Waɗanne ƙasashen Turai ne ke kan gaba wajen samar da sabbin abubuwa?

saka hannun jari a cikin makamashi mai sabuntawa zai kara GDP na duniyaA halin yanzu, bisa ga sabon bayanan Eurostat, rabon kuzari daga kafofin samun sabuntawa a Tarayyar Turai ya kai matsakaita 17% na amfani na karshe. Wani adadi mai mahimmanci, idan aka ɗauki bayanan 2004, tunda a wancan lokacin ya kai 7% kawai.

Kamar yadda muka yi sharhi sau da yawa, maƙasudin maƙasudin Tarayyar Turai shine cewa zuwa 2020 20% na makamashi ya fito daga sabunta kafofin kuma a daga wannan kaso zuwa akalla 27% a 2030. Kodayake akwai shawarar da za a sake duba wannan adadi na karshe zuwa sama.

Ta ƙasa, Sweden ita ce ƙasar da ake samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa akan amfani na ƙarshe, tare da 53,8%. Finland ce ke biye da ita (38,7%), Latvia (37,2), Austria (33,5%) da Denmark (32,2%). Abun takaici kuma akwai wasu da ke nesa da makasudin EU, kamar su Luxembourg (5,4%), Malta da Netherlands (duka tare da 6%). Spain tana tsakiyar teburin, da sama da kashi 17% kawai.

Ƙasar

Kashi na makamashi daga kafofin sabuntawa (% na ƙarshen amfani)

1 Sweden

53,8

2. Finland

38,7

3. Latvia

37,2

4 Austria

33,5

5 Denmark

32,2

6 Kasar Estonia

28,8

7. Portugal

28,5

8 Kuroshiya

28,3

9 Lithuania

25,6

10. Romaniya

25

14 Spain

17,2

Nan gaba za mu ga kudurori da yawa na kasashe membobin kungiyar, tare da abin da suke so ko kuma sun riga sun cika manufofin Tarayyar Turai

Sabuntattun manufofi daga kasashe daban-daban

Gonakin iska na cikin teku a Fotigal

Na farko gonar iska ta cikin teku na yankin Tekun Iberiya ya riga ya zama gaskiya amma daga bakin tekun Viana do Castelo, a cikin yankin Fotigal, kilomita 60 daga iyaka da Galicia. Sabuwar hanyar ce da aka ƙaddara ta ƙasar makwabta don kuzari na sabuntawa, filin da Portugal tana da babbar dama a kanmu, duk da cewa Spain kasa ce mai karfin duniya ta fuskar-karfin iska-duniya.

Aeolian Denmark

Mutanen Espanya masu rikitarwa

Dangane da makamashin iska na cikin teku, akidar Ispaniyan gabaɗaya. A cikin kasarmu babu gonakin iska "na waje", kawai wasu samfurorin gwaji. Y Koyaya, kamfanoninmu shugabannin duniya ne kuma a cikin wannan fasahar. Babu megawatt guda ɗaya da zai shiga cibiyar sadarwar Mutanen Espanya daga teku lokacin da yake cikin Burtaniya Iberdrola an buɗe gonaki masu iska iri-iri, kamar West off Duddon Sands (389 MW), an fara ginawa a Jamus kuma an sake ba da (a cikin Kingdomasar Ingila) East Anglia One (714 MW), aikin Spain mafi girma a tarihi a fannin sabuntawa. Baya ga Iberdrola, kamfanoni kamar su Ormazabal ko Gamesa suma suna matsayin ma'auni.

Faransa ta gabatar da wani shiri na ninka ikon iska nan da shekarar 2023

Faransa ta gabatar da wani shiri wanda burinta shi ne sauƙaƙa dukkan hanyoyin gudanarwa tare da hanzarta ci gaban dukkan ayyukan makamashin iska don kara samar da makamashi mai tsafta daga wannan bangare ya ninka nan da shekarar 2023.

Gidan gona a cikin teku

Challengesalubalen Denmark

Shawarwarin Denmark shine cire kwal a cikin shekaru 8, ba tare da wata shakka ba babban buri yana gaba. Dogaro da Denmark ya kasance jagora a cikin ikon iska tsawon shekaru tun lokacin da ta saka hannun jari a cikin wannan fasahar tun daga 1970 tare da rikicin mai na duniya.

Manufofin Denmark sun wuce:

  • Kashi dari bisa dari na sabunta makamashi by 2050
  • 100 bisa dari na sabunta makamashi a cikin wutar lantarki da dumama ta 2035
  • Cikakken lokaci na kawar da kwal a 2030
  • Rage kashi 40 a cikin hayaki mai gurbata muhalli daga 1900 zuwa 2020
  • 50 bisa dari na wutar lantarki wadatar iska ta samarda ta 2020

Belgium

Finland na son hana kwal a nan gaba

Finlandia karatun hana, ta doka, gawayi don samar da wutar lantarki kafin 2030. Yayinda yake a cikin jihohi kamar Spain, ƙona kwal ya ƙaru da kashi 23% a shekarar da ta gabata, Finland tana son nemo wasu abubuwan madadin, suna tunanin makomar ƙasar.

Finland

A shekarar da ta gabata, gwamnatin Finland ta gabatar da sabon tsarin dabarun kasa game da bangaren makamashi wanda ya hango, a tsakanin sauran matakan, doka ta hana amfani da kwal don samar da wutar lantarki daga 2030.

Motocin lantarki na kasar Norway

A Norway, 25% na motocin da aka sayar na lantarki ne. Haka ne, kun karanta wannan daidai, 25%, 1 cikin 4, kasancewa kuma tabbatattun alamomi ne a cikin makamashin lantarki kuma suna da ikon wadatuwa da kansu kawai tare da makamashi mai sabuntawa. Misali da za a bi, duk da cewa babban mai samar da mai ne. Daidai akan wannan an kafa su don isa ga waɗannan adadi. Maimakon ƙona man don samar da wutar lantarki, sun sadaukar da kansu wajen fitarwa da amfani da kuɗin da aka samu don ƙera tsire-tsire masu amfani da lantarki.

Norway

 

 


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