Manyan gonakin iska a duniya

Gidan gona a cikin tekuWindungiyoyin iska sune rukuni na iska mai amfani da iska canza makamashin iska zuwa makamashin lantarkiSuna iya zama na ƙasa ko na ruwa.

8 daga cikin manyan gonakin iska guda 10 a duniya suna cikin Amurka, daga ciki biyar suna Texas. Hakanan, tsakanin a cikin TOP 10 akwai iska guda ɗaya tak a cikin teku, kasancewar sauran duk duniya ne. Za mu rarraba su gwargwadon ƙarfin shigar su:


1. Alta Wind Energy Center:

El Alta Wind Energy Center (AWEC, Alta Wind Energy Center) wanda ke Tehachapi, a cikin California, Amurka, yanzu haka gonar iska mafi girma a duniya, tare da ƙarfin aiki na 1.020 MW. Masana'antar Terra-Gen Power injiniyoyi ne ke sarrafa gonar iska a cikin teku, wadanda a yanzu haka suka tsunduma cikin wani sabon fadada don kara karfin gonar iska zuwa 1.550 MW.

injin turbin

2. Makiyayan Flat Windm Farm:

Tana kusa da Arlington, a gabashin Oregon, a cikin Amurka, ita ce ta biyu mafi girma a gonar iska a duniya tare da ƙarfin shigar da 845 MW.

Wanda injiniyoyin Caithness Energy suka haɓaka, kayan aikin sun rufe sama da kilomita 77 tsakanin Gilliam da Morrow gundumomi. Aikin, wanda injiniyoyin Caithness Energy a cikin yanki sama da 77 km² tsakanin kananan hukumomin Gilliam da Morrow, an fara ginin a shekara ta 2009 kan kimanin dala biliyan 2000.

Wurin shakatawa ya kunshi turbines 338 GE2.5XL, kowannensu yana da ƙarfin suna 2,5 MW.
iska

3. Roscoe Iskar Goma:

El Gidan Ruwa na Roscoe yana kusa da Abilene a Texas, Amurka, a halin yanzu shine na uku mafi girma a gonar iska a duniya tare da damar da aka girka 781,5 MW, waɗanda injiniyoyi suka haɓaka a E.ON Climate & Renewables (EC&R). An aiwatar da aikinta a matakai huɗu tsakanin 2007 da 2009, wanda ya mamaye yanki na kilomita 400² na ƙasar noma.

Musamman, kashi na farko ya hada da gina injin din Mitsubishi 209 na 1 MW, a kashi na biyu kuma an girke turbin 55 na Siemens na 2,3 MW, yayin da aka hada na uku da na hudu 166 GE na 1,5 MW da 197 na Mitsubishi na MW 1. bi da bi. Duka, 627 aka raba injinan yin iska a nesa na mita 274, wanda ya fara aiki tare gaba daya tun daga watan Oktobar 2009.

4. Cibiyar Wuta Mai Hawan Doki:

Wannan wurin shakatawar yana tsakanin Taylor da Nolan County a Texas, Amurka, a halin yanzu shine na huɗu mafi girma a gonar iska a duniya tare da ƙarfin shigar 735,5 MW.

An gina wuraren ne a matakai hudu a tsakanin shekarun 2005 da 2006, tare da injiniyoyin Blattner Energy da ke da alhakin aikin injiniya, saye da gini (EPC) don aikin. Musamman a farkon matakai uku na aikin An saka injinan iska 142 na 1,5 MW daga GE, injinan iska guda 130 na 2,3 MW daga Siemens da kuma iska masu karfin iska 149 na 1,5 MW daga GE bi da bi.

Iska Google

5. Capricorn Ridge Iskar Goma:

Tana tsakanin tsakanin kananan hukumomin Sterling da Coke a Texas, Amurka, a halin yanzu ita ce ta biyar mafi girman gonakin iska a duniya tare da damar da aka girka 662,5 MW, wanda injiniyoyin NextEra Energy Resources ke sarrafawa. An haɓaka gininsa a matakai biyu, na farko an kammala shi a 2007 kuma na biyu a cikin 2008.

Filin iska yana da injinan iska 342 GE 1,5 MW da 65 Siemens 2,3 MW masu amfani da iska, masu auna sama da mita 79 daga kasa. A sakamakon haka, gonar iska na iya biyan bukatun lantarki na fiye da gidaje 220.000.

