'Sarshen Worldarshen Duniya yana cikin Svalbard

Cikin ciki na ƙarshen duniya

An fi sani da Endarshen Duniya Vault kuma bisa hukuma kira Svalbard Global Seed Chamber an ɓoye game da zurfin zurfin mita 120, wanda aka fi sani a saman dutse a cikin tsibirin Norwegian na Svalbard, a cikin Arctic.

Wannan ɗakin yana da sulke kuma an shirya shi don tsayayya da fashewar makaman nukiliya, fashewar dutse, girgizar ƙasa da sauran bala'o'i, na ɗabi'a da na mutane.

Me yasa za'a gina wannan Vault?

Endarshen Vaarshen Duniya An gina shi ne don adana samfuran 860.000 na nau'ikan iri sama da 4.000 daga ƙasashe 231.

Tare da niyyar cewa wata rana za a iya amfani da su yayin bala'in duniya.

An ƙirƙira shi a cikin 2.008 kuma a yau wannan babban bankin iri ya karɓi sabbin iri iri sama da 20.000 daga ƙasashe ɗari a duniya.

Participan takara na ƙarshe da ya shiga wannan harka (a matsayin ƙasar da ke ba da gudummawar iri) ita ce gwamnatin Japan, wanda ya ba da samfurin sha'ir.

Mai halarta saboda damuwa game da amincin amfanin gona na dogon lokaci abin da ya taso bayan girgizar kasa ta 2.011 da tsunami.

Halittarsa

Vault ko Chamber, shine Gwamnatin Norway ta ba da gudummawa tare da tallafin Global Crop Diversity Trust, wanda shine rukuni wanda yawancin ƙasashe da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu suka shiga ciki, gami da Gidauniyar Bill da Melinda Gates.

Abinda ake nufi da wannan shine yi aiki azaman kabad da sito ga dukkan 'yan adam a yayin da gonakin abinci da ake dasu a doron duniya suka lalace baki ɗaya ta hanyar bala'i, ko mutum ne ya haifar da su, kamar yaƙin nukiliya, ko kuma ya haifar da shi a zahiri, kamar girgizar ƙasa ko kuma "ɓarnatarwa". "Annobar noma.

Shigar sa, wanda aka kare shi ta hanyar kofofin hermetic da kuma masu gano motsi, ya kasu kashi uku ajiyar kaya, inda suna kiyaye tsaba a debe digiri 18 a cikin kwalaye na aluminum.

tsaba a cikin kwalaye na aluminum

Tare da wannan, suna iya tabbatar da matsayin kiyaye dukkan tsaba tsawon ƙarni, wanda zai kasance cikin sanyi koda kuwa akwai matsalar ƙarancin wuta.

Bayani

Kasancewar bankunan iri ba sabon abu bane, a zahiri, duk ƙasashen duniya suna da bankunan kansu.

Wurin da ake ajiye samfurin iri tare da tsammanin cewa, saboda wani abu ko wata, amfanin gona zai ɓace daga wasu wurare kuma dole ne a maye gurbinsa.

Ana haihuwar su ne kamar haka bankunan iri na gida, babban ma'auni ne na wadatar abinci.

Ta wannan hanyar, suna ba masana kimiyya da manoma a yankin nau'o'in iri na tsire-tsire, don haka, game da cututtuka ko matsaloli na waje, amfanin gona na gida ba ya ɓacewa.

Wani ma'anar shine don kiyaye nau'ikan halittu.

Svalbard, shine ainihin cibiyar tsarin banki iri na duniya, an tsara shi don tattarawa da adana ɗaruruwan dubban iri, don haka ya mamaye kusan dukkanin tsire-tsire waɗanda 'yan Adam suka taɓa yin su.

Kamar yadda aka ambata a sama, ofarshen Gidan Duniya ko theungiyar Tsaba ta Duniya don duk wannan, tana da tarin tarin albarkatu masu yawa a duniya.

Adana miliyoyin da miliyoyin iri na fiye da nau'ikan 860.000.

Babu shakka, ba ku shawara, a matsayin "ajiyar ajiya" wanda ke nufin kare ɗan adam daga yunwa sakamakon matsalolin canjin yanayi ko kuma masifu na ɗabi'a ko na ɗan adam.

bankunan iri iri

Budewa ta farko

Ee, farkon buɗewa kuma tabbas ba ƙarshe bane.

Thearshen Gidan Duniya ko "Jirgin Nuhu" na tsaba ya fara ganin hasken rana a 2015.

A waccan shekarar, duniya ta san da haka Jami'an bankin iri na ICARDA a Aleppo (ya koma Beirut sakamakon yakin) An nemi samfurin 116.000 daga Svalbard.

Babu wani iri da aka taɓa cirewa sai wannan shekarar. saboda yakin basasar Siriya, wanda ya haifar da irin wannan hargitsi har mutanen da ke "kare" ƙarshen Vaarshen Duniya suka tayar da faɗakarwa.

Brian Lainoff, kakakin Crop Trust (daya daga cikin amintattun kasashen duniya na Vault) ya ce:

"Za a iya bude rumbun ne kawai idan wata musifa ta faru, kamar ambaliyar ruwa ko fari, wanda ka iya yin barazana ga amfanin gona tare da bacewa."

"Ba mu san abin da zai faru ba, a kowane lokaci za su iya kai hari kan wuraren." Lainoff ya nuna game da Cibiyar Nazarin Noma ta Duniya a Yankunan Arid wanda ke Siriya, ɗayan bankunan iri 11 na duniya na Crop Trust.

