wurare mafi sanyi a duniya

wurare mafi sanyi a duniya

Sauyin yanayi yana haifar da rashin daidaito a duniya ta fuskar yanayin zafi. Saboda haka, muna da lokacin sanyi tare da sanyi mara kyau da lokacin zafi mai zafi. Duk da haka, a yawancin yankuna na duniya mu ma muna da zafi fiye da lokacin sanyi saboda ɗumamar yanayi da riƙewar zafi da iskar gas ke haifarwa. Duk da haka, akwai wurare a wannan duniyar tamu waɗanda yanayin zafi ya yi tsanani. Su ne wurare mafi sanyi a duniya.

A cikin wannan labarin, za mu yi tafiya zuwa wurare mafi sanyi a duniya don saduwa da su kuma mu koyi game da su.

wurare mafi sanyi a duniya

Ulan Bator, Mongolia -45 ° C

Ulaanbaatar, wanda aka fi sani da Ulan Bator, babban birni ne kuma babban birnin Mongoliya, wanda ke arewa ta tsakiyar kasar, mai tsayin kusan mita 1350. Saboda tsayinsa da nisa daga teku, ana ɗaukar Ulaanbaatar a matsayin babban birni mafi sanyi a duniya. tare da yanayin subarctic tare da rikodin yanayin sanyi na -45 ° C. Duk da haka, abin mamaki ne domin kuma shi ne wurin da aka fi ziyarta a cikin wannan matsayi, yana da gidajen tarihi da yawa da kuma gidan sufi mafi girma a Mongoliya, Gandantegchinlen Khiid.

Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan -51,6 °C

Nur-Sultan ya kasance babban birnin Kazakhstan daga 1997 zuwa Maris 2019. Tare da watanni 6 na dusar ƙanƙara da ƙanƙara a kowace shekara, Nur-Sultan shine babban birni na biyu mafi sanyi a duniya. Yanayin yana da matuƙar nahiya, tare da zafi, lokacin rani mai ɗanɗano da tsayi, sanyi, iska, bushewar damuna. Yankin da ke da matuƙar ƙonawa wanda ke fama da ruwan sanyi na Rasha-Siberia da magudanar hamadar zafi na Iran. Rikodi na ƙasa don mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki da aka taɓa yi rikodin shine -51,6 ° C, wanda kuma ke wakiltar kololuwar sanyi na kowane babban birni a duniya.

Eureka, Kanada -55,3°C

Eureka ƙaramin tashar yanayin filin jirgin sama ne a tsibirin Ellesmere, yanki mai sanyi a cikin tsibiran Arctic na Kanada. Yana daya daga cikin wurare mafi nisa a duniya. Yana da mazauna 15 kawai a cikin hunturu (yawan mazaunan yana ƙaruwa kawai a lokacin rani) da Matsakaicin zafin jiki na shekara yana kusa da -20 ° C. Matsakaicin yanayin hunturu shine -40°C kuma mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki da aka taɓa yin rikodin shine -55,3°C, wanda ya fara daga 15 ga Fabrairu, 1979.

Denali Amurka -59,7°C

Denali ko Dutsen McKinley a Alaska shi ne kololuwar kololuwa a Arewacin Amurka a tsayin mita 6.194 sama da matakin teku. An dade ana la'akari da shi dutse mafi sanyi a duniya, tare da matsakaicin yanayin sanyi na -40 ° C. A ranar 1 ga Disamba, 2013, an yi rikodin yawan zafin jiki na -59,7 °C. Sakamakon gaske mai ban sha'awa idan kun yi la'akari da cewa dutsen yana hawa akai-akai, ko da yake yana da babban haɗari ba kawai saboda yanayin zafi ba, amma kuma saboda yawan dusar ƙanƙara, hadarin ƙazamar ruwa da ƴan sa'o'i kaɗan. hasken rana. a cikin hunturu.