6. London Array Offshore Iska Farm:

London Array, mafi girman filin shakatawa a duniya tare da ƙarfin shigar 630 MW, yana matsayi na shida mafi girma a duniya a duniya. Bunƙasa injiniyoyi a Dong Energy, E.ON da Masdar, cibiyoyinta suna gefen ƙofar Thames fiye da kilomita 20 daga yankunan Kent da Essex.

Duk da kasancewa mafi girman filin shakatawa a duniya, masu tallata shi suna shirin ƙara ƙarfin ta har zuwa 870 MW a kashi na biyu har sai an yarda.

7. Fantanele-Cogealac Gurasar Iska:

El Fantanele-Cogealac Gurasar Iska wanda yake a cikin lardin Dobruja a Romania, shine na bakwai mafi girman iska a duniya tare da damar shigarwa 600 MW. Aikin, wanda injiniyoyin rukunin CEZ suka haɓaka, yana da faɗin kadada 1.092 a cikin ƙasar buɗewa mai nisan kilomita 17 yamma da gabar Bahar Maliya.

An kafa injin turbin farko na gonar iska a watan Yunin 2010, yana yin haɗi zuwa grid na injin turbin na ƙarshe a watan Nuwamba 2012, tun daga wannan babbar gonar iska ta cikin teku a Turai. Cibiyoyin sun kunshi injinan iska masu karfin 240 GE 2.5 XL tare da matsakaita na rotor mai tsawon mita 99 da kuma damar mutum mara karfi na 2,5 MW, wanda duka suna wakiltar kusan kashi daya cikin goma na yawan samar da makamashi a Romania.

Girkawar injin nika

8. Fowler Ridge Iskar Goma:

Ana zaune a Benton County a Indiana, Amurka, it is na takwas mafi girma a gonar iska a duniya. Aikin, wanda injiniyoyi daga BP Alternative Energy Arewacin Amurka da Dominion Resources suka haɓaka, an gudanar da shi ne a matakai biyu, yana ba da damar shigar da duka ƙarfin 599,8 MW.

Gina gonar iska, mai yanki sama da hekta dubu 20.000, ya faro ne a shekarar 2008, a karshe ya fara aiki a shekarar 2010. Kayayyakin sun hada da 182 Vestas V82-1.65MW masu amfani da iska, 40 Clipper C-96 masu karfin iska. na injinan iska masu karfin MW 2,5 da 133 GE 1,5 MW. Tare, gidan iska na iya biyan bukatun wutar lantarki sama da gidaje 200.000.

  injin turbin

9. Sweetwater iska Farm:

El Park mai dadi, wanda yake a Nolan County, Texas, Amurka, a halin yanzu shine na tara mafi girma a gonar iska a duniya tare da ƙarfin shigar dashi 585,3 MW, wanda Duke Energy da Injiniyoyin Injiniyan Injiniya suka haɓaka tare.

An gina shi a matakai biyar. Na farkon waɗannan sun fara ayyukan kasuwanci a cikin 2003, yayin da sauran kaso huɗu suka fara aiki a 2007. Cibiyoyin sun ƙunshi a jimlar turbin guda 392, wadanda suka hada da injinan iska 25 GE 1,5 MW, 151 GE SLE 1,5 MW masu amfani da iska, 135 Mitsubishi 1.000A 1 MW masu karfin iska da 81 Siemens 2,3 MW masu amfani da iska.

iska

10. Buffalo Gap Iska Farm:

Tana da nisan kilomita 30 kudu maso yamma na Abilene a Texas, Amurka, a halin yanzu ita ce Gonar iska ta XNUMX mafi girma a duniya tare da damar shigar da 523,3 MW, mallakar kamfanin AES Wind Generation company. An gudanar da aikin a cikin matakai uku, na farko an kammala shi a cikin 2006 kuma na ƙarshe a cikin 2007 da 2008.

Kashi na farko na gonar iska ya girka 67 Vestas V-80 1,8 MW na’urar samar da iska, yayin da matakai masu zuwa suka haɗa 155 GE 1,5 MW masu amfani da iska da 74 Siemens 2,3 MW masu amfani da iska, don haka suna da jimillar iska 296.

 

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