Erarfin sabuntawa yana da asusu na 17,3% na amfani da makamashi na ƙarshe

sabuntawa

Dangane da bayanai a ƙarshen 2016 daga Cibiyar Nazarin Tattalin Arziki (IEE), da Ƙarfafawa da karfin kara da cewa a 17,3% del babban amfani na ƙarshe na makamashi a cikin Spain.

Yarjejeniyoyin Paris kan abubuwan sabuntawa sun nuna cewa EU gaba dayanta dole ta kai kimanin kashi 2020% na gudummawa daga kafofin sabuntawa zuwa cikakken amfani da makamashi ƙarshe zuwa 20.

Bambanci tsakanin kasashe

A halin yanzu, Sweden ita ce jagora nesa ba kusa ba, inda ta kai kashi 53,8%. A nata bangaren, Finland ta kai 38,7% da Latvia 37,2%, yayin da Austria ta yi rajista 33,5% kuma ita ce kusa da burin ka zuwa 2020, kuma Denmark ta riga ta wuce ta, da kashi 32,2%.

Iska Sweden

Sauran ƙasashe kamar Latvia, Portugal da Croatia suna cikin matsayi a saman 28% kuma Lithuania da Romania suna kusa da 25%. Dangane da Slovenia ya kai 21,3% da Bulgaria 18,8%, yayin da Italiya ke rajista 17,4%. Game da Spain, ya ci gaba sama da ɗaya aya kuma ya wuce matsakaicin Unionungiyar Tarayyar Turai, ya kai 17,3% a ƙarshen 2016.

Kasashen da ke kasa da matsakaita

Abin baƙin cikin shine Faransa ta riga ta ƙasa da matsakaici tare da 16%, kamar yadda yake a Girka, Czech Republic da Jamus, tare da adadi kusan 15%. Atasashen da ke ƙasan EU sune Malta, Netherlands da Luxembourg, tare da tsakanin 6% da 5,4%, bi da bi.

Kuzari masu sabuntawa a cikin Spain da makomarta

Bayan 'yan munanan shekaru saboda dokokin yanke hukunci na Mashahurin Party, theungiyoyin masu zaman kansu sun sake yin fare akan sabbin abubuwan ci gaba. Sai kawai auctions da aka gudanar a shekarar 2016 da 2017 sun ba da damar sanya megawatts 8.700 na sabon wutar lantarki

haɓaka tare da sabuntawa

Wadannan sabbin kayan aikin zasu samu zuba jari na fiye da Yuro miliyan 8250, ban da samar da ayyuka 90.000 a lokacin shigarwar.

Koyaya, cigaban sabuntawa yana kasancewa sosai m a cikin yankuna daban-daban, kamar yadda aka tabbatar ta hanyar Nazarin Tasirin Tattalin Arziki na Makarantar Tattalin Arziki a Sifen wanda ofungiyar Kamfanonin Sabunta Sabunta makamashi (APPA) suka buga. Don haka, Castilla y León ke jagorantar sha'awar 'makamashi mai tsabta' tare da shigar megawatts 6.474, yawancin zuwa ta iska. Bayan su kuma akwai Andalusia, Castilla-La Mancha da Galicia. Akasin haka, Tsibirin Balearic, Cantabria da Madrid sune ƙasan wannan jerin.

CCAA

Alledarfin shigar da fasahar sabuntawa 2016 (MW)

Castile da Leon

6.474

Andalucía

5.635

Castilla-La Mancha

5.258

Galicia

3.957

Aragón

2.288

Catalonia

1.945

Al'umman yankin latin

1.666

Extremadura

1.471

Navarra

1.392

Murcia

764

asturias

662

Rioja

565

Queasar Basque

364

Canary Islands

323

Madrid

165

Cantabria

126

Baleares

113

Fuente: Ofungiyar Kamfanoni Sabunta makamashi

Nan gaba za mu ga labarai da yawa waɗanda za su sake tabbatar da fare don sabuntawar al'ummomin masu zaman kansu.

Communitiesungiyoyin masu zaman kansu

Aragón

Gwamnatin Aragon ta kiyasta saka jari a cikin Ayyukan iska 48, a jimlar 1.667,90 MW, kuma goma sha biyu photovoltaic hasken rana, wanda ke cikin ƙananan hukumomin Escatrón da Chiprana tare da ƙarfin 549,02 MWp.

Wannan tashin hankali ya fara kusan shekara guda da ta gabata lokacin da aka amince da sababbin sharuɗɗa don ba da wannan sanarwar ga saka hannun jari a cikin makamashi mai sabuntawa.

china sabunta makamashi

Castile da Leon

Wannan 'Yancin kai yana tallafawa ingantaccen makamashi tare da yuro miliyan miliyan. Kwamitin na da niyyar bayar da gudummawa ga sauyawa zuwa karamin arzikin carbon a dukkan bangarori masu amfani da zamantakewa, a cikin tsarin Dabara Amfani da makamashi 2016-2020, wanda ya kasance batun shigar da citizenan ƙasa cikin Buɗewar Gwamnati.

A cewar Gwamnatin Castilian-Leonese, mun gode waɗannan abubuwan ƙarfafawa na iya ba da kuɗin inganta abubuwan more rayuwa zafi da haske (idan har an tabbatar da ceton makamashi aƙalla 20%), kamar tsoma baki kan ɗaga-hawa ko masu hawa hawa, lokacin da raguwar amfani da makamashi aƙalla 30%.

Galicia

A cikin Galicia akwai tsarin ruwan sama mafi girma kuma, sabili da haka, makamashin hasken rana bashi da inganci sosai, ya gabatar da dabarun inganta makamashin biomass. Sakamakon daidaito shine Zuwa karshen shekarar 2017, za a tallafawa sanya matatun mai sama da dubu hudu a cikin gidaje.

Tare da layin kasafi na Yuro miliyan 3,3, Xunta de Galicia yana so ya inganta shigar da tukunyar jirgi don inganta samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa da rage hayaki mai gurbata muhalli a cikin fiye da gwamnatocin jama'a na 200, kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu da kamfanonin Galician.

Baleares

Tsibiran Balearic suna ƙara sha'awar makamashi mai sabuntawa. Babban Daraktan Makamashi da Canjin Yanayi yana aiwatar da sabbin ayyuka bakwai wuraren shakatawa na photovoltaicWannan yana nufin haɓaka 25% a cikin sabuntawar sabuntawar da aka girka yanzu a kan tsibirin. Waɗannan ƙananan ayyuka ne, waɗanda suka wuce 20 MW kawai.

ƙananan farashin saka hannun jari na hasken rana

Ana iya ganin cewa sabbin ayyukan ba sa wakiltar wani sabon adadi mai yawan gaske, babban daraktan Makamashi da Climate Camabio, Joan Groizard, ya yaba da gudummawar da suka bayar. Abin takaici, a halin yanzu a cikin Tsibirin Balearic akwai megawatt 79 kawai na sabunta makamashi da aka sanya.

Gonar iska ta Canary Islands

Canary Islands

Godiya ga Asusun Cigaban Canary Islands, FDCAN, fiye da Ayyuka 90 don inganta sarrafa makamashi wanda ƙananan hukumomi da jami'o'i da majalisun suka gabatar, za su sami tallafin Euro miliyan 228.

Gwamnatin tsibirin Canary ta ba da rahoton cewa waɗannan ayyukan nufin kara amfani da kuzarin sabuntawa, haɓaka ƙimar makamashi da haɓaka ci gaba mai motsi, don aiwatar da ƙirar makamashi mafi dacewa a cikin Tsibirin Canary.

Mista Fernando Clavijo, shugaban tsibirin Canary na yanzu, ya bayyana a cikin wata sanarwa cewa a wani yanki kamar tsibirin Canary Yana da mahimmanci don haɓaka ayyukan da ke ba da damar haɓaka ƙarfin makamashi da inganci, rage farashin da ci gaba a ci gaba da ingantaccen tsarin gogayya.

saka jari REE

Clavijo yayi la'akari da cewa tsibirin Canary yana da cikakkiyar yanayin yanayi, wanda ke ba da damar inganta ci gaban sabuntawa, ba wai kawai don matsawa zuwa canji a tsarin makamashi ba, har ma a matsayin wani aiki na fadada tattalin arzikin tsibirin, don haka kara GDP din su.

gonakin iska


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  1.   Francisco Ruben Torres m

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