Dalilin neman a cire irin shi ne cewa dole ne su maido da tarin da rikicin ya lalata (kashe a wancan lokacin mutane 250.000 tare da haifar da sama da miliyan 11 barin gidajensu).

bala'in da mutum ya yi a yakin Siriya

Rikice-rikice kamar a wancan lokacin a cikin rikicin Siriya daidai ne irin abubuwan da aka tsara wannan tsarin kiyayewa don tallafawa.

Kare halittu daban-daban na duniya shine ainihin dalilin Svalbard Vault Vault.

Samu motsin rai

Koyaya, ma'aikatan Svalbard masu alhakin Crop Trust suna da ra'ayin hakan Abin lura ne yadda abin takaici shine, ficewa ta farko daga wannan taskar shine sakamakon bala'in da mutum yayi. maimakon wani nau'in bala'in yanayi.

An yi sa'a, ICARDA zata dawo da ire-iren albarkatun gona da ta kiyaye, wanda hakan na iya zama muhimmiyar mahimmanci wajen taimaka wa duniya ta tsira da canjin yanayi wanda ke ƙara daidaita yanayin muhallin.

Kodayake a daya bangaren kuma abin takaici, abin takaici ne matuka cewa ICARDA ba za ta iya ci gaba da gudanar da ayyukanta a Aleppo ba (birni mafi girma a Siriya kuma ɗayan tsofaffin ƙauyuka a duniya) saboda yaƙin ya lalata ta.

Kula da tarihin noma gaba daya, waɗannan bankunan iri suna adana mafi ƙarancin darajar da ta ba mu damar rayuwa da ci gaba a matsayin mu na jinsi.

Siriya ita ce "farkon" alamun farko na noma a tarihin dan Adam, saboda haka yana da matukar wahala a ce yana can, wurin da za su samar da iri ga bankin yankinsu.

Endarshen Vaarshen Duniya ba shi da lafiya

Bayanin karshe da aka karɓa daga Svalbard shine Vault wahalar shigar ruwa saboda karuwar yanayin zafi, yin haɗari da dukiyar da ke cikin tsakanin shimfidar kankara.

Sakamakon canjin yanayi ya kawo ƙarshen Svalbard Vault.

Inara yawan zafin jiki ya haifar da yanayin ɓarkewar yanayi ya narke, wanda ke nufin cewa ƙasa da ke kewaye da ɗakin ta fara narkewa, kuma ruwa ya fara kutsawa cikin ramin shiga.

RFI Hege Aschim, kakakin Statsbygg, kamfanin da ke da alhakin ginin da ayyukan fasaha a Svalbard a cikin wata sanarwa ya ce:

«Ramin yana da tsayi sosai, kusan mita 100. A watan Oktoba 2017, mun sami yanayin zafi sosai da ruwan sama mai yawa a yankin Svalbard kuma mun sami wata ambaliyar ruwa "

"Daren ranar Asabar ne. Ruwa mai yawa ya kutsa ta ramin shiga, har zuwa mita 15 ko 20 a ciki kuma tunda akwai sanyi sosai a ciki, ruwan ya daskare. Dole ne in faɗi cewa tsaba da tsaran tsaran kansu ba sa cikin haɗari. Amma muna da tubalan kankara a ƙofar, kuma wannan a bayyane yake bai kamata ya faru ba.

Da yake ba za mu iya samun injina a ciki ba, muna fitar da su tare da taimakon jami'an kashe gobara da sauran ma'aikata. Ya kasance abin ban mamaki. "

Wadanda ke da alhakin Kungiyar Kula da Tsaba ta Duniya sun tabbatar da cewa kwayar (kusan 900.000) ba ta shafa ba, kodayake ya zama dole a dauki matakan magance matsalar.

Kamfanin Statsbygg ya cire kayan lantarki a ƙofar don rage hanyoyin zafi kuma ya gina ganuwar ruwa a cikin ramin da magudanan ruwa a cikin tsaunukan kewaye.

Ramin kankara a cikin Vault

Kakakin Statsbygg RFI Hege Aschim ya ruwaito:

“Za mu gyara ramin shiga da gina sabon bangare musamman. Yanzu an yi shi da kayan ƙarfe, don haka zai zama ingantaccen gini.

“Har ila yau, za mu taimaka ramin ta hanyar gyara kasar da ke kewaye da ita. Zamu canza kimanin fili mai fadin murabba'i 17.000 a kusa da ginin.

Zamu taimaka wa wannan ƙasar don daskarewa saboda bututun da ke sanyaya. Kuma a saman ramin, za mu sanya wani irin kafet wanda yake sanyaya. Duk wannan don taimakawa daddarewar dasama ya daidaita. "

Wadannan ayyukan an tsara su ne a bazarar wannan shekarar, jim kadan bayan cika shekaru goma da kirkirar Bankin iri na Duniya.

Hukumomin da ke da alhaki, gami da Gwamnatin (asar Norway, suna fatan cewa ajiyar ta Svalbard za ta dawwama har abada a wannan yankin, Arctic, daga cikin mafi tasirin dumamar yanayi.

Tunani na ƙarshe

An gina ofarshen Vaakin Duniya don tabbatar da kiyaye rayuwar ɗan adam a duniyar da suke kula da lalata ta hanyoyi da yawa.

Da alama ba a yarda da shi ba, amma abin bakin ciki ne cewa a wani bangare, muna haifar da gurɓata, muna kashe juna, muna lalata Mahalli kuma muna kai hari ga wasu halittu tare da ayyukanmu, kuma a ɗayan, muna tabbatar da tsira idan har aka samu matsala na masifu.


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