Yadda ake yin gilashin

gilashin karya

A cikin muhallinmu muna da adadi mai yawa na gilashi a ko'ina. Duk da haka, ba mutane da yawa sun sani ba yadda ake yin gilashi. A cikin wannan labarin za mu yi nazarin yadda ake yin gilashi da crystal da kuma yadda ake yin su da kuma bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin kowannensu. A yau muna amfani da adadi mai yawa na abubuwa da aka yi da gilashi da crystal. Tallace-tallacen gidaje, motoci, madubai, kwalaben magani, kwalabe, allon talabijin, fitilun fitulu, kantunan kanti, fuskokin kallo, vases, kayan ado da sauran abubuwa da yawa.

Saboda haka, za mu keɓe wannan labarin don gaya muku yadda ake yin gilashi da abin da ya kamata a yi la'akari da shi.

Yadda ake yin gilashin

gilashin kwalban masana'anta

Gilashin da yashi ake yi, kuma yashi ne wanda ke dauke da sinadari mai suna silica, wanda shine tushen yin gilashi. Yana da matukar muhimmanci a san yadda za a bambanta tsakanin gilashi da crystal. Abin da ake kira "crystal" shima gilashi ne, amma tare da ƙarin gubar. Amma bari mu kalli wannan duka da kyau.

Ana yin gilashin daga silica a cikin yashi da sauran abubuwa kamar sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) da farar ƙasa (CaCO3). Za mu iya cewa ya ƙunshi 3 abubuwa, cakuda yashi quartz, soda da lemun tsami. Ana narkar da waɗannan abubuwa guda uku a cikin tanderu a matsanancin zafin jiki (kimanin 1.400ºC zuwa 1.600ºC). Sakamakon wannan ƙullun shine gilashin gilashin da aka yi amfani da su a hanyoyi daban-daban, wato fasahar gyare-gyare, kamar yadda za mu gani a kasa. Kamar yadda ake iya gani, albarkatun kasa don gilashi shine yashi.

Gilashin masana'anta

yadda ake yin gilashi

Za mu ga 3 da aka fi amfani da fasahar siffanta gilashi, ko makamancin haka, kera samfuran gilashi.

  • Gyaran busa ta atomatik: Kayan gilashin (gilashin narkar da) yana shiga cikin wani nau'i mai zurfi, wanda samansa na ciki yana da siffar da muke so mu ba da gilashin, ko kuma daidai, siffar abu na ƙarshe. Da zarar an rufe gyare-gyaren, ana shigar da iska mai matsa lamba a ciki don daidaita kayan zuwa bangonsa. Bayan sanyaya, buɗe ƙirar kuma cire abu. Kamar yadda kake gani, da narkakkar gilashin an riga an yi shi da farko, kuma a ƙarshe an yanke ragowar ɓangaren, wanda ake kira flash, an yanke shi. A kasan shafin, kuna da bidiyo, don haka za ku iya ganin fasaha da gaske. Ana amfani da wannan fasaha don yin kwalabe, kwalba, gilashin da sauransu. Ana amfani da wannan fasaha don yin kwalabe, kwalba, gilashin da sauransu.
  • An ƙirƙira ta hanyar iyo akan wankan kwano: Ana amfani da wannan fasaha don samun faranti na gilashi, misali don yin gilashi da tagogi. Zuba kayan da aka narkar a cikin gwangwani mai dauke da ruwa. Tun da gilashin yana da ƙananan yawa fiye da tin, ana rarraba shi a kan tin (floats) don samar da flakes, wanda ake turawa a cikin tanderun da ke rufewa ta hanyar tsarin na'ura, inda aka sanyaya su. Da zarar an sanyaya, an yanke zanen gado.
  • Wanda aka kirkira ta rollers: Narkakkar kayan yana wucewa ta tsarin nadi mai santsi ko granular lamination. Ana amfani da wannan fasaha don yin gilashin aminci. A zahiri daidai yake da hanyar da ta gabata, bambanci shine inda na'urar yanke take, muna da abin nadi wanda zai iya siffata da / ko kauri takardar kafin yanke.

Gilashi da kaddarorin crystal

gilashin crystal

Mafi mahimmancin halayen gilashin sune: m, translucent, mai hana ruwa, juriya ga yanayin muhalli da magungunan sinadarai, kuma a ƙarshe mai wuya amma mai rauni. Hard yana nufin ba shi da sauƙi a tono shi kuma yana karye, cikin sauƙin karyewa ta hanyar kumbura.

Yana da mahimmanci don rarrabe tsakanin gilashi da crystal. Da farko, dole ne mu fahimci bambanci tsakanin gilashi da crystal. Crystal ya wanzu a cikin nau'i daban-daban a yanayi, irin su ma'adini ko crystal, don haka shi ne danyen abu.

Duk da haka, gilashin abu ne (wanda aka yi da hannu) saboda shi ne sakamakon haɗuwa da wasu abubuwa (silica, soda da lemun tsami). Maganar sinadarai, gishiri, sukari da kankara suma lu'ulu'u ne, da duwatsu masu daraja, karafa da fenti mai kyalli.

Amma gilashin suna sau da yawa ana amfani da shi azaman kalma na gaba ɗaya ga kowane kayan gilashin da ya fi kyau siffa fiye da kwalban gilashin ko kwalabe da ake amfani da su kowace rana. Abin da yawancin mutane ke kira "crystal" yana nufin gilashin da aka ƙara da gubar (lead oxide). Irin wannan "gilashin" shine ainihin "gilashin gubar." Irin wannan gilashin yana da daraja sosai don dorewa da kayan ado, kodayake ba lallai ba ne yana da tsarin crystalline. Ana kiran shi crystal kuma shine crystal na kowa don tabarau da kayan ado.

Don kauce wa kuskure, an kafa ma'auni 3 don kula da gilashin gubar kamar crystal. An tsara waɗannan ka'idoji a cikin 1969 ta babbar ƙungiyar kasuwanci a Tarayyar Turai. {Asar Amirka ba ta taɓa saita nata ma'auni ba, amma ta yarda da ƙa'idodin Turai don dalilai na kwastan.

Sharuɗɗa uku don la'akari da crystal zuwa gilashin gubar sune:

  • Abubuwan da ke cikin gubar sun wuce 24%. Ka tuna, gilashin gubar ne kawai.
  • Yawan yawa ya fi 2,90.
  • Ma'anar refractive na 1.545.

Duk da haka, akwai kuma gilashin da aka halicce su a yanayi, irin su obsidian da aka samu ta hanyar zafi da ke samuwa a cikin dutsen mai aman wuta, kama da gilashi.

Kamar yadda kuke gani, muna kuskuren kiran gilashin gubar ko gilashin gani saboda gaskiyarsa tana kwaikwayon gilashin halitta. Wannan kwaikwayi ya kasance babban makasudin masana'antun gilashi. Kada mu taɓa sanya abubuwan gilashin crystal ko gubar a cikin kwantena na sake yin amfani da gilashin. Misali, fitulun fitulu ko fitulun fitulun fitulu, da gilasan gilasai an yi su ne da gilashi maimakon gilashi. Koyaya, gilashin dafa abinci na kowa yawanci ana yin shi da gilashi.

Akwai rudani da yawa na kowa a cikin jama'a tare da kiran gilashin gilashi da akasin haka. Da zarar mun ga tsarin samuwar kowannensu, za mu iya ganin dukkan bambance-bambancen da ke tsakaninsu, ban da halayensu. Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da yadda ake yin gilashi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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