Mafi girma kuma mafi ban mamaki gonakin iska a duniya

mafi girma iska gonakin a duniya

Gidan gonar iska shine babban shigarwa wanda ke da alhakin canza makamashin iska zuwa makamashin lantarki. Ƙarfin iska yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi mahimmanci a duniya kuma yana ƙara yaduwa. Akwai manyan gonakin iska da aka bazu a duk faɗin duniya. Mu mayar da hankali kan menene mafi girma iska gonakin a duniya.

A cikin wannan labarin za ku iya samun halaye da mahimmancin mafi girma na iska a duniya.

Mafi girman gonakin iska a duniya

iska

Gansu Wind Complex, China

Yana da jimillar ƙarfin 7.965 MW. Da yake a yankin hamada mai iska na arewa maso yammacin kasar Sin, gonar iskar Gansu wani yunƙuri ne na makamashin iska wanda ya ƙunshi gonakin iskar 100 daban-daban. Ana sa ran kammala aikin a karshen shekarar 2020, tare da kaddamar da dukkan na'urorin sarrafa iska. Da zarar an gama, Za ta zarce duk wasu tashoshin samar da wutar lantarki a duniya kuma za ta samar da makamashi mai karfin megawatts 20.000.

A cikin 2009, kashi na farko na aikin ya fara, wanda Ya samar da megawatts 3.800 kuma ya hada da kaddamar da wuraren shakatawa 18 wanda ya samar da megawatt 200 kowanne. da kuma wuraren shakatawa guda biyu da suka samar da megawatt 100 kowanne. Ya zuwa yau, adadin megawatts 7.965 na aiki, wanda aka samar da GWh 90.000 da shi. A cikin shekaru biyar masu zuwa, kuma har sai an kammala aikin, tare da shirin kashe kudi Yuro biliyan 17.000, da kuma na’urorin injina guda 2.700, za su kai ga megawatt 20.000 da aka tsara, kusan daidai da adadin makamashin iskar da aka girka a Spain. da kuma ninka abin da aka tura a Latin Amurka.

Cibiyar Makamashi ta Alta Wind, California (Amurka)

mafi girma na iska a duniya

Mojave Wind Farm yana cikin Tehachapi, California, musamman a gundumar Kern a Amurka. Ƙarfin aikinsa ya kai megawatt 1.547 mai ban sha'awa. Oak Creek Energy Systems ne ya kafa gonar iskar dake bakin teku, wanda Terra-Gen ya yi kwangila. Duk da haka, a yau, injiniyoyin wutar lantarki na Terra-Gen ne ke da alhakin kula da tashar iska. Wutar lantarki da aka samar a wurin an yi niyya ne kawai don Kudancin California Edison kuma ana isar da shi ƙarƙashin yarjejeniyar siyan wutar lantarki na shekaru 25.

A shekarar 2011, an kammala rukunin farko na AWEC guda biyar, sai kuma karin raka'a biyu a shekara mai zuwa. Nau'in farko ya ƙunshi turbines 100 GE SLE 1,5 MW, yayin da raka'a shida na gaba an sanye su da injin injin Vestas V90-3,0 MW. Daga 2013, An aiwatar da ƙarin raka'a huɗu a jere a cikin AWEC. Raka'a ta takwas da ta tara an haɗa su da injinan iska na Vestas, yayin da na'urorin biyu na ƙarshe aka sanya su da injina na GE 1,7 MW da GE 2,85 MW daga General Electric. Gabaɗaya, raka'a 11 na tashar iska za su sami injin turbines 586 idan aka haɗa su.

Muppandal Wind Farm, Tamil Nadu, Indiya

Da yake a yankin kudu maso kudu na Indiya, a gundumar Kanyakumari ta Tamil Nadu, birni ne mafi ƙasƙanci na Muppandal. Birnin yana cikin wani yanki mai tsaunuka, yana fuskantar guguwar iska daga Tekun Larabawa ta hanyar tsaunuka.

Birnin da ke cikin matsanancin talauci, ya samu ci gaba sosai bayan gina tashar iska ta Muppandal. Wannan tashar iska ta samar da wutar lantarki ga mazauna garin da kuma kasuwancin garin da kewaye. An zabi birnin a matsayin misali na shirin samar da makamashi mai tsafta na dala biliyan 2.000 na Indiya, wanda ke ba da kwarin gwiwar haraji ga kamfanonin kasashen waje don kafa wuraren sarrafa iska. Filin iska na Muppandal Tana da wutar lantarki mai karfin MW 1.500 kuma ana sa ran za ta samar da kusan MWh 26.200 na wutar lantarki a shekarar 2020.

Dalilin da ya sa Muppandal ke da kyakkyawan matsayi na gonakin iska shine wurin da yake da shi, wanda ke ba da damar fuskantar iskar damina a cikin takamaiman yanayi. An gano ƙarin wurare a ciki da wajen Muppandal don kafa injinan iskar iska, kuma an kiyasta ƙarfin ƙarfin iskar da za a iya samar da wutar lantarki a kusan MW 1.500, wakiltar kusan kashi 20% na jimlar ƙarfin Indiya.

Jaisalmer Wind Farm, Rajasthan, Indiya

ikon iska

Ana zaune a gundumar Jaisalmer na Rajasthan, Ita ce ta biyu mafi girma mafi girma da ke aiki a gonar iska a kan teku a Indiya kuma tana da ƙarfin shigar da ƙarfin 1.064 MW. Suzlon Energy, mai haɓakawa bayan aikin, ya fara haɓakawa a cikin watan Agusta 2001 kuma ya ƙunshi nau'ikan fayil ɗin iskar Suzlon, daga mafi ƙarancin 350 kW samfurin zuwa S9X, tare da 2,1 MW a matsayin misali. Wannan gonar iskar ita ce ta hudu mafi girma a aikin iskar da ke kan teku a duniya.

A ranar 1 ga Afrilu, 2021, an kammala shigarwa, tare da jimlar shigar da wutar lantarki na MW 1.064. A wancan lokacin, ita ce tashar iska mafi girma a Indiya. Koyaya, taken babbar tashar iska ta Indiya a halin yanzu tana cikin wurin shakatawa na Muppandal.

Shepherd Wind Farm, Oregon (Amurka)

Ana zaune a Arlington, gabashin Oregon, gonar Shepherd Flat Wind Farm ita ce gonar iska ta biyar mafi girma a duniya kuma tana da karfin 845 MW. Injiniyoyin makamashi na Caithness sun haɓaka aikin akan filaye fiye da 77 km², wanda ya mamaye yankunan Gilliam da Morrow. An fara aikin ne a shekarar 2009, inda aka kiyasta kudin da ya kai dala biliyan biyu. A cikin Oktoba 2, Ma'aikatar Makamashi ta Amurka ya bayar da garantin lamuni na dala biliyan 1.300, mafi girman kuɗaɗen da aka taɓa samu don gina tashar iska.

Tun daga watan Satumbar 2012, tashar iska ta fara aiki. Turbines 338 GE2.5XL kowannensu yana da karfin 2,5MW kuma ana ba da ƙarfin ƙarfin haɗin gwiwar su zuwa Kudancin California Edison don rarrabawa. A taƙaice, makamashin da aka sabunta ta hanyar iska Ya isa ya biya bukatun lantarki fiye da gidaje 235.000.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da mafi girman gonakin iska a duniya da halayensu.


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