Ust'nera, Siberiya -60,4 ° C

Ust'Nera ƙaramin gari ne a Siberiya a arewa maso gabashin Rasha. Rukunin yana daya daga cikin mafi sanyi a duniya, tare da rikodin ƙarancin -60,4 ° C. Ana la'akari da shi daya daga cikin "sandunan sanyi" ("sanyi sanda" shine wurin da yanayin zafi mafi sanyi a kudanci da arewaci) kuma ya ɗauki sunansa daga bakin kogin Nila.

Snag, Kanada -63 ° C

omyakon

Snag wani ƙaramin gari ne dake tsakanin Kanada da Alaska, wanda ke da yanayin zafi mafi girma da aka rubuta a nahiyar Arewacin Amurka, -63°C, a ranar 3 ga Fabrairu, 1947. An yi jita-jita cewa wani gari, Fort Selkirk. 180 km arewa maso gabas da Snag, an rubuta mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki na -65 °C a lokacin hunturu guda, amma ba a taba tabbatar da wannan adadi ba. Garin dai ya danganta irin wannan matsanancin yanayin ga tsaunukan da ke kewaye, wadanda ke toshe iska mai dumi daga Tekun Pacific.

North Ice, Greenland -66,1 °C

North Ice tsohon tashar bincike ne a cikin Greenland Ice don Balaguron Burtaniya ta Arewa Greenland, wanda aka buɗe a cikin 1952 kuma an rufe shi a 1954. Ya kasance a tsayin mita 2341 sama da matakin teku. tashar ta yi rikodin zazzabi na -66,1 ° C a ranar 9 ga Janairu, 1954. An zaɓi sunan tashar don dacewa da tsohuwar tashar kankara ta Kudu ta Burtaniya a Antarctica.

Verchojansk, Siberiya -68,8 ° C

Verchojansk birni ne, da ke a gabashin Siberiya, a ƙasar Rasha, a cikin Jamhuriyar Sakha-Yakut mai cin gashin kanta a tsakiyar kogin Yana. Yanayin sanyi mafi sanyi a Arewacin Hemisphere ya faru a yankin Vilchoyansk, tare da mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki na -68,8 ° C da aka rubuta a cikin Fabrairu 1892. Kodayake wannan wuri ne mai tsananin sanyi, a ranar 20 ga Yuni, 2020, zafin jiki ya kasance +38°C, karya rikodin don mafi girman zafin jiki a tarihin Arctic. A bayyane yake, wannan rashin daidaituwa na thermal yana faruwa ne saboda tasirin sauyin yanayi.

Tomtor, Siberiya -69,2 ° C

Tomtor wani birni ne na Rasha da ke Sacha-Yakutia, wanda saboda haka an tabbatar da shi a matsayin yanki mafi sanyi a duniya. Rikodin Tomtor ya tsaya a -69,2 °C.

Oymyakon, Siberiya -82°C

Siberia sanyi wuri

Ojmjakon, ko Oymyakon, shine birni mafi sanyi a duniya. Ko da yake an raba wannan rikodin tare da biranen Verkhoyansk da Tomtor bisa ga bayanan hukuma, wasu majiyoyi da ba a tabbatar da su ba sun ce zafin da aka rubuta a watan Fabrairun 1983 ya kusa -82 ° C. Ojmjiakon ƙauye ne na Siberian kusa da kogin Indigirka, Har ila yau, a cikin matsanancin yankin Sacha-Yakutia, mai kimanin mutane 800.

Tashar Vostok, Antarctica -89,2 °C

wurare mafi sanyi a duniya

Wurin dindindin na Vostok yana cikin tsakiyar tudun Antarctic, kusa da Pole ta Kudu Magnetic, a wani yanki na Yankin Antarctic na Ostiraliya inda dusar ƙanƙara ke da kauri kusan mita 3.700. Soviets suka gina a cikin 1957, tushe shine mafi mahimmancin cibiyar binciken yanayin Antarctic kuma inda aka rubuta mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki a duniya a ranar 21 ga Yuli, 1982, a -89,2 ° C. Mafi girma a duniya, wanda aka binne a karkashin ƙanƙara mai nisan kilomita 4. Duk da haka, yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun rana a duniya.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da wurare mafi sanyi a duniya da halayensu.


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