Masu tara hasken rana

masu tara hasken rana

da masu tara hasken rana Masu tara zafin rana, wanda kuma aka sani da masu tara zafin rana, wani sashe ne na gina jiki na hasken rana. Mai tara hasken rana wani nau'i ne na hasken rana wanda ke da alhakin ɗaukar hasken rana da canza shi zuwa makamashin zafi. Don haka, irin wannan nau'in makamashin da ake iya sabuntawa ana kiransa makamashin thermal energy.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da masu tara hasken rana, halaye da amfani.

Menene masu tara hasken rana

masu tara hasken rana me ake yi

Manufar irin wannan nau'in panel na hasken rana shine don canza makamashi: hasken rana wanda tsarin hasken rana ya samu ya canza zuwa zafi. A wasu nau'ikan na'urori masu zafi na hasken rana, wannan zafi ana amfani da shi wajen samar da tururi da samun wutar lantarki, amma wannan ba aikin mai tara hasken rana ba ne. A gefe guda kuma, ɗakunan hoto na hoto suna da ikon samar da wutar lantarki kai tsaye a cikin nau'i na kai tsaye. Fanai na Photovoltaic wani abu ne da ba dole ba ne a cikin shigarwar hasken rana na photovoltaic.

Daga mahangar zahiri, masu tara hasken rana suna amfani da thermodynamics don canza makamashi. Sabanin haka, bangarorin photovoltaic ba sa amfani da ka'idodin thermodynamics don canza makamashin hasken rana, sai dai tsarin lantarki.

Nau'in masu tara hasken rana

fanko bututu

Akwai nau'ikan masu tara hasken rana da yawa. Mai tara hasken rana da aka yi amfani da shi zai dogara da manufarsa. Misali, idan muna son dumama wurin wanka zuwa zafin jiki na digiri 25-28 a cikin bazara, muna buƙatar mai tattara hasken rana mai sauƙi, saboda yanayin yanayi na iya isa ga wannan tsari na girma ko ma sama da haka cikin sauƙi. A gefe guda kuma, idan muna son dumama ruwan zuwa zafin jiki na 200ºC, za mu buƙaci mai tattara hasken rana don tattara hasken rana kuma mu canza shi zuwa wani ɗan ƙaramin ruwa.

A halin yanzu, a cikin kasuwar hasken rana, zamu iya bambanta nau'ikan masu tara hasken rana:

  • Masu tara hasken rana lebur ko lebur. Irin wannan nau'in hasken rana yana ɗaukar hasken rana wanda saman ke samu don dumama ruwan. Ana amfani da tasirin greenhouse sau da yawa don kama zafi.
  • Masu tara hasken rana don kama hasken rana. Irin wannan mai tarawa yana ɗaukar radiyon da aka karɓa akan wani babban fili kuma yana mai da hankali kan ƙaramin saman ta madubi.
  • Mai tara hasken rana tare da bututu. Wannan mai tara hasken rana ya ƙunshi saitin bututun silindi, waɗanda aka yi su da masu zaɓe, waɗanda ke cikin wurin zama mai nuni kuma kewaye da silinda na gilashin gaskiya.

A cikin aikace-aikacen hasken rana mai ƙarancin zafin jiki, galibi ana amfani da masu tattara hasken rana. Lokacin da yawan zafin jiki na ruwan aiki ya kasa 80ºC, ana la'akari da cewa ana aiwatar da aikace-aikacen makamashin hasken rana a ƙananan yanayin zafi, kamar dumama wurin wanka, samar da ruwan zafi na gida har ma da dumama. Ana iya amfani da waɗannan faranti ba tare da ko ba tare da murfin gilashi ba, dangane da aikace-aikacen.

Abubuwan da ake amfani da su na masu tara hasken rana

thermal masu tarawa

Daidaitaccen mai tara hasken rana ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu zuwa:

  • Sama: Murfin mai tara hasken rana a bayyane yake, yana iya yiwuwa ko a'a. Yawancin lokaci ana yin shi da gilashi, kodayake filastik kuma ana amfani da shi saboda yana da arha da sauƙin sarrafawa, amma dole ne ya zama filastik na musamman. Ayyukansa shine rage asara saboda convection da radiation, don haka dole ne ya sami mafi girman yiwuwar watsa hasken rana. Kasancewar murfin yana inganta aikin thermodynamic na hasken rana.
  • tashar jirgin sama: sarari ne (rabo ko wofi) wanda ke raba rufin da allon sha. Za a yi la'akari da shi lokacin ƙididdige kauri don daidaita asarar da convection ke haifar da kuma yawan zafin jiki wanda zai iya faruwa idan ya kasance kunkuntar.
  • Farantin karfe: Plate absorbent wani sinadari ne da ke shakar makamashin hasken rana kuma yana watsa shi zuwa ruwan da ke yawo ta cikin bututun. Babban halayen hukumar shine cewa dole ne ya sami babban sha na makamashin rana da ƙarancin zafi. Tunda kayan yau da kullun ba su cika wannan buƙatu ba, ana amfani da kayan haɗin gwiwa don samun mafi kyawun ƙimar sha / fitarwa.
  • Bututu ko bututu: Bututun suna hulɗa da faranti na sha (wani lokaci ana walda) don musanya makamashi zuwa matsakaicin. A cikin yanayin bututu, ruwa zai yi zafi kuma ya shiga cikin tanki mai tarawa.
  • Layer Layer: Manufar Layer Layer shine don rufe tsarin don kaucewa da rage asara. Saboda rufin shine mafi kyau, dole ne kayan aikin ya kasance yana da ƙananan ƙarancin zafin jiki don rage canjin yanayin zafi zuwa waje.
  • Mai tarawa: Accumulator wani abu ne na zaɓi, wani lokacin yana zama wani muhimmin ɓangare na sashin hasken rana, a cikin waɗannan lokuta yawanci yana kasancewa a sama kai tsaye ko a cikin filin gani nan da nan. A yawancin lokuta, baturi ba ya cikin ɓangaren hasken rana, amma na tsarin zafi.

Yana amfani

Ana amfani da masu tara hasken rana musamman don samar da ruwan zafi na cikin gida da dumama ko samar da wutar lantarki.

Don ruwan zafi na cikin gida da masu tara dumama, tankin ruwa yana adana ruwan cikin gida a cikin hulɗa da ruwa ta cikin nada. Nada yana ba ruwan damar canja wurin makamashin zafi da aka adana zuwa ruwa ba tare da gurɓata ruwan ba. Ana iya amfani da wannan ruwan azaman ruwan zafi na cikin gida (haɗin kai 80%), kuma ana iya amfani dashi don ƙara dumama ƙasa na ɗakin (haɗin 10%). Thermal solar panels iya samar da babban adadin ruwan zafi, Amma saboda rashin kwanciyar hankali na hasken rana, ba za su iya maye gurbin gaba ɗaya hanyoyin dumama da aka saba ba.

Masu tara hasken rana da ake amfani da su wajen samar da wutar lantarki suna buƙatar dumama na'urar musayar zafi ta tafasa. Da zarar ruwan ya cika canjin yanayin thermodynamic kuma ya shiga lokacin gas, ana aika shi zuwa injin injin thermoelectric., wanda ke canza motsin tururin ruwa zuwa wutar lantarki. Irin wannan tsarin ana kiransa thermodynamics na hasken rana kuma yana buƙatar sarari mai yawa don shigar da hasken rana da kuma ci gaba da rana. An shigar da misalan waɗannan tsire-tsire a cikin hamada.

Lokacin da aka ayyana da shigar da na'urori masu zafi na hasken rana, dole ne a la'akari da cewa dole ne a rarraba masu tattara hasken rana a rukuni. Waɗannan ƙungiyoyin masu tara hasken rana A koyaushe su kasance da raka'a iri ɗaya kuma a rarraba su daidai gwargwadon iko. Akwai zaɓuɓɓuka na asali guda biyu ko nau'ikan zuwa rukuni biyu ko fiye masu tarawa: jeri ko a layi daya. Bugu da kari, ana iya daidaita wurin da ake tara ruwa ta hanyar hada rukunoni guda biyu, wato abin da muke kira grouped ko hybrid circuits.

Ina fatan da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da masu tara hasken rana da halayensu.


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