou he 2017% i ka 100.

Maikaʻi loa nā kūlana ʻehā ma mea ikehu hou, ke hāʻawi nei i nā haʻawina ikehu i nā ʻoihana nui, ʻo ia hoʻi, e hana ana i kā lākou mau pono āpau me ka ikehu "ʻōmaʻomaʻo".

Uruguay

ʻO Uruguay ka mua o kēia mau ʻāina. Ma Kepakemapa 14, ua loaʻa i ka ʻāina ʻAmelika Hema aneane he 24 mau hola o ka hanauna mai ka makani, ka uila, ka biomass a me ka ikehu lā.

ʻO ka ikehu hou

Kākoʻo ke aupuni o kēia ʻāina i nā makahiki 6 i hala aku nei ʻo Uruguay naueʻe ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 22 biliona i ka ikehu hou hiki ke hoʻomau, e hoʻokahuli i kona kaukaʻi ʻana i ka aila a me ka ʻaila.

ʻO Ramón Méndez, Luna Hoʻokele o ka Energy a me ka mea hoʻolaha o ka hoʻolālā 25 mau makahiki, mai ka 2008 e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i ka Iecaianoaaiiuo ikehu, i ʻōlelo "E loaʻa ana iā mākou nā manawa he nui i kahi o 100% o ka uila a mākou e hoʻopau ai ma Uruguay e pili ana i ka makani". Makani

Ua hoʻohana ʻē kēia ʻāina liʻiliʻi he 3,3 miliona mau kānaka i ka hiki ke loaʻa i nā kahawai no ka hanauna hydroelectric a ke hoʻopukapuka nei i kēlā me kēia makahiki 3% o kāna Gross Domestic Product (GDP) i kahi hoʻoponopono hou e hoʻokō i ka mana kaika i nā makahiki o ka maloʻo a e hoʻēmi i kona kaha kiʻi o ke kaiapuni.

Wahi a Méndez, "No nā ikehu āpau e hoʻopau ai ʻo Uruguay, aia ma kahi o 50% e pili ana i nā ikehu hou, a ma loko o ka ʻenehana uila ma 2015 ma mua o 90% e puka mai nā ikehu hou."

Inā mākou e nānā i kahi hōʻike mai ka World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF ma English), Costa Rica, Uruguay, Brazil, Chile a me Mexico ke alakaʻi nei i nā hana i ka ʻāina. hoʻololi paradigm a koho i ka ikehu hou ma kahi o nā wahie fossil e like me ka aila a me ka lānahu.

Wili makani

Koka Rika

I ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ʻo Costa Rica e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka ikehu maʻemaʻe ma mua o 30 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua like ia me he mea hoʻomākeʻaka lā, akā ʻaʻole i liʻuliʻu no nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e kope i kāna mau ʻanuʻu. A hiki i kēia lā, ua kapa ʻia ka ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Kuikilana, ua hoʻomaka e ʻohi i nā kūleʻa nui ma mua o nā hoʻohiki a me nā manaʻo maikaʻi.

Ke holomua nei ʻo Costa Rica e lilo i 100% ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa mua loa, e hoʻohana pono ana i ka waiola, ka honua, ka lā a me nā kumuwaiwai biomass.

ke kumukuai

hōʻike ka World Wildlife Fund (WWF) ua kokoke ka ʻāina i kahi hou milestone i loko o kāna mōʻaukala ikehu: e lilo i ʻāina mua ma Latin America i hoʻokalakupua ʻia e 100% ikehu hou.

Inā kālailai ʻia ka hōʻike, hōʻike ka WWF iā Costa Rica he 223.000 gigawatts hiki ke loaʻa i kēlā me kēia makahiki o ka hydroelectricity, a ma emi o 10% e hoʻohana ʻia nei, a he nui ka hanauna geothermal a me ka makani hanauna. "ʻO ia ka paradaiso ikehu hou loa ma ka moku ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa."

Eia hou, ua hoʻonohonoho ke aupuni iā ​​ia iho i ka pahuhopu o ka hoʻokō ʻana i kahi hoʻokele waiwai kalepona, a no kēia mea i wae ʻia e hiki i 2021 me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu. hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā kumuwaiwai hou.

ʻO Lesotho

I ka makahiki 1998 ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka mea kanu hydroelectric mua ma ka ʻāina. Hana kēia i 90% o ka ikehu e pono ai, hoʻokumu ʻia nā SME o ka ʻāina i ka hoʻololi o nā huahana mahiʻai a me ka hana ʻana i nā lole. Ua pōmaikaʻi ka hope i ka palapala no ka ʻāina e loaʻa ai nā keu pono o ka Africa Growth and Opportunity Act mai ke aupuni US. Ua hiki iā Lesotho ke lilo i 100% hou, mahalo i ka mana hydroelectric, akā e paio mau ana nō me ka maloʻo i kēlā mau manawa kūʻai mai ia i ka ikehu mai nā ʻāina ʻē ʻē aʻe. Pono e hoʻohui ʻia ka hana hou a aia i ke kaʻina o ka hoʻonā ʻana.

Islandia 

ʻO ka ikehu ma kēia mokupuni liʻiliʻi ma ka ʻākau o ʻEulopa e pili ana i ka ikehu hou. I ka makahiki 2011 ua hana ka ʻāina 65 GWh o ikehu mua, ʻoi aku ma mua o 85% i hele mai nā kumuwaiwai hoʻohou hou kūloko.

Ikehu Geothermal

Hāʻawi ka ikehu geothermal o nā luaipele i ʻelua hapakolu o ka ikehu mua, i kōkua ʻia e ka hydroelectric 19,1% a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe. I ka 2013, ua hōʻea ka uila i 18116 GWh, i hana ʻia hoʻomaʻamaʻa 100% ikehu hou "ma mua o 99% ma 1982 a aneane kū hoʻokahi mai ia manawa."

Nā hoʻohana nui o ikehu geothermal ʻo lākou ka hoʻomehana o nā hale, me 45,4% o ka nui o ka geothermal ʻai, a me ka hana o ka uila, me 38,8%.

Ma kahi o 85% o nā hale ma ka ʻāina pumehana lākou me kēia ikehu hou.

ikehu geothermal, ikehu hou


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.