Photovoltaic makamashi mai amfani da hasken rana, jagora tsakanin abubuwan sabuntawa

A cewar Shugaba na Hukumar Kula da Makamashi ta Duniya (IEA), Fatih Birol: Hasken rana ya kasance karo na farko tushen sabon makamashi da ya girma sauri a cikin 2016. Hukumar ta bayyana bayanan a matsayin "labarai masu kyau".

A yayin gabatar da rahotonku na shekara-shekara Sabuntawa 2017, Birol ya nuna cewa “bayan kimanta dukkan nau’ikan mai - mai, gas, gawayi, abubuwan sabuntawa - da kuma tasirinsu a kasuwannin makamashi, wanda ya mayar da hankali kan abubuwan sabuntawa ya nuna labarai mai kyau ga masana'antar".

Hasken rana

Nazarin na 2016 ya nuna cewa sabon ƙarfin PV (photovoltaic) mai ƙarfi ya karu da kashi 50% kuma China ce ƙasar da kusan rabin ƙarfin aikinta yake. fadada duniya. Manajan ya ce: "Bayan labarin nasarar da aka samu na sabunta abubuwa, mun sami manyan direbobi biyu: karfi da goyon baya ga manufofin gwamnati da ci gaban fasaha."

california yana samar da makamashin hasken rana da yawa

A lokacin da yake bayyana muhimman abubuwan da ke cikin rubutun, Birol ya jaddada saurin abin da karfin hasken rana na PV ya bunkasa a shekarar da ta gabata, wanda a karon farko ya zarce ci gaban sauran hanyoyin samar da makamashi.

A cewar rahoton, abubuwan sabuntawa sun kai kusan kashi biyu bisa uku na sabbin karfin makamashi a duniya a bara, da kusan gigawatts 165, kuma za su ci gaba da yin tasiri sosai tsawon shekaru masu zuwa. Rubutun yayi tsammanin karuwar ƙarfin wutar lantarki na 2022% kafin 43.

A zahiri, makamashin hasken rana, wanda ya zama mai arha a cikin shekarar da ta gabata fiye da 75%, ya riga ya zama mai rahusa fiye da kowane nau'in makamashi da ake samarwa tare da gawayi, mai ko gas.

Wannan duk yana da kyau, amma bai isa ba. Idan makamashin hasken rana yana son zama dan wasa a duniya, yakamata ya zama yafi riba fiye da sauran hanyoyin samun gajeren lokaci: A halin yanzu ya riga ya zama, ƙari, a cikin sama da ƙasashe 50, makamashin hasken rana shine makamashi mafi arha duka.

Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park

Yaƙin makamashi yana da shekaru 20 a gaba

Kodayake muna yawan kallon farashin samarwa a kowace kilowatt hour, wannan ba shine mafi kyawun farashin tallafi ba na kuzari masu sabuntawa. Aƙalla, a cikin yanayi kamar na yanzu wanda abubuwan sabuntawa ba su da tallafi don biyan kuɗin saka hannun jari.

Tsarin makamashi tare da manyan sifofi a cikin saka hannun jari ana yin su ne tare da shekaru da yawa na jira, ko da shekarun da suka gabata. Wannan yana daga cikin dalilan da suka sa tallafi na sabuntawa yana da jinkiri: da zarar an gina tashar nukiliya, gas, gawayi (ko wani iri), ba zai yiwu a rufe ta ba har zuwa karshen rayuwarta mai amfani. Idan ya kasance, bisa al'ada ba za a dawo da jarin ba, wanda ba zai faru ba saboda manyan lobbies dake can.

A wasu kalmomin, idan muna so muyi nazarin dalla-dalla yadda hada-hadar kasuwar makamashi zata kasance, dole ne mu kalli kudin da ake kashewa wajen fara kowane makamashi daga karce. Amfanin gajere da gajere na tsire-tsire masu mahimmanci shine mabuɗin a cikin shawarar karshe ta 'yan kasuwa da' yan siyasa; Ko kuma, a wasu kalmomin, makamashi mai arha don samarwa kuma yana buƙatar saka hannun jari na farko mai girma ba zai taɓa karɓuwa ba.

Lararfin hasken rana na iya gasa da kowa

Dangane da rahotanni da yawa daga sama da jiki guda, kan masana'antar makamashi: «Solararfin hasken rana da ba a yi amfani da shi ba ya fara fitar da kwal da iskar gas daga kasuwa Bugu da kari, sabbin ayyukan hasken rana a kasuwanni masu tasowa suna cin kasa da iska.

Kasar Portugal zata samarda makamashi na tsawan kwanaki hudu

Kuma, hakika, a cikin kusan ƙasashe sittin masu tasowa matsakaicin farashin shigarwar rana ya buƙaci samar da kowace megawatt tuni ya ragu zuwa $ 1.650.000, a ƙasa da 1.660.000 wannan farashin iska.

Kamar yadda zamu iya gani a jadawalin da ya gabata, juyin halitta ya bayyana karara. Wannan yana nufin cewa ƙasashe masu tasowa, waɗanda gabaɗaya sune waɗanda ke da haɓaka mafi girma a cikin hayaƙin CO2.

Spain ba ta rage hayakin CO2

Sun sami hanyar zuwa samar da wutar lantarki a farashi mai tsada kuma ta hanyar sabuntawa kwata-kwata.

Panelsungiyoyin hasken rana waɗanda ke aiki tare da ƙananan insolation

LPP abu don hasken rana

Hasken rana yana da babban matsala koyaushe: adadin hasken rana da yanayin yanayi. A ranakun da iska mai yawa, gajimare, ruwan sama ko damuna, adadin hasken rana da ya afkawa bangarorin hasken rana bai kai ba. Sabili da haka, yawan kuzarin da hasken rana zai iya samarwa yana da ƙasa sosai. Wannan yana haifar da rashin kwanciyar hankali a cikin wutar lantarki.

Makasudin shine don samun damar haɓaka aiki cikin juyawar hasken kai tsaye har sai kun sake ganin ƙarin hasken rana kuma samar da isasshen ƙarfi, kodayake yanayin yanayi sanya haske ƙarami.

Sabon abu wanda yake jan hasken rana da yawa

Abubuwan da zasu iya ɗaukar hasken rana mai yawa shine harshen wuta LPP (don karancin sunansa a turanci "mai dadewa mai suna phosphorus") kuma zai iya adana makamashin hasken rana da rana yadda za'a tara shi da daddare.

Lightarfin da yake bayyane kawai za'a iya sha da jujjuyawar shi zuwa wutar lantarki, amma LPP Zai iya adana makamashin hasken rana daga hasken da ba a saka shi kuma kusa da hasken infrared. Wato, kayan da zasu iya daukar haske a cikin faffadan yanayi kamar infrared.

Mun tuna cewa iyakar da kewayen bakan lantarki da mutane zasu iya gani shine yankin da ake gani. Koyaya, akwai nau'ikan radiation iri-iri na tsayin igiyar ruwa daban-daban da kuma ƙarfi kamar haskoki na infrared rays.

Godiya ga waɗannan bangarorin, ana iya adana kuzari mai yawa ba kawai daga hasken rana kai tsaye ba, amma sauran yankuna na wutan lantarki suma za'a iya canza su zuwa makamashin lantarki.

 

 


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