Kuzari masu sabuntawa a Kudancin Amurka

saka jari a cikin makamashi mai sabuntawa A cikin 'yan shekarun nan a Latin Amurka da yawa sake fasalin makamashi don haifar da haɓakar haɓaka na sabuntawar makamashi.

Wanda aka fi amfana dashi shine hasken rana, wanda a halin yanzu ke sabunta fasaha mai rahusa kuma mai sauki a duniya.

Misali, a cikin Colombia makamashi na photovoltaic wani ɓangare ne na shirin da ake kira PaZa rafi, wanda ke kawo haske da bege ga yankunan da aka kwashe shekaru ana rikice-rikice da makamai da fataucin miyagun ƙwayoyi.

A gefe guda, kasashe kamar Chile cewa a shekarar 2012 kasar kawai tana da 5MW na hasken rana, a yau suna da sama da 362MW da 873 MW da ake ginawa.

low farashin makamashin hasken rana

Chile

A cikin ƙasashe daban-daban na Latin Amurka, Chile shine ke jagorantar haɗawar wannan nau'in makamashi. Rahotanni da yawa sun nuna cewa “tare da kasuwarta mai ƙarfi don manyan ayyuka, Chile ta jagoranci yankin a girke-girke na hoto a 2014, wanda ke wakiltar fiye da kashi uku cikin uku na duka daga Latin Amurka ". Ya kuma kara da cewa "kawai a cikin kwata na hudu na Chile an girka sau biyu na adadin shekara-shekara na Latin Amurka a 2013.

Mafi dacewa shine Chile fara a cikin 2013 tare da megawatts 11 kawai na shigar da hasken rana. Saurin da ƙasar ta ci gaba ya sanya ta a matsayin jagorar yankin, gaban Mexico da Brazil, dangane da ci gaba.

hasken rana

A zahiri, Chile ta saka hannun jari fiye da  7.000 miliyan daloli a cikin cigaban kuzarin sabuntawa a cikin shekaru bakwai da suka gabata, wanda ya haɗa da biomass, hydroelectric, wind.

Misalin wannan shine ayyukan samar da rana da iska sama da 80 da aka amince dasu a shekarun baya.

Eolico Park

Argentina

Ajantina ma Wannan ya kasance ba ruwanmu da nuna halin ko-in-kula ga sauyin da aka sake sabuntawa, ya fara fasa dusar kankara da inganta makamashin hasken rana. A Jujuy, alal misali, akwai garin makamashi mai amfani da hasken rana 100% wanda ya nuna canjin da ke faruwa a Ajantina. Kasar tana fatan samar da kashi 8% na matirinta na makamashi ta hanyar amfani da hanyoyin sabuntawa cikin shekaru biyu.

México

Mexico ta ƙaddamar da wannan shekarar kashi na ƙarshe na ɗayan manyan tsirrai masu amfani da hasken rana a Latin Amurka. An girka Aura Solar I a cikin Baja California Sur a cikin watanni bakwai kacal kuma daga watan Satumbar 2013 ya fara sauya hasken rana zuwa wani yanayi na musanya, wanda tuni ya isa wani yanki na ƙasar.

makamashin hasken rana da farashin haske

A wannan shekara, masana'antar za ta buɗe baki ɗayanta, ta samar da makamashi mai tsabta don ciyar da miliyoyin 'yan Mexico. Kayan aikinta suna zaune Hekta 100 na Filin Masana'antar La Paz. Gwamnatin Meziko ta ba da haske cewa shuka na Aura Solar da ke da sel 131.800 zai rage gurɓata da tan dubu 60 na CO2 a kowace shekara.

Peru

Hakanan kasashe kamar Peru suna inganta amfani da hasken rana. Kalubalen da bangaren ke fuskanta shi ne samar da makamashi ga mutanen kasar ta Peru miliyan biyu da dubu dari biyu a yankunan karkara ta hanyar fadada hanyoyin sadarwar da kuma hanyoyin da ba a saba da su ba kamar bangarorin hasken rana, wanda za a ba da kudi, girkewa, aiki da kuma kula da aikin har zuwa 2,2 na hasken rana .

Sauran ƙasashe

En Panama, Kamfanoni 31 sun shiga cikin kwangilar farko don siyan babban ƙarfin hasken rana a shekarar da ta gabata. Ana gabatar da aikin zuwa MW 66 MW tare da zuba jari na kusan dala miliyan 120

Guatemala Tana da ɗayan manyan tsire-tsire masu daukar hoto a cikin yankin tare da 5 MW na wuta kuma kusa da bangarorin hasken rana dubu 20. A wannan makon Eduardo Font, Babban Manajan masana'antar takarda na Painsa, ya ce sun shirya saka hannun jari na dala miliyan 12 a wata tashar samar da hasken rana mai karfin 8MW.

An bayar da bankin bunkasa na Jamus (KFW) El Salvador rancen dala miliyan 30 don lamuni ga kanana da matsakaitan kamfanoni na makamashi masu sabuntawa, galibi masu amfani da hasken rana. Gwamnatin El Salvador da kamfanonin samar da wutar lantarki guda uku sun sanya hannu kan kwangiloli hudu don samarwa da kuma samar da megawatt 94 na makamashin hasken rana kan kudin da ya kusa dala miliyan 250.

Honduras Ita ce ƙasa ta farko a cikin hasken rana a duk Amurka ta Tsakiya kuma ta uku a cikin haɓakar Latin Amurka. A cikin kankanen lokaci, ta kafa tsirrai masu amfani da hasken rana guda goma a Choluteca da sauran yankuna na kasar.

A shekarar 2013 China da Costa Rica sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyoyi na dala miliyan 30 don daukar nauyin kafa bangarori masu amfani da hasken rana dubu 50. Hakanan a farkon wannan shekarar Cibiyar wutar lantarki ta Costa Rican (ICE) ta ba da sanarwar ci gaban shirin matukin jirgi don amfani da makamashin hasken rana da ke da niyyar kai wa kwastomomi dubu 600. A cikin shekaru 7 da suka gabata, an BADA dala biliyan 1,700 a wasu ayyukan sabunta makamashi (hasken rana, iska, wutan lantarki, da sauransu).

Costa-rica-kawai-amfani-da-sabunta-makamashi-don-samar-da-lantarki


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