Kasashen da a halin yanzu ke samar da iska mafi karfi

Mashinan iska don samar da wutar iska

La makamashin iska na daga cikin tushen tushen sauyi a yanzu zuwa wasu sararin samaniya waɗanda ba su da alaƙa da amfani da makamashin mai. Dole ne kawai ku sani cewa aƙalla ƙasashe 84 a duniya suna amfani da makamashin iska don samar da wutar lantarki.

Kamar shekara guda da ta gabata karfin iska wuce 369,553 gW kuma yawan samar da makamashi yana bunkasa cikin sauri don zama kashi 4 cikin dari na yawan wutar lantarki da ake amfani da ita a duniya. Kuma idan 17 gW da aka girka a shekarar 2014 ya riga ya zama nasara, a farkon rabin shekarar 2015 sun kai 21,7 gW, wanda ya kawo mu ga karfin duniya na 392 gW, tare da kimanin 428 gW a ƙarshen wannan shekarar. 2015.

Capacityarfin duniya ya haɓaka a farkon watannin 2015 da kashi 5,8 bayan mun samu kashi 5,3% a 2015 da kuma 4,9% a 2013 a cikin wannan lokacin. Idan muka yi la’akari da cewa a shekarar 2014 yawan karuwar shekara ya kai kashi 16,5 don haka a tsakiyar shekarar 2015 za a samu kashi 16,8, za mu iya sanin shekara mai girma muna manne a cikin 2015.

Wannan karuwar amfani da wutar iska ya dace akasari ga fa'idodin tattalin arziki Daga wannan tushe, karuwar gasa, rashin tabbas a wadatar mai da iskar gas a duniya da matsin lamba don matsawa zuwa fasahohi masu tsabta da ci gaba akan lokaci.

Babban masu kera makamashin iska

Mashinan iska a China

Masana’antar iska ita ce yanzu ke kula da masana'antun masana'antu masu kyau babban iko, hadin gwiwar makamashi ga kungiyoyin kare muhalli. Sananne ne cewa don samun nasara mafi girman wannan nau'in samar da makamashi har ma da nau'ikan da yawa zasu buƙaci.

A ƙarshen Yuni 2015, ƙasar tare da Mafi girman ƙarfin ƙarfin iska shine China a matsayi na farko, sai Amurka a matsayi na biyu sai kuma Jamus a matsayi na uku.

China tana da gW 124 a wannan shekara kuma ya karu da 10 gW tun daga 2014 kuma a cikin 44 gW tun daga 2013. Ci gaban da ke ci gaba wanda ke taimakawa, a wani ɓangare, don sauƙaƙe matsalolin gurɓatar sa, kodayake zai buƙaci saka hannun jari mai yawa a cikin wannan nau'in tushen don samun damar rage su da gaske.

Na gaba shine Amurka tare da shigar 67 gW Kuma a cikin haɓakarsa tun daga 2013, a cikin shekaru biyu kawai, ƙarfinsa ya haɓaka da 8 gW tare da ci gaba na ainihi, wani abu kuma ana iya ganinsa a cikin Jamus, Indiya da Spain, ba shakka, idan aka kwatanta da babban ci gaban China.

Baya ga manyan iko a cikin karfin iska, ya zama dole buga Brazil wanda ya nuna mafi girman rabo ci gaban dukkan kasuwanni tare da haɓaka 14% a cikin wannan shekara ta 2015.

A matsayin mara kyau mun sami kasuwannin Turai da yawa abin ya shanye, wani abu da zai faru da Bajamushe lokacin da suka shigar da wasu canje-canje a cikin tsari na shekaru biyu masu zuwa, wani abu da zai rage ƙarfin ƙarfin iska.

Sin

Masanin binciken kamfanin China

Sin yana fatan samun 347,2 gW zuwa 2025 tare da shigarwar shekara-shekara wanda zai kai 56,8 gW. Wani abu mai mahimmanci na abin da wannan nau'ikan makamashi ke nufi ga wannan ƙasa.

Kuma duk da cewa kasar Sin a yanzu tana matsayin matsakaiciyar mai fitar da wannan nau'ikan makamashin, hakika tana cikin wani yanayi na ci gaba. Adadin da ake samu 2025 a duk duniya zai wuce 962,6 gW wanda ke nufin cewa China za ta kasance, har ma da wannan koma baya, ɗaya daga cikin manyan 'yan wasa na wannan nau'in makamashi a duniya.

Daidai ne a cikin wannan shekara cewa an yi annabta cewa ba za a rarraba Sin a matsayin kawai ba babban mai saka wutar lantarki nan da shekarar 2015, amma kuma zai ci gaba da jagorantar wannan bangare a shekarar 2016.

Sauran ƙasashe waɗanda zasu zama masu mahimmanci

Mai ba da injin iska a daki-daki yana samar da iska

Indiya, Ostiraliya, Japan, Koriya ta Kudu, Philippines, Thailand, da Taiwan kara karfinsu daga 148,2 gW a 2014 zuwa 437,8 gW tare da kaso kashi na duniya wanda zai kai 45,5%.

Sauran manyan ƙasashe don nasarar makamashin iska sune Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia da Mexico wanda zai kara 45,6 gW. Mun riga munyi magana akan Uruguay da Costa Rica a matsayin manyan misalai na manufofi waɗanda ke ba da damar haɓakar wannan nau'in makamashi mai tsabta, wani abu mai mahimmanci ga rayuwarmu ta nan gaba.

Mabuɗin makamashin iska don makomar makamashi a nan gaba

Wannan nau'in makamashi ya zama tsada sosai. A wuraren da amfani da makamashi ke karuwa, dole ne a kirkiro sabbin hanyoyin, kuma a nan ne karfin iska zai taka muhimmiyar rawa.

A cikin manyan kasuwanni inda abubuwan more rayuwa don ci, makamashin nukiliya ko samar da iskar gas sun riga sun tabbata, akwai ƙarin ƙalubale a gaba saboda babban canjin da zai faru. Yana nan inda makamashin iska zai yi gogayya da farashin kulawa daga hanyoyin samar da makamashi da ake dasu. Har yanzu, tushen makamashi daga iska wani zaɓi ne mai matukar jan hankali, baya ga cewa yana samar da kuzari ba tare da fitar da iskar gas ba.

Girkawar injin nika

Hakanan yana da wani abu da ke faruwa kuma suna rage farashi. Akwai manyan dalilai guda uku. Isayan shine iska masu aiki da iska suna tsufa, tare da hasumiyoyi masu tsayi da kuma wuta mai sauƙi. Na biyu shine cewa ingantaccen sarkar samarwa ya karu kuma tsarin masana'antu yana rage farashin. Na uku, kuma na ƙarshe, shi ne yayin da shigar iska ke ƙaruwa, ana adana farashi ta hanyar ƙera su a kan sikelin da ya fi na da.

Wani babban dalilinta shine magance canjin yanayi kuma tasirin da makamashi mai tsafta da arha ke iya samu wanda ke ɗorewa bisa lokaci. Ba da wannan kuzarin da ya zama dole duniyan da muke rayuwa a ciki kuma a lokaci guda ba zai haifar da hayaki mai gurbata muhalli ba a sararin samaniya shine manufar manyan kamfanoni kamar Vestas.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Babban mahimmancin ƙarfin iska

Bincike da ci gaban sababbin fasaha

Yana da matukar kyau mahimmin saka hannun jari a cikin sabbin fasahohi ta yadda ƙwarewar makamashi daga waɗannan turbin da sabbin abubuwa daban-daban ke haifar da wasu hanyoyi inda za su iya aiwatar da kashi mafi girma a cikin yawan amfani da makamashi a duniya daga makamashin iska.

Mun ga mashahuran mutum kamar Bill Gates suna saka jari mai yawa a cikin sabbin fasahohin makamashi kamar dala miliyan biyu da ta yi amfani da su.

Daga manyan ƙwararrun masaniyar fasaha ne suke jawo hankali cewa lallai ya zama dole a canza yadda muke kallon yanayin makamashi wanda muka sami kanmu a ciki. Idan munyi tsokaci akan Gates, wani babban kamar Mark Zuckerberg suma suna yin nasu yashi don ƙarfafa ƙarin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu don neman makoma mai tsabta ga kowa da duniya mai ɗorewa.

Bill Gates

Google yana da wani babban aiki a Afirka inda za ta girke injinan iska sama da 365 a gabar Tafkin Turkana da ke Kenya. Wanne zai samar da kashi 15 na yawan wutar lantarkin da kasar nan ke amfani da ita.

El ajiyar makamashi Hakanan an nuna yana da mahimmanci ga duk waɗannan canje-canjen da ake buƙata su faru tunda adana rarar kuzari da ɗaruruwan iska masu ƙarfin iska zasu iya samarwa yana da mahimmanci don ma jaddada amfani da tushen makamashi kamar makamashin iska.

Tesla da batirinta na gida suna nuna wata hanya, amma maimakon abin da zai kasance dogaro da kai makamashi na masu amfani, amma bisa mizani mafi girma kuma zai iya samar da batirin da ake buƙata don “adana” rarar.

Hakanan muna da sabbin fasahohi kamar da turbines ba tare da ruwan wukake halitta ta Vortex, wani kamfani na kasar Sipaniya wanda a yanzu haka yake kara sosai saboda hadewar wasu injinan iska wadanda da kyar suke haifar da tasirin muhalli, tunda banda kawar da karar wasu na gargajiya, basa canza yanayin kamar yadda suke yi.

Vortex

Wannan fasahar Vortex tana aiki ne ta irin wannan hanyar yana amfani da nakasar da aka samar ta hanyar jijiyar da iska ke haifarwa yayin shiga cikin rawar a cikin silinda mai tsaye kusa da ƙasa kuma an kafa shi a cikin ƙasa. Wannan lalacewar ce take da alhakin samar da wutar lantarki.

Shekarar 2016 shekara ce mai matukar muhimmanci ga makamashin iska

A taron kolin yanayi na Paris an cimma wasu yarjejeniyoyi Sun sanya shekarar 2016 a matsayin muhimmiyar shekara ta yadda waɗancan kaso na ƙarfin ƙarfin iska ya tashi da yawa saboda dalilan da duk muka sani.

Magana game da yanayin da ake sanya makamashin iska a matsayin ɗayan mahimman hanyoyin samar da makamashi don rage iskar gas mai dumama yanayi da ke haifar da matsaloli da bala’o’i na dabi’a a duk duniya. Canjin da dole ne a yi shi daga dukkan sassan wannan duniyar don samun babban sakamako.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Douglas_dbsg m

    Tunanin kirkirar karin gonakin iska domin inganta muhalli kadan yana da kyau

  2.   lucy sosa m

    Yana da kyau ya taimaka min a makaranta ...: p

  3.   Erick m

    ooooooooooo yana da kyau

  4.   ruwan toka mai toka m

    Kuma hawan me kyau

  5.   dariana ramones m

    Wannan ya taimaka min don makaranta kuma na sami A

    1.    ƙararrawar florence m

      Hakanan yayi min aiki a makarantata kuma na dauki daya kamar dariana ramones

  6.   Nerea m

    Ina tsammanin abin farin ciki ne idan suka yi la'akari da mahalli.
    Hasken iska babban tunani ne! ♥

  7.   Jose Castillo m

    Muna da sabuwar fasaha don ajiyar makamashi daga tsire-tsire masu amfani da hasken rana da iska a lokutan da aka samar da shi, kuma zamu iya amfani da shi a wasu lokuta mafi yawan amfani wanda ba koyaushe bane lokacin zamani.

    Idan kuna da sha'awa, tuntube mu info@zcascas.com

  8.   nelson sabino jaque busts m

    Na kasance ina binciken wannan batun shekaru 30 da suka gabata, na mallaki ayyukan da yawa amma biyu na kwarai ne, daya tare da karfin iska dayan kuma ga igiyar ruwa. Har yanzu ban sami hanyar tallata su ba. Na ga ya zama gaggawa in fita daga tsarin katuwar hasumiya, tare da gatari a kwance, don wani ingantaccen kuma saboda raƙuman ruwa, don ba da mafita ga dalilan masana'antu, wanda bai faru ba har yanzu. Ina bude wa abokan hulda don ci gaba a wannan muhimmiyar hanyar.

  9.   osmar m

    Kyakkyawan yanke shawara 🙂