Matsalolin muhalli a Spain

matsalolin muhalli a Spain

Idan aka kwatanta da sauran ƙasashen Turai, Spain tana fuskantar yanayi mafi ƙazanta tare da ƙarancin ciyayi mara kyau, rashin daidaituwa da ruwan sama da yawa da ƙarancin wadatar ruwan saman. Wadannan yanayi na muhalli suna daɗaɗa su ta hanyar ayyukan ɗan adam, wanda ke ƙara tsananta yanayin da ya rigaya ya kasance. The matsalolin muhalli a Spain suna fama da sakamakon sauyin yanayi.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku menene halayen matsalolin muhalli a Spain da kuma yadda suke shafar sauyin yanayi.

Matsalolin muhalli a Spain

matsalolin muhalli a Spain sauyin yanayi

Gurɓatar iska

Gurbacewar iska babbar matsala ce a Spain. Kasar dai na fuskantar gurbacewar iska musamman a birane saboda wasu dalilai kamar ayyukan masana'antu, sufuri da samar da makamashi. Gurbacewa na iya haifar da mummunar illa ga lafiya ga mutane da namun daji. Don magance wannan matsala, gwamnatin Spain ta aiwatar da matakai da dama, ciki har da inganta amfani da sufurin jama'a da kuma karfafa amfani da wasu hanyoyin samar da makamashi. Duk da wannan ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarce, gurɓatacciyar iska ta kasance abin damuwa a Spain.

Ɗaya daga cikin misalan da aka fi sani da masana'antun da ke samar da makamashin zafi shine masana'antar wutar lantarki. Abin baƙin ciki shine, waɗannan tsire-tsire masu ƙarfi suna fitar da adadi mai yawa na iskar gas mai cutarwa kamar nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides da CO2. A cikin shekaru 16, daga 1990 zuwa 2006. CO2 hayaki ya karu da 50%, wanda ya kai adadin ton miliyan 433 a cikin shekara guda kacal., wanda ke wakiltar matsakaicin kusan tan 10 ga kowane mazaunin kowace shekara. Waɗannan iskar gas suna ba da gudummawa sosai ga yanayin ɗumamar yanayi da tasirin greenhouse.

Gurbatar ruwa

gurbacewar muhalli

A halin yanzu Spain tana fuskantar raguwar inganci da yawan albarkatun ruwanta. Rarraba albarkatun ruwa a cikin wannan al'umma ba shi da daidaito a cikin sararin samaniya da kuma samunsa na dan lokaci. Iyakar tafkunan Spain kusan 54.000 hm3 kuma Bukatun ruwa na shekara-shekara ya kasu kashi biyu tsakanin amfani da birane, masana'antu da noma, tare da ruwan karkashin kasa kuma ya zama albarkatu.

Duk da haka, wuce gona da iri na waɗannan magudanan ruwa na haifar da matsaloli masu ƙima, kamar raguwar kwararar ruwan saman da ke ciyar da koguna da kwararowar ruwa, da kuma karuwar matakan gishiri a yankunan bakin teku. Saboda wadannan damuwa. Akwai matsa lamba don rage yawan ruwa da kuma ƙara girman tafki.

Gurbacewar ruwa matsala ce da ke yaduwa sakamakon fitar da gurbatacciyar iska a cikin ruwa ta al'umma da masana'antu. Waɗannan gurɓatattun abubuwa, waɗanda suka haɗa da gurɓataccen aikin gona da masana'antu gami da ƙwayoyin cuta, suna iya yaduwa cikin sauri ta hanyar ruwa, suna haifar da babbar barazana ga muhallin teku. Yankin gabar teku ya fi fuskantar wannan matsala, wanda hakan ya sa ya zama wajibi a dauki matakan shawo kan matsalar gurbatar ruwa.

Matsalolin muhalli a Spain hade da ƙasa

hadarin hamada

A Spain an yi asarar ciyayi mai yawa, tare da matsalolin zaizayar ƙasa da kwararowar hamada. Abubuwa kamar saran gandun daji domin noma da kiwo, gina tituna da ababen more rayuwa, kiwo, saren katako da gobarar daji sun haifar da gagarumin asarar ciyayi a wata kasa ta Turai.

Hamada wani tsari ne a hankali wanda yanki ya zama kamar yanayin hamada. Wannan na iya faruwa ta dabi'a saboda rashin isasshen ruwan sama da fari ko kuma sakamakon ayyukan ɗan adam, gami da lalata murfin ciyayi. Bugu da ƙari, asarar murfin ciyayi yana sa yankin ya zama mafi haɗari ga abubuwan da ke haifar da zazzagewa kamar ruwa.

Yankunan Spain da ke wakiltar Muhimmin barazanar kwararowar hamada ita ce gabar tekun Bahar Rum, wani bangare na ciki da tsibirin Canary. Wadannan yankuna suna cikin hatsari saboda ayyuka daban-daban kamar noma mai yawa, gobarar daji, kona tarkace, sare bishiyoyi da watsi da ƙasa.

Rashin kulawa da sharar birane da masana'antu

Sharar gida da masana'antu babbar matsalar muhalli ce a Spain. Abubuwan da ake samu na ƙoƙarin ɗan adam da masana'antu suna samar da adadi mai yawa na sharar gida wanda ba a haɗa shi cikin yanayin yanayi ba ko kuma yana yin hakan a hankali fiye da yadda ake samarwa. Don haka, wajibi ne a sarrafa da kuma kawar da wannan sharar gida. Bisa kididdigar da aka yi, a cikin 2007, an samar da kusan tan miliyan 25 na sharar gida a Spain. Wannan adadin Zai yi daidai da kusan kilogiram 525 na sharar gida ga kowane mazaunin kowace shekara.

Za a iya rarraba sharar gida zuwa nau'i hudu: inert, kwayoyin halitta, mai guba da haɗari. Ana samar da kusan tan miliyan 1,8 na sharar gida a kowace shekara a Amurka. Hanyoyi daban-daban na sarrafa irin wannan sharar sun haɗa da ƙonawa, jiyya ta jiki ta amfani da sinadarai, da kuma ajiya ko sake amfani da su.

Hadarin da ke tattare da matsalolin muhalli a Spain

Matsalolin muhalli a Spain sun ƙunshi nau'ikan haɗari daban-daban na yanayi. Waɗannan hatsarori na iya kasancewa daga munanan yanayi kamar ambaliya da gobarar daji zuwa haɗarin ƙasa kamar girgizar ƙasa da zabtarewar ƙasa. Waɗannan ƙalubalen suna wakiltar babbar barazana ga aminci da jin daɗin jama'ar Spain daban-daban kuma suna da tasiri sosai ga muhalli da tattalin arzikin ƙasar. Duk da yunƙurin rage waɗannan haɗari ta hanyar ingantaccen tsari da dabarun gudanarwa, har yanzu akwai sauran aiki da yawa da za a yi don magance waɗannan matsalolin muhalli da tabbatar da amincin al'ummomin Spain.

Daya daga cikin matsalolin muhalli a Spain Su ne yiwuwar sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru na halitta. Wadannan hatsarori na iya zama da wahala a iya hasashensu, domin abubuwa ne da suka wuce sa hannun ɗan adam. Wasu misalan waɗannan haɗari sun haɗa da haɗarin ƙasa da yanayin yanayi.

Haɗarin yanayin ƙasa sun ƙunshi haɗari iri-iri, kamar girgizar ƙasa, ayyukan volcanic da ƙasa. Wannan al'ummar tana tsakanin farantin tectonic na Eurasian da Afirka, wanda ke kara yiwuwar afkuwar girgizar kasa, musamman a yankunan kudu da kudu maso gabas na yankin. Kodayake ayyukan volcanic ya fi mayar da hankali a cikin Tsibirin Canary, gabaɗayan matakin barazanar ba shi da mahimmanci. Wuraren da ke da ƙasa mai laushi sun fi sauƙi ga ƙasa.

Akwai haɗarin yanayi iri-iri waɗanda ke haifar da haɗari a yankuna daban-daban na tsibirin. A arewa da arewa maso yamma, wadannan hadurran sun hada da ƙanƙara, guguwar iska, raƙuman sanyi ko ruwan sama mai tsayi. A halin yanzu, a kudanci da gabas, hatsarori irin su zafi da sanyi sun fi yawa.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da matsalolin muhalli a Spain da yiwuwar haɗarin su.


Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1. Wanda ke da alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Manufar bayanan: Sarrafa SPAM, sarrafa sